Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 270

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by Temper's Kill and the Papacton branch of the
Delaware River. Surface hilly; soil adapted to
grazing. 87 miles S. W. from Albany.

Andover, Me., Oxford co. Watered bv Ellis's
River. About 30 miles N. W. from Paris, and
61 W. N. W. from Augusta.

Andover, Ms., Essex co. A large town of ten
miles square, bounded N. by the Merrimac, and
â– watered by the Shawsheen, which affords many
water privileges. There are large villages in the
N. and S. parts of the town, some 3 miles distant
from each other, and several smaller villages.
Most of the soil is arable, and much of it
highly cultivated. Among the manufactures are
flannels, linen, yarn, and shoe thread. The vari-
ous literary institutions are its principal attrac-
tion. Phillips Academy has now been in ex-
istence nearly 70 years. It has ample endow-
ments, convenient buildings, a chemical and
philosophical apparatus, which cost over $2000,
a valuable library of 700 volumes. From the
commencement of its operations to 1845, 4437
individuals have enjoyed its advantages. This
institution was incorporated several years before
any other academy in New England, and is still
deservedly conspicuous among them all. Its
funds enable the trustees to secure the permanent
services of distinguished teachers, without making
any but the most moderate charges for tuition,
while large numbers receive their entire tuition
free. The Theological Seminary. See
cal Institutes.
The Abbot Female Academy. This
academy is beautifully located, in the same vil-
lage with the other literary institutions.; it pre-
sents the additional attractions of a valuable
philosophical apparatus, and cabinet of minerals,
and a select library of modern works, together
with a beautiful building, and grounds tastefully
arranged and adorned. Many of the most valu-
able publications of the day are issued from the
Andover press. Its learned Quarterly, the Bib-
liotheca Sacra, has a large .circulation across the

Andover, N. H., Merrimac co. The Black
Water is the principal stream. There are six
ponds. The Ragged Mountains are on the N.,
the Kearsage on the W. -Soil of good quality.
21 miles N. W. from Concord. The Northern
Railroad passes through the centre.

Andover, N. Y., a township of Alleghany co.
Dyke Creek, a tributary of the Genesee River,
flows through this town. Its surface is uneven ;
soil, clay loam. 15 miles S. E. from Angelica,
and 266 S. of W. from Albany.

Andover, Vt., Windsor co. Markham and
Terrible Mountains lie in the western part.
The land is uneven, and the soil hard. 20 miles
S. W. from Windsor, and 68 S. from Montpelier.

Andrew County, Mo., c. h. at Savannah. Prin-
cipal streams, Piatte and Nodaway Rivers. The
Missouri also touches the S. W. corner.

Angelica, N. Y., c. h. Alleghany co. Town-
ship and village on Angelica Creek. The sur-
face is rolling; the soil mostly fertile, consisting
of clay loam and sandy alluvion. 262 miles W.
from Albany.

Angelina County, Ts., c. h. at Marion. In the
E. part of the state. Drained by the Angelina,
E. fork of the Neches.

Angola, la., c. h. Steuben co. 174 miles N. N.
E. from Indianapolis.

Annapolis, Md., city, port of entry, capital of
the state, and seat of justice of Ann Arundel co.,
stands on the W. side of the Severn, 2 miles
from its entrance into Chesapeake Bay, 28 miles
S. S. E. from Baltimore, and 40 miles E.
N. E.
from the city of Washington. Annapolis was
established as the seat of government in 1699.
The state house is a venerable building, in which
the American Congress held some of its sessions
during the revolutionary war; and in the senate
chamber of which, Washington, at the close of
the war, resigned his commission. If is a spa-
cious and elegant building for the period of its
erection. The state library, in one of its apart-
ments, contains 15,000 volumes. The city is reg-
ularly laid out, with streets diverging from the
state house, and also from another point, at
which is located the Episcopal Church, as from
two centres. The' city is pleasant and healthy
as a place of residence, but as a place of business
it has fallen behind in consequence of the flour-
ishing state of Baltimore. Annapolis is the seat
of St. John's College, a branch of the University
of Maryland. See

Annisquam, Ms., Essex co. 34 miles from Bos-
ton ; the north village of the town of Gloucester,
having a separate harbor of its own, formed by
Annisquam River, and opening into Ipswich

Ann Arbor, Mn., Washtenaw co. This flour-
ishing place, on both sides of the Huron River,
is regularly laid out, partly on the river and part-
ly on elevated ground a short distance S. of it.
It is handsomely built, and is the seat of the
Michigan University. See
Colleges. It is on the
Michigan Central Railroad, 42 miles W. from

Ann Arundel County, Md., c. h. at Annapolis.
Central, on the W. shore of Chesapeake Ba^.
Surface rolling; soil tolerably fertile. It is
watered on its
N. border by the Patapsco, and
on its S. W. border by the Patuxent River.

Annsville, N. Y., Oneida co. Fish Creek, and
its tributaries water this township, the surface
of which is undulating, and the soil mostly grav-
elly loam. 25 miles
N. W. from the city of Uti-
ca, and 118 miles from Albany.

Annville, Pa., Lebanon co. Swatara Creek,
and tributaries of it, flow through this township,
affording good water power. Surface level; soil
gravel and calcareous loam. The Union Canal
passes through it.

Anson, Me., Somerset co. At the junction of
Seven Mile Brook with the Kennebec, on the
western side of that river. Here are fine farms
and good husbandry. 112 miles
N. from Port-
land, 40
N. W. from Augusta.

Anson County, N. C., c. h. at Wadesboro'.
On the S. border and S. bank of the Yadkin, by
which and its tributaries it is watered.

Antes, Pa. A northern township of Blair co.,
on the height of land between the Juniata and
the W. branch of the Susquehanna. 116 miles
W. from Harrisburg.

Antrim, N. H., Hillsboro' co. On Contoo-
cook River. Hilly, but productive. 30 miles S.
W. from Concord.

Antrim, Pa., Franklin co. Conecheague Creek
and its branches water this township, the surface
of which is level, and the soil calcareous loam.

Antwerp, N. Y., Jefferson co. Oswegatchie
River waters this township on the
N. and Indian
River on the S. The former here makes a bend
called the “Oxbow." The surface is hilly; the
soil good, clay loam, well adapted to the growth

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