Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 664
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SCH    664    SCII

the most level, pleasant, and fertile spot in the
kingdom, producing all the necessaries of life in
abundance. Lund is the capital.

Schongau, a town of Bavaria, surrounded by a
plain wall and some towers. The great square
is adorned with three fountains of a kind of mar-
ble, the product of the country. It stands on the
side of an eminence, hy the river Lech, 14 m. S.
of Lansburg and 40 S. W of Munich.

Schonhoven, a town of the Netherlands, in S.
Holland, with a commodious haven. It is cele-
brated for its gardens and its salmon fishery , and
is seated on the Leek, 14 m. E. by N. of Rot-

Sehooley’s Mountain, an eminence in Morris Co.
N. J. much visited in summer for its agreeable
scenery and the mineral springs in its neighbour-

Sehorndorf, a town of the kingdom of Wurtem-
berg, with a strong oast.le, and productive salt
springs. It is seated on the Rems, 17 m. S. S.
E. of Stutgard.

Schouten Island, an island in the Pacific Ocean,
near the N. E. coast of New Guinea, 60 m. long
and 20 broad, discovered by William Schouten,
a Dutchman, in 1616. Long. 135. 50. E., lat. 0.
40. S.

Schowen, an island of the Netherlands, forming
the N. part of Zealand, at the mouth of the
Scheldt. It is 15 m. long and 6 broad. Ziriczee
is the capital.

Sehruttenthal, a town and castle of Austria, 9
m. S. S. W. of Znaim.

Schrobenhausen, a town of Bavaria, on the riv-
er Par, 16 m. S. S. VV. of Ingolstadt.

Schut, an island of Hungary, formed by the
Danube, immediately below Presburg. It is 40
rn. long and 12 broad, abounds in fruit and her-
bage, and has plenty of game, wood, and fish.
The chief town is Comorn.

Schuyler, Fort, Old and New, both in the state
of New York, on Mohawk River; the Old 4 m.
below, and the New 7 above Whitestown. The
latter is more usually called Fort Stonwix.

Schuyler, a lake in Otsego Co. N. Y. 5 m. in
length and 1 in breadth.

Schuyler, ph. Herkimer Co. N. Y. t>.' -he Mo-
hawk, 84 m. N. W. Albany. Pop. 2,07-}

Schuylersville, p.v. Saratoga Co. N. V. 4 *
N. Albany.

Schuylkill, a county of the E. District oi i'enn-
sylvania. Pop. 20,783. Orwigsburg is the capi-

Schuylkill, a river of Pennsylvania, which rises
N. W. of the Kittatinny mountains, and is navi-
gable from above Reading to its entrance into the
Delaware, 5 m. below Philadelphia.

Schwabach, a town of Bavaria, in the principal-
ity of Anspach, with numerous manufactures.
It stands on a river of the same name, which
flows into the Rednitz, 12 m. E. by N. of Anspach.

Schicalbach. a town of Germany, in the duchy
of Nassau, frequented for its mineral waters;
seated on the river Aa, 32 m. W. of Frankfort.

Sehwalenburg, a town of Westphalia, in the
county of Lippe, 18 m. N. E. of Paderborn.

Schwan, a town of Germany, in the duchy of
Mecklenburg, on the river Warnow, 10 m. N. of

Schwandorf, a town of Bavaria, in the princi-
pality of Neuburg, on the river Nab, 21 m. N. of

Schwanmstadt, a town of Austria, near which
the lfaer ch gained a decisive victory over the
























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Austrians in 1800. It is seated on the Ager, 25
m. S. W. of Lintz.

Schwartz burg, an ancient castle of Germany,
which gives name to a district belonging to tiie
house of Saxony. The district is divided into
two parts, the upper and lower, each bearing the
name of county. Rudolstadt and Sondershausen
are the chief towns. The castle is seated on the
Schw7artz, 7 m. S W. of Rudolstadt.

Schicartzcnberg, a town of Bavarian Franconia
in a principality of the same name, w7ith a castle
seated on^ie Lee, 24 m. E. S. E. of Wurtzburg

Schwartzenberg, a town of Saxony, with wire
and kce manufactures. In the vicinity are iron
forges, and mines of tin and lead. It is 10 m.
W. S. W. of Annaberg.

Schwartzenburg, a town of Switzerland, capital
of a bailiwic, in the canton of Bern. 10 m. S. E.
of Friburg, and 17 S. S. W. of Bern.

Schwatz, a town of Austria, in Tyrol, with a sil
ver and copper mine ; sealed on the river Inn, 14
m. N. E. of Inspruc.

Schwedt, a town of Prussia, in Brandenburg,
with a magnificient castle, seated on the Oder, 24
m. S. E. of Prenzio.

Schweidnitz, a strong city of Prussia, in the gov-
ernment of Reichenbach, capital of a principality
of the same name, with a castle. Half of the
magistrates are Catholics, but most of the inhabi-
tants are Protestants, who have a church without
the towin, as also a public school. All kinds of
leather, particularly cordovan, are manufactured
here. In 1716 the greatest part of this city was
burnt dowin, but it was rebuilt in an elegant man-
ner. The Austrians took it, in 1757, from the
Prussians, who retook it the next year. In
1807 it surrendered to the French. It is seated
on an eminence on the river Weistritz, 22 m. S.
AV. of Breslau. Long. 16. 32. E., lat. 50. 44. N.

Schweinfurt, a towin of Bavarian Franconia, with
a palace. The inhabitants carry on a large trade
in wine, woollen and linen cloth, goose quills, and
feathers. This town was taken by the French in
1796, and was given to Bavaria in 1802. It is
seated on the Maine, 21 m. N. E. of Wurtzberg.
Long. 10. 35. E., lat. 50. 6. N.

Schicc:nitz, a town of Saxony, on the river Els-
ter, 14 m. S. E. of Wittenberg.

Schweinsbcrg, a town of Germany, in Hesse-
Cassel, on the river Ohm, 7 m. S. E. of Marburg.

Schweitz, a canton of Switzerland, bounded on
the W. by the Waldstadter See, S. by the canton
of Uri, E. bv that of Glarus, and N. by those of
Zurich and Zug. This canton, with that of Uri
and Underwalden, threw off the yoke of Austria
in 1308, and formed a perpetual alliance in 1315,
which was the grand foundation of the Helvetic
confederacy. The name of Schwinitzerland, Swis-
serland, or Switzerland, originally comprehended
only these three cantons, but was afterwards ex-
tended to all Helvetia. The whole country, being
rugged and mountainous, consists chiefly of pas-
ture, raises little corn, and has no wine ; but this
soil, naturally barren, has been improved by the
natives to a great degree of fertility. The inhab-
itants made a spirited but unavailing resistance
to the French in 179S, and they suffered severely
in 1799, when Switzerland became the scene ol
military operations. The Roman Catholic is the
established religion.

Schweitz, the capital of the above canton, is
seated near the Waldstadter See, on the slope ol
a hill, at the bottom of twin high and rugged
rocks, called the Schweitzer Haken. The church


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