Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 284

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tainous ; Taghkanic Mountain extending into the
E. and Peterboro' into the W. part, the soil in
the valley between being quite fertile. 18 miles
E. from Troy, and 24 E. by N. from Albany.

Berlin, 0. A post town, 89 miles from Co-

Berlin, Pa. An E. township of Wayne co., on
the Delaware.

Berlin. Vt., Washington co. Watered by
Winooski and Dog Rivers, and Stevens's Branch,
furnishing good mill sites. The land is some-
what broken, but of strong soil, and good for til-
lage. 4 miles S. from Montpelier.

Bernallio County, N. M., c. h. at Albuquerque.
On the Rio del Norte, S. of Santa Fe.

Bernard, N. J. A N. town of Somerset co.
Hilly and mountainous, with a fertile soil. It
contains the village of Brackinridge.

Bernardston, Ms., Franklin co. A township
of superior land, considerably elevated, between
Fall and Connecticut Rivers. Bald and West
Mountains afford delightful scenery; the former
is 630 feet above the waters of the Connecticut,
96 miles W. by N. from Boston, and 7 miles N.
from Greenfield, on the railroad from Greenfield
to Brattlehoro'.

Berne, N. Y., Albany co. Watered by Foxes
Creek on the W., and two large ponds on the
E. It is crossed by the Helderberg Hills, which
contain several curious caverns. The soil in the
valleys is very fertile, consisting of calcareous
loam. 16 miles W. from Albany.

Berne, Pa. In the centre of Berks co., on the
W. bank of the Schuylkill, and divided into Up-
per and Lower townships.

Berrien County, Mn., c. h. at St. Joseph. In
thS S. W. border, on both sides of the St. Jo-
seph's, at its entrance into Lake Michigan. St.
Joseph's, Pawpaw, and Salien Rivers afford fine
hydraulic power. Surface rolling ; soil various,
but mostly productive. Crossed by the Michigan
Central Railroad.

Berrien Spring, Mn., c. h. Berrien co. On the
W. bank of the St. Joseph River, 15 miles from
its mouth, and 192 miles S. W. from Detroit.

Bertie County, N. C., c, h. at Windsor. N. E.
part, between the Roanoke, on the S., and Albe-
marle Sound, where it receives the Chowan on
the E. Level, and somewhat marshy.

Berwick, Me., York co. 93 miles S. W. from
Augusta, on Salmon River, E. side. On the
railroad from Boston to Portland.

Berwick, Pa. An eastern township of Adams
co. Watered by Conevvago and Beaver Creeks,
tributaries of the Susquehanna. Surface level;
soil red shale. 41 miles S. W. from Harrisburg.

Berwick, Pa., Columbia co. At Nescopeck
Falls, on the N. side of the Susquehanna
River. 28 miles S. W. from Wilkesbarre, and 97
N. by E. from Harrisburg.

Bethany, Ct., New Haven co. Some portions
are good land and well cultivated, but a large
part is mountainous, and fit only for the growth
of wood. Beacon Mountain, between Bethany
and Naugatuck River, presents some wild and
picturesque features.

Bethany, Mo., c. h. Harrison co. 200 miles
N. W. from Jefferson City.

Bethany, N. Y , Genesee co. Drained by Ton-
awanda and Black Creeks. Surface somewhat
uneven; soil sandy loam and clay. 291 miles
W. from Albany.

Bethany, Pa., c. h. Wayne co. 1 mile W.

from Dyberry Creek, and 165 miles N. E. from
Harrisburg. There are glass works here, and
other manufactures.

Bethel, Ct., Fairfield co. A pleasant and flour-
ishing village, in the town of Danbury, and about
3 miles N. W. from the centre of that town.

Bethel, Me., Oxford co. 61 miles N. W. from
Portland. A fine farming town.

Bethel, N. Y., Sullivan co. The Mongoup and
several other small tributaries of the Delaware
flow through this town, which also contains sev-
eral small lakes. The surface is hilly: the soil
gravelly loam. 121 miles S. S. W. from Albany.

Bethel, Pa. A southern township of Bedford
co. Watered by Great Conoloway Creek and its
branches, tributaries of the Potomac. Surface
mountainous; soil calcareous loam.

Bethel, Pa. The westernmost township of
Berks co. Drained by a head branch of the
Swatara. The Blue Ridge bounds it on the N.
52 miles E. from Harrisburg.

Bethel, Pa. A southern township of Delaware
co. Watered by Naaman's, a branch of Chester
Creek. Surface level; soil clay.

Bethel, Pa. A N. E. township of Lebanon
co. Between two head branches of Swatara
Creek. Mountainous in the N., and level in the
S. Soil mostly gravel.

Bethel, Vt., Windsor co. Watered by branches
of White River, and possesses good mill sites.
Excellent soapstone is found here in great quan-
tities. The surface is broken and mountainous,
but the soil is warm, and good for grazing. Con-
siderable business is done at both villages, E. and
W.; the latter is the largest. 31 miles S. by W.
from Montpelier, and 30 N. W. from Windsor.
The Vermont Central Railroad passes through
this town.

Bethlem, Ct., Litchfield co. Hilly, with a
gravelly loam, and fit for grazing and the growth
of rye. Watered by Pomperaug River, a branch
of the Housatonic. 33 miles W. S. W. from

Bethlehem., N. H., Grafton co. Drained by
Great Amonoosuck River and one of its branches.
Round and Peaked Mountains are in this town.
The soil produces good crops of grass and grain.
There is plenty of pine timber and sugar maple.
Iron ore is found. 100 miles N. W. from Con-

Bethlehem, N. J., Hunterdon co. Hilly and
mountainous on the N. Soil red clay, slate, and
loam. 40 miles N. by W. from Trenton.

Bethlehem. N. Y., Albany co. On the Hudson
River, and watered by Normanskill, Vlamanskill,
and Coeymans Creek. 5 miles S. from Albany.

Bethlehem, 0. Post town on the Ohio Canal.

Bethlehem, Pa., Northampton co. 48 miles W.
by N. from Philadelphia, and 93 E. from Harris-
burg. Situated on the N. bank of the Lehigh
River, at the mouth of Manokicy Creek. The
ground, rising gradually both from the river and
the creek, affords a commanding and beautiful site
for the village. The place was settled by the
Moravians, under Count Zinzendorf, and has long
been celebrated for its excellent female school,
conducted by persons of that sect, to which many
ladies from the Middle States have resorted for
education. It contains a large stone church, in
the Gothic style of architecture, with a tower
rising from the centre surmounted by a dome. .It
is 142 feet long and 68 feet wide. In the burying
ground, which is laid out with much neatness and
















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