Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 429
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KUR    429    KYR

tensive lake 200 m S. E. of Ulea. Long. 29. 10.
xc2xa3., lat. 63. 20. N.

Kupferberg, a mine-town of Prussian Silesia, in
the principality of Jauer, on the river Bober, 17
*n. N. W. of Jauer.

Kur, (the ancient Cyrus), a river of Persia,
which rises in the Caucasian Mountains, passes
by Tefflis, and flows S. E. to the Caspian Sea.
At its mouth are several inlets, liable to be over-
flowed in the spring.

Karda, a town of Hindoostan, in the province
of Guzerat, near the N. W. frontier, about 3 m.
S. of Theraud.

Kurdistan, a country lying partly in Armenia
and partly in Persia, along the eastern bank of the
river Tigris, and comprehending great part of
ancient Assyria. Its limits are not precisely as-
certained ; but it may be viewed as bounded or
the N. by Armenia, on the E. by Persia, on the
S. by Arabian and Persian Irak, and on the W
by Diarbekir, or, as it is sometimes called, Alge-
zira. It is divided into two parts, viz., Lower
Kurdistan, or the western division, which is in-
cluded in the pachalic of Bagdad, and corres-
ponds nearly to the whole of the ancient Assyria
Proper; and Ardelan, which extends from the
small river Sharook to the Turkish district of
Zohaub. The surface is diversified by mountains
and valleys ; and the soil is in some places fertile
and well cultivated ; but it abounds with deserts,
and, except in the neighbourhood of the towns,
is barren and desolate. Wheat and barley are
the grains most commonly raised. The inhabi-
tants are not subject either to the Turks or Per-
sians. Some live in towns and villages, and
others rove from place to place, having tents like
the wild Arabs, and being robbers like them. The
tribes are ruled by a number of their own princes
or chiefs. They are proud of their descent; and
demand a premium for their daughters on giving
them in marriage. Their character and circum-
stances seem to have undergone little change
since the most remote times. Xenophon is sup-
posed to refer to them under the name of Cardu-
chai, a people who opposed the retreat of the

10,000 Greeks. Their religion is partly Chris-
tianity and partly Mahomedism. Altunkupri is
the capital. The chief towns are Kerkook, Soly-
mania, Beltis, Erbile, Amadia, Sennah, &c.

Kureh, a town of Asiatic Turkey, in Nato-
lia, 34 m. W. of Sinob.

Kurilts, a long chain of islands at the eastern
extremitv of Asia, extending from the southern
point of Kamtschatka to the isles of Jesso or
Matsmai. an island of Japan. They lie between
42. and 51. of N. lat., and the whole length of
the range is said to be nearly 900 m. Exclu-
sive of the very small ones, they are
22 in num-
ber. They are annexed to the government of
Irkutsk, and pay a tribute of furs and sea calves,
which is collected every three years; the Rus-
sian authoritr however can only be considered as
extending over 19, the three most southerly be-
longing "rather to Japan. The northernmost,
called Shoomska. is three leagues from Cape Lo-
patka: the next, named Paramousic, is consid-
erably larger than Sheoeaska. Those two islands
were first visited by the Russians, in 1713, and
the rest have been gradually discovered since that
period. Some of these islands
are fertile, wooded
and abound in fish and game; while others are
destitute of water and uninhabitable, but are occa-
sionally visited by the islanders for the sake of
hunting foxes and otters. The natives are ve -y
hairy, wear long beard, and live entirely upon
seals,fish, and the produce ofthe chase. They
are hospitable and docile ; but pusillanimous and
unable to support misfortune with fortitude.
Their houses and customs resemble those of the
Kamtschatdales. They have some trade with the
Chinese, Japanese, and Russians.

Kuron, a chain of mountains in Asiatic Turkey.

Kursk, a considerable town of European Rus-
sia, capital of a government of the same name.
It has 16,000 inhabitants, a Protestant consistory,
and 16 churches. The export trade is very con-
siderable, amounting to about xc2xa3150,000 sterling
per annum. It is seated on the river Tuskara,
240 m. S. of Moscow. Long. 37.
8. E., lat. 51.

40. N._

Kusistan, or Chusistan, a province of Persia,
bounded on the N. by Irac-Agemi, E. by Farsis-
tan, S. by the gulf of Persia, and W. by Jrao-
Arabi. The N. part is mountainous, the S. flat
and marshy. Tostar is the capital.

Kutah. See Chiutaja.

Kuttenberg, a town of Bohemia, seated near a
mountain, in which are silver mines. 5 m. N.
W. of Czaslau.

Kuttore, a celebrated town and fortress of the
N. of India, capital of a district ofthe same name,
in the province of Cafiristan. It is situated on
the summit of a perpendicular rock, and was with
great difficulty taken by Timur in the end of the
14th century. 100 m. N. E. of Cabul, and 280
N. W. of Lahore. Long. 70. 17. E., lat. 35.

27. N.

Kuty. a town of Austrian Poland, in Galicia,
on the Czeremosz, with extensive manufactures
o Russia leather. 61 m. S. S. E. of Halicz.

Kuynder, a town and fortress of the Neth er-
lands, in Friesland, situated on a river of the same
name, at its entrance into the Zuyder Zee, 23 m.
S. of Lewarden. Long. 5. 32. E., lat. 52. 41. N.

Kuzneck, a town of Siberia, capital of a prov-
ince of the same name, in the government of
Kolivan. It has manufactures of iron, and stands
on the Tom, at the influx of the Kondoma, 130
m. E. S. E. of Kolivan. Long. 85. 50. E., lat,

54. 16. N.

Kyburg, a bailiwic of Switzerland, including
the whole of the N. E. part of the canton of Zu-
rich. It is divided into 47 parishes, and is pro-
ductive, particularly in fruit and wine.

Kylburg, a town of the Prussian province of
the Lower Rhine, situated on the river Kyll, 30
m. N. N. E. of Luxemburg.

Kyll, a small river of Germany, which rises be-
tween the frontiers of Limburg and Juliers, and
falls into the Moselle, 4 m. below Treves.

Kymmenenard, an extensive province of Finland
equal in extent to the half of Scotland, but con-
taining only 115,000 inhabitants. It extends
alongdhe river Kymmene.

Kyn, a small island in the Baltic, on the coast
of Russia, about 5 m. in length, 40 m. N. by E.
of Riga.

Kyndee, a town of Hindoostan, in the province
of Bahar, and district of Ramgur. Long.
86. 5.
E.,lat. 24. 15. N.

Kyneton. See Kington.

Kyranur, a town ana fortress of Hindoostan, in
the province of Gundwaneh. It belongs to one
of the Goand chiefs, who is tributary to the rajah
of Nagpore. It is situate near the Lucknow
Hills, 95 m. S. E. of RuttUnpore. Long. 81. 32
E.,lat. 21. 27 N.

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Brookes' Universal Gazetteer of the World (1850)


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