Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 705
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SWE    705    SWE

Sveaborg, a strong fortress of Sweden, built on
several rocky islets in the gulf of Finland. In
1808 it surrendered to the Russians. 3 m. S. of

Svenborg, a sea-port of Denmark, in the island
of Funen, with the best harbour in the island.
Here are manufactures of woolen and linen. 22
m. S. of Odens ;e. Long. 10. 37. E., lat. 55. 9. N.

Swaffham, a town in Norfolk", Eng. noted for
outter. 93 m. N. E. of London.

Sicainesborough, p.v. Emanuel Co. Geo. 80 m
S. E. Milledgeville.

Swale, a river in Yorkshire, Eng. This river
was held sacred by the Saxons from the circum-
stance of upwards of 10,000 persons having been
baptized in it by Pauliness, archbishop of York,
upon their conversion to Christianity.

Swatty, a towin of Hindoostan, in Guzerat, with
a harbour, where ships receive and deliver their
cargoes for the merchants of Surat. It is seated
near the gulf of Cambay, 15 m. W. of Surat.
Long. 72. 33. Exe2x80x9e lat. 21. 10. N.

Swalicett, a village in the county of Durham,

Swamp Churches, p.v. Montgomery Co. Pa.

Swan, a township of Hocking Co. Ohio.

Swan River, a river of N. America, which rises
m lake Etowwemahmeh, passes through Pwan
Lake, and falls into the Mississippi about 40 m.
from its source. All the country in the neigh-
bourhood of this and Red Deer River abounds in
beavers, moose deer, sallow deer, elks, bears, buf-
faloes, &c. The soil is good, and promises to
the industrious cultivator. A great number
of persons have recently emigrated to this coun-
try from Great Britain and Ireland.

Swanville, a township of Waldo Co. Me. 15 m.
S. W. Castine. Pop. 633.

Swanage, a village in Dorsetshire, Eng. seated
on a bay of the same name, in the English Chan-
nel, 4 m. E. S. E. of Corfe Castle.

Swannanoe, p.v. Buncombe Co. N. C.

Swansborough, p.v. Onslow Co. N. C. 40 m. S.
W. Newbern.

Swanscomb, a village in Kent, Eng. 2 m. W.
by S. of Gravesend.

Swansea, a sea-port and borough of Wales, in
Glamorganshire. Coal, iron, and limestone
abound in its neighbourhood, and great quantities
are exported It has a considerable trade to Bris-
tol, and extensive works for the smelting of cop-
per and lead ore. 206 m. W. of London.

Swanshals, a town of Sweden, in W. Gothland,
25 m. W. S. W. of Lindkoping.

Swanton, a township of Franklin Co. Vt. on L.
Champlain 30 m. N. Burlington. Pop. 2,158.

Swantown, a town in Kent Co. Md.

Swanzey, ph. Cheshire Co. N. H. 44 m. S. W.
Concord. Pop. 1,816; ph. Bristol Co. Mass. 47
m. S. Boston. Pop. 1,677. Here are manufac-
tures of paper and other articles.

Swarteberg, a town of Sweden, in W. Gothland,
18 m. N. W. of Uddevalla.    *

Sicartsluys, a towin and fortress of the Nether-
lands, in Overyssel, seated on the Vecht, 4 m.
from its mouth and 8 N. of Zwoll.

Swatara, a river of Pennsylvania flowing into
the Susquehanna at Middletown. Also a town-
ship of Dauphin Co. Pa.

SweasysviUe, a township of Adams Co Mis-

Sweden, a kingdom of Europe, extending 1,000
m. from N. to S. and 300 from E. to W., bounded
on the N. by Norwegian Lapland, E. by Russia,

S. by the gulf of Finland and the Baltic, and W
by the Sound, the Categat, and Norway. It wa*
formerly divided into five general parts; Sweden
Proper, Gothland, Nordland, Lapland, and Fin-
land ; and each of these subdivided into provin
ces. The greater part of Finland, however, was
ceded to Russia in 1808, but in 1814, on ceding
the small province of Swedish Pomerania, it ac-
quired Norway, including which, and Norwegian
Lapland, the total extent of surface may be com-
puted at 343,000 sq. m. with a pop. scarcely ex-
ceeding 3,500,000. The Pop. of Sweden alone is

The whole country is now divided into 23 gov-
ernments, Umea, Hernosand, Gefieborg, Upsal,
Stockholm, Westeras, Nykoping, Orebro, Stora
Kopparberg or Fahlun, Carlstadt, Lindkoping,
Jonkopmg, Kronoborg or W7exio, Calmar
Carlscrona, Scaraborg, Elfsborg, Gottenburg
Halmstadt, Christianstadt, Mahnohus, and Wis-
by. Though enclosed by mountains on the W.
and N., it is in general a very flat country ; and
it is remarkable that along the whole road, from
Gottenburg in the W. to Stockholm in the E.,
there is not a single acclivity of consequence, tili
within a few miles ofthe latter. It is well watered
by rivers (though not a single navigable one
worth mentioning), numerous lakes, and inland
pieces of water, on the banks of which the palaces
and villas are usually built. At Stockholm,
spring and autumn are scarcely to be perceived;
for winter continues nine months, and summer
during the remaining three. In winter the cold
is excessive, and the heat in summer is consider-
able, the air being serene all that time. During
this season all the rocks are quite covered with
flowers, and the gardens have plenty of fruits.
The trees are early in blossoming, the soil being
fat and sulphureous ; but the fruits have not sc
good a taste as in more southern countries. The
animals are horses, cows, hogs, goats, sheep, elks,
reindeer, bears, wolves, foxes, wild cats, and
squirrels. The horses are so little and feeble
that seven are put to a travelling carriage, four a
breast in the first line, and three in the second ;
but a lame or foundered horse is seldom to be
seen, which is attributed, in a great degree, to
the manner of stabling them on perforated boards
without litter. In some parts are rich silver, cop
per, and iron mines, and vast forests of timbei
trees. The articles of export, are boards, gun-
powder, leather, iron, copper, tallow, skins, pitch,
rosin, and masts; and the imports salt, brandy
wine, linen cloth, stuffs, tobacco, sugar, spice.
















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