Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 280

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Page 279 ...Page 281

Note: Ctrl and + increases the font size of the text below, Ctrl and - decreases it, and Ctrl and 0 resets it to default size.


;    Barrington,    N. H., StrafFord    co. The surface

I    broken and rocky; the soil chiefly a gravelly

I    loam. There are no less than 13 ponds of con-

siderable magnitude in this place, from whence
issue streams. On Isinglass River is a fall of
j    30 feet. Two miles from the centre of the town

•    is a remarkable cavern, called the Devil's Den.

j    Granite and iron ore are plenty. 20 miles N. W.

from Portsmouth, and 30 E. from Concord.

,    Barrington,    N. Y., Yates co.    This town lies

;    E. of Crooked Lake, and is drained by a num-

■    ber of small streams. The surface is undulat-

[    ing. and the soil good. 193 miles W. from

.    Albany.

|    Barrington,    R. I., Bristol co.    This small town

is well watered by Palmer's River, and by an
;    inlet of Warren River, over which is a bridge.

:    The soil of the town is of a fertile sandy loam,

•    and quite productive. Large quantities of sea-
weed are collected on its shores. A large tract in
Barrington, called the " Cove," now covered with
water to a considerable depth, is supposed to

:    have once been a forest, as timber and fuel are

j    obtained from its bottom. Some salt is made

[    in this town, and shell and other fish are abun-

l    dant. 8 miles E. N. E. from Providence.

Barry County, Mn., c. h. at Hastings. S. W.

!    central. Wintered chiefly by Thorn Apple Riv-

i    ;    er. Surface undulating and broken; soil fertile.

Barry County, Mo., c. h. at McDonald. In the
:    s. w. corner, bordering on Arkansas. Surface

;    hilly ; soil mostly good.

Barry. Pa. A N. W. township of Schuylkill co.
i    Watered by Deep Creek, a branch of the Susque-

hanna River. Surface mountainous, with fertile
valleys. 76 miles N. W. from Harrisburg.

,    Bart, Pa. A S. E. township of Lancaster co.

Watered by a head branch of Octarara Creek.
55 miles E. from Harrisburg.

Bartholomew County, la. c. h. at Columbus. S.
E. central. Soil very fertile. The E.branch of
White River flows S. through the middle of it.
It is also traversed by the Madison and Indian-
apoli.s Railroad.

,    Bartlett, N. H.. Coos co., lies at the foot of

1    the White Mountains, on the E. side. The Saco

Ri ver meanders through it.

Bartlett, Pa. A township of Jefferson co., on
both sides of Union River.
i    Barton,    N.    Y., Tioga co. Situated partly be-

tween the Susquehanna and Chemung Rivers,
and watered by Cayuta Creek. Surface hilly;
soil rather sterile, except the valleys, which are
very fertile. 15-miles W. from Oswego, and 181
miles S. W. from Albany.

Barton, Vt., Orleans co. Watered by Barton
!    River. A thriving town, with a good hydraulic

power. 42 miles N. E. from Montpelier.

'    ,    Baskingridga,    N. J., Somerset co. A beautiful

i    and healthy place, lying on high ground. 46

miles N. by E. from Trenton.

Bastrop County, Ts., c. h. at Bastrop. Situated
'    on both sides of the Colorado.

Bastrop, Ts., c. h. Bastrop co. On E. bank of
the Colorado, 40 miles S. E. from Austin.

Batavia, N. Y., Genesee co. Watered by Ton-
i    awanda Creek, which winds through the town.

The surface is level; the soil fertile. The rail-
road from Albany to Buffalo passes through it.
285 miles W. from Albany.

Batavia, O., c. h. Clermont co. On the N.
bank of the E. fork of Little Miami River, 96
S. W. from Columbus.

Bates County, Mo., c. h. atBatesville. On both
sides of Osage River. Mostly prairie.

Batesvi/leAs., c. h. Independence co. 140
miles S. W. from Little Rock.

Bath, Is., c. h. Mason co.

Bath County, Kv., c. h. at Owingsville. Lick-
ing River washes its north-eastern border.

Bath, Me., city, Lincoln co., lies on the W.
bank of the Kennebec River, 12 miles from the
sea, 31 miles S. from Augusta, and 32 N. E. from
Portland. The population in 1830, was 3773;
in 1840, 5141 ; in 1850, 3020. — An attempt was
made by a missionary to settle this place, and
preach to the fishermen as early as 1670. But
the Indians would not permit it. The first per-
manent settlement was made in 1756. The town
is built on a gentle declivity, and extends from
a mile and a half to two miles along the river,
and nearly a mile back. It is hand-omely laid
out, and contains several elegant church edi-
fices, and other buildings, public and private,
which are an ornament to the place. — The prin-
cipal business of Bath is commerce, trade, and
ship building, particularly the latter, for which it
is admirably well located. This place ranks as
the third in the United States in respect to this
important interest. The tonnage of the district
of Bath including the waters of the Kennebec
River, in 1850 was 103,795. This place is noted
for its accomplished shipmasters and fine sailors.
— The harbor of Bath is seldom obstructed by
ice. Regular lines of steamboats ply between
this place and Portland and Boston, about three
fourths of the year. A branch railroad connects
it with the Portland and Augusta Railroad at
Brunswick, about 8 miles distant.

Bath, N. C., Beaufort co. 143 miles E. by S.
from Raleigh, on the Pamlico River.

Bath, N. H., Grafton co. On the Connecti-
cut. The Green Mountains on the W. and the
White Mountains on the E. effectually shield it
from high winds and long storms. "The Am-
monoosuc River waters the S. E. part, furnish-
ing fine water privileges ; it has a convenient fall
at the lower village. The soil on the hills is a
reddish loam; in the valleys it is alluvial. 80
miles N. W. from Concord.

Bath, N. Y., c. h. Steuben co. Watered by
Conhocton River and some of its branches. The
surface is hilly, but embraces much good tillable
land. 216 miles W. by S. from Albany.

Bath County, Va., c. h. at Bath.' Central.
Watered by Cowpasture, Jackson, and the head
branches of James Rivers. Surface rough and
elevated ; soil tolerably fertile.

Bath, Va., c. h. Bath co. 164 miles W. N. W.
from Richmond. Here are two springs, useful in
rheumatic and other complaints ; one the Warm,
the other the Hot Spring.

Baton Rouge, La. Capital of the state, and
seat of justice of East Baton Rouge Parish.
Situated on the E. bank of the Mississippi, 117
miles above New Orleans. It consists chiefly
of one street, which is built on a gentle swell of
land, 40 or 50 feet above high-water mark. The
seat of government has lately been established at
this place. It contains four or five churches of
different denominations, a court house, jail, pen-
itentiary, and U. S. barracks, which are fine
buildings, standing on elevated ground, a short
distance. E. of the town. This is the seat of
Baton Rouge College. (See
Colleges.) As it is
only since December, 1849, that Baton Rouge


This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.