works, calculated for equipments on a very large
scale. Vessels also, with their various appoint-
ments, are built and equipped at Sourabaya. A
mint is likewise at work here, on a new siDer
and copper coinage. The French, when in pos-
session of the island of Java, intended to have
erected Sourabaya into a port of consequence;
large sums were expended in the construction of
works for the defence of the harbour, and General
Daendols was proceeding in his plans when the
island was taken by the British. It is seated on
a river which separates the European part of the
town from the Chinese and the native quarter.
Long. 112. 55. E., lat. 7. 14. S.
Souri, a town of Persia, in Laristan, situate on
the Persian gulf, 115 m. S. W. of Ormus. Long.
55. 30. E., lat. 26. 18. N.
Sou-tcheou, a city of China, of the first rank, in
the province of Kiang-nan. It is so intersected
by canals of fresh water that Europeans compare
it to Venice. The country round it is almost un-
equalled in po-int of fertility, in consequence of
which the Chinese call this city the paradise of
the world. The brocades and embroideries made
here are esteemed throughout the whole empire.
The population is prodigous, and the commercial
intercourse with strangers so great that the trade
of all the provinces might be supposed to centre
here. It is seated on the grand canal, and on a
river which communicates with the lake Tai, 560
m. S. by E. of Pekin. Long. 120. 0. E., lat. 31.
Souterraine, a town of France, department of
Crenxc2xabxc2xa3>, 24 m. N. of Limoges.
Soui.ii Sea. See Pacific Ocean.
Southam, a town in Warwickshire, Eng. 82 m.
N. W. of London.
Southampton, a borough and county of itself,
and the county-town of Hampshire, Eng. It
stands between the Itchen and Test, which here
flow into an inlet of the sea, called Trissanton
Bay, or Southampton Water. The inlet is navi-
gable almost*to the head for vessels of considera-
ble burden, and the two rivers admit small craft
some way up the country. It was formerly a
port of great commerce, and still possesses con-
siderable trade, particularly with Guernsey and
Jersey. 74 m. W. S. W. of London.
Southend, a village in Essex, Eng. at the mouth
of the Thames, nearly opposite Sheerness, much
resorted to for sea-bathing, and containing hand-
some accomodation for the company. 44 m. E.
Soutfhflcet, a village in Kent, Eng. 3 m. S. W.
of Gravesend. Some stone coffins, urns, &c.,
have been dug up here, since the commencement
of the present century, which evince it to have
been a Roman station; probably the Vagniacca
Southicark. a borough in Surrey, Eng. which
may be considered as part of the metropolis, being
seated on the opposite side of the Thames, and
under the jurisdiction of the corporation of Lon-
don. It is called the Borough, by way of dis-
Southwell, a town in Nottinghamshire, Eng. It
is an ancient place, enjoying several privileges dif-
ferent from the county, and has a collegiate
church. Here are the ruins of a grand palace,
demolished in the civil wars of the 17th century.
The principal trade is in malt and hops. 132 m.
N. N. W. of London.
Southwold, a sea-port in Suffolk, Eng. Here a
much esteemed salt is made, and it has also a
trade in corn, beer, and herrings. It is sometimes
called Sowle or Sole, and its bay is named Sole
bay. In this bay was the great sea-fight, in 1672,
between the Dutch admiral , De Ruyter, and
James, duke of York, in which the victory was
undecided. 305 m. S. E. of London.
South Amboy, a township of Middlesex Co
South Amenia, ph. Dutchess Co. N. Y. 85 m
Southampton, ph. Hampshire Co. Mass. 110 m.
W. Boston. Pop. 1,253; ph. Suffolk N. Y. on
Long Island. Pop. 4,850 ; townships in Bucks,
Franklin, Cumberland and Bradford Cos. Pa.
^Southampton, a county in the E. District of Vir-
ginia Pop. 16,073. Jerusalem is the capital.
South Bainbridge, ph. Chenango Co. N. Y. on
the Susquehannah 142 m. W. Albany.
South Berwick, ph. York Co. Me. Pop. 1,577.
Southborough, ph. Worcester Co. Mass. 30 m
VV Boston. Pop. 1,080.
South Branch, p.v. Hardy Co. Va.
Soutkbridge, ph. Worcester Co. Mass. 65 m. S
W. Boston. Pop. 1,444. Here are large manufac-
tures of woolen.
Southbury ph. New Haven Co. Conn. on the
Housatonic 40 m. S. W. Hartford. Pop. 1,557
South Carolina, one of the United States,
bounded N. by N. Carolina, E. by the Atlantic'
S. and W. by Georgia, extending from 32. to 58.
N. lat. and from 78. 24. to o3. 30. W. long. 200
m. in length and 125 in breadth and containing
30.080 sq. rn. It has no mountains except in the
northwestern extremity. It is traversed by the
great Pedee, Santee and Edisto rivers with their
numerous branches; the Savannah wastes the
Southwestern limit of the State. The coast for
100 m. from the ocean, is covered with forests of
pitch pine, with swampy tracts here And there
Beyond this, is a parallel belt of territory, called
the Middle Country, consisting of low sand hills,
resembling the waves of an agitated sea. This
tract occasionally presents an oasis of verdure, or
a few straggling pine trees, and sometimes a field
of maize or potatoes. . The middle country is
bounded by another belteof land called the Ridge,
where the country rises by a steep and sudden el-
evation, and afterwards continues gradually* to as-
cend. Beyond, the surface exhibits a beautiful al-
ternation of hill and dale interspersed with exten-
sive forests, and watered by pleasant streams.
The whole seacoast is low and level, and affords
hardly any good harbours. Towards the south it
is skirted by a range of islands, separated from
the main land by narrow channels, which afford
a steamboat navigation. These islands, like the
neighbouring continent are low and flat, but are
covered with forests of live oak, pine and palmet