Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 334
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are some of the principal buildings in Glasgow.
The town-house is an elegant building with a
piazza in front; and opposite to it is the exchange,
a square building, with an equestrian statue of
William III. in the centre. The toll-booth, the
guildhall, and the theatre are also worthy of no-
tice. There are several charitable establishments;
particularly th? Merchant’s Hospital, and that of
the town, and a large infirmary. Here is also a
monument, 145 feet high, in the green of Glas-
gow, to the memory of the gallant Nelson. The
university, instituted in 1450,is constantly increas-
ing in reputation. At present it consists of a chan-
cellor, rector, dean of faculty, a principal, and 16
professors, of which one is for law, four for theol-
ogv, five for the study of medicines and subjects
connected therewith, and the others for the fac-
ulty of arts. It has lately been greatly enriched
in the mathematical department by the library of
the late celebrated Dr. Robert Simpson, author of
the translation of Euclid, and has received an im-
portant addition, by a collection of rare books and
manuscripts, in every department of science, but
particularly in medicine, bequeathed by the late
Dr. William Hunter, who has also left his exten-
sive museum to the university of Glasgow. Be-
sides the anatomical preparations, the museum,
for which an elegant building has been erected,
contains a collection of shells, corals, insects, and
fossils, made by the late Dr. Fothergill, and a cabi-
net of medals and coins, ancient and modern,
the most complete of the kind in Europe. The
observatory is well fitted up, and*supplied with
the most improved instrument for the use of the
professor of practical astronomy. But being main-
ly dependent on private aid for suppport, since the
novelty of its erection has ceased, it is not main-
tained without.difficulty. Glasgow, next to Lon-
don and Liverpool, is the most commercial place
in the British dominions, and in manufacturing ex-
tent and importance, it is only exceeded by Man-
chester and Leeds; the cotton manufacture em
ploys about 40,000 looms, wtih all the attending
operations of staining, dyeing, glazing, &c. &c.,
which support numerous iron founderies, machine
makers, &c. &c,; in addition to which, it has sev-
eral glass houses, sugar refineries, &c. Glasgow
was originally one parish, but is now fqr the beni-
fit of the poor and ease of ministers, divided into
12, with as many churches, and several chapels
of ease, and numerous meeting houses for Dis-
senters. The population of 10 parishes within
the city, in 1821, amounted to 72,765, the Barony
51,919, and Gorbals 22.359, making an aggregate
population of 147,043, being 63,274 morevihan in
1801, and more than treble the number in 1780.
The city of Glasgow is seated on the N. bank of
the Clyde, the suburbs extending to the opposite
side connected by three elegant bridges of stone.
The river is navigable for vessels of eight feet wa-
ter as far as the bridge ; but larger Vessels stop
at Port Glasgow, or Greenock, at the mouth of
the river to unload ; it has also the advantage of
two canals, beside the great canal that joins the
Clyde to the Forth. Glasgow is 44 m. W. of Ed-
inburgh, and 60 S. W. of Perth : the mean dis-
tance from London, is only 348 m. the route of
the mail 404.



Glasgow Port. See Port Glasgow.

Glasborough, p.v. Gloucester Co. N. J.

Glastenbury, ph. Hartford Co. Conn. Pop.

Glastenbury, t. Bennington Co. Vt. Pop. 52.

Glastenbury, a town of Somersetshire, Eng. it

is seated near a high hill, called the Tor, and fa-
mous for an abbey, that occupied an area of 60
acres, of which some considerable ruins still re-
main ; particularly the kitchen which is the most
entire, and of a very unusual contrivance. The
George Inn was formerly an hospital for the ac-
commodation of pilgrims who came to the abbey
and to the thorn, which, it is pretended, was
planted by Joseph of Arimathea, and blossomed
on Christmas eve. It was also pretended, that
the bodies of Joseph of Arimathea, of king Ar-
thur, and of Edward the confessor were buried
here. The last abbot of this place was hano-ed on
the top of the Tor, by order of Henry V1H. for
not acknowleding his supremacy ; and on this hill
is a tower, which serves as a landmark to set.,
men. Glastonbury has two churches, and a man-
ufacture of worsted stockings. It is seated on the
river Brue, 6 m. S. W. of Wells, on the road to
Exetei, and 124 W. by S. of London,

Glatz, a sovereign county of Germany, lving
between Silesia, Bohemia, and Moravia, sur-
rounded by mountains. It is 40. m. long, and 25
broad; has mines of coal, copper and iron, good
quarries of marble and stone, and fine springs of
mineral waters. In 1742, it was ceded to the
king of Prussia, by the queen of Hungary, and is
now deemed a part of Silesia.

Glatz, a strong town of Silesia, capital of the
county of Glatz, seated on the side of a hill, by
the river Neiss. On the top of the hill is an an-
cient castle, and a new citadel. In 1742, the Prus-
sians took the town by capitulation ; and in 1760,
the Austrians, took it by storm, but restored it in
1763. It is 60 m. S. S. W. of Breslau, and 90 E.
N. E. of Prague. Long. 16. 32. E., lat. 50. 18. N.

Glauchau, a town of Upper Saxony, in Misnia,
with considerable manufactures of cotton and oth-
er stuff’s; seated on the Mulda, 36 m. S. by E! of

Gleiwitz. a town of Silesia, noted for the culture
of hops and the weaving of cloth ; 34 m. S. E. of

Glenluce, a town of Scotland, in Wigtonshire,
with a harbour for small vessels.

Glenn, p.v. Gloucester Co. Pa.

Glenns Falls, on the Hudson 25 m. above Alba-
ny. They are a violent rapid descending 63
feet in 500. The stream is divided by the rocks
into three channels. A village of the same name
is situated a quarter of a mile from the falls.

Glogau, or Gnoss Glogau, a town of Silesia, cap-
ital of a principality of the same name, which is
very fertile, and produces wine. The town is well
fortified, and formerly stood close by the Oder,
which has since changed its course, and now flows
above a m. from it. Besides the papists, there
are a great number of protestants and Jews. It
was taken by the king of Prussia, in 1741. It is
60 m. N. W. of Breslau. Long. 16. 14. E., lat
51. 38. N.

Glogau, Little, a town of Silesia, with a col-
legiate church and Minorite convent, 23 m. S. of

Glomme, a river of Norway, in the bishopric
of Aggerhuys, which flows into, the North Sea
atFrederickstadt. At least 50,000 trees are an }
ually floated by this river to Frederickstadt. 1

Glossop, a parish of Derbyshire, Eng. which
contains 18 townships and hamlets : total pop. in
1821, 13,766. The township of the same name
contained 1,357 inhabitants. It is 8 m. N. of

Gloucestershire, a county of England, 60 m


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