Bristol, N. H., Grafton co. A hilly township,
but has a good soil. Newfound Pond, 6 miles in
length, and from 2 to 3 miles in width, lies in this
town and Hebron. 30 miles N. W. from Concord.
Bristol, N. Y., Ontario co. Watered by Mud
Creek. The surface is somewhat uneven, the
soil various, some parts being very fertile. It is
about 9 miles S. W. from Canandaigua, and
232 W. from Albany.
Bristol, Pa. A township of Philadelphia co.
Watered by Tacony Creek.
Bristol, Pa., Bucks co. Township and village
on the W. bank of the Delaware River. 20 miles
N. from Philadelphia, and 115 E. by S. from
Harrisburg. The Pennsylvania Canal communi-
cates with the Delaware River by a branch to this
place, which is a great channel for the trans-
portation of coal, and various kinds of merchan-
Bristol, R. I. Port of entry and shire town of
Bristol co.; the Pocanoket of the Indians. It is
equidistant from Providence and Newport, being
15 miles from each. This town is beautifully
situated on a kind of peninsula or tongue of land
extending S. from Warren into Narraganset Bay.
The arm of the bay on the E. side, running up
towards Fall River, is called Mount Hope Bay.
It is 6 miles long, but averages less than a mile
and a half in width. On the height of land be-
tween these two bays, is Mount Hope, once the
residence of the celebrated King Philip. The
soil of this town is a deep, gravelly loam, very
fertile and productive. Great quantities of onions,
carrots, beets, and potatoes are raised here for
exportation. Most of the gardens are made to
yield two crops of different vegetables annually.
It is supposed that as many as one third of the
population are employed in horticulture.
Bristol was settled in 1680. About three
fourths of the inhabitants live in a compact and
beautiful village, which is delightfully situated at
the western border of the township, on the navi-
gable waters of the Narraganset. The site is
well elevated above the shore, and, ascending
gradually as it recedes, affords to the inhabitants
a fine' view of the lovely bosom of the bay, and
in return presents the town to those passing by
it on the water, as an object of picturesque and
quiet beauty. The main street, which extends
the whole length of the village, contains the
handsomest buildings, and is ornamented with
beautiful shade trees. On this street are the
Congregational and Episcopal houses of worship.
The other meeting houses and public buildings
are likewise pleasantly situated.
The harbor of Bristol is easy of access, safe,
and deep enough for vessels of almost any size.
The commerce of the place is much less than it
was 30 years ago, but is now on the increase.
Some large freighting ships are owned here, a
considerable number of coasting vessels are em-
ployed, and the West India trade is beginning
to be carried on quite extensively. The port of
Bristol collects as much revenue as any port in
the state, and has 13,000 tons of shipping regis-
tered or enrolled. A steamboat which plies daily
between Providence and Fall River stops at this
place. To Fall River the distance is 8 miles.
Of late years, the capitalists of Bristol have,
introduced manufacturing enterprise to consider-
able extent. There are two large cotton mills',
two planing mills,- besides saw mills and grain
mills, an iron foundery, &c., all driven by steam.
Considerable capital also is employed in ship
No place in the country, perhaps, with the ex-
ception of Newport, suffered more in the war of
the revolution than Bristol. During the three
years that Rhode Island was in possession of the
British, the town was exposed to the constant
incursions of the enemy. It was bombarded by
a British squadron in 1775. In May, 1778, the
meeting house and all the most valuable dwell-
ings were burnt.
Few places can appear more eligible than
Bristol and its environs to the inhabitants of our
crowded cities, as a retreat, in the summer
months, from the excitements, din, and heat,
which, without such annual respite, become to
them so irksome and exhausting.
Bristol County, R. I., c. h. at Bristol. E. part.
That portion of the state between the two main
branches of Narraganset Bay.
Bristol, Yt., Addison co. About one third of
this town lies entirely W. of the Green Moun-
tains, and is very level, rich, and productive. The
remainder is broken, and a considerable part in-
capable of cultivation. The village is near the
centre of the town, upon New Haven River, im-
mediately after it passes the notch in the moun-
tain. 25 miles S. W. from Montpelier, and 11
N. from Middlebury.
Broadalbin, N. Y., Fulton co. A good grazing
township. 42 miles N. W. from Albany.
Broadtop, Fa. A northern township of Bed-
Broken Straw, Pa. A central township of
Brooke County, Ya., c. h. at Wellsburg. In
the N. W. corner, between the state of Ohio and
the Ohio River. Surface uneven, and watered
by several small creeks flowing into the Ohio
River; soil fertile. Iron ore and bituminous
coal are found in this county.
■Brookfield, Ct., Fairfield co. The surface is
somewhat broken, but the soil is strong, and well
adapted to the culture of grain. The rocks in
many parts of the town are limestone, and afford
marble. The N. E. boundary is washed by the
Housatonic River, and Still River passes nearly
through its centre.
Brookfield, Ms., Worcester co., is divided into
three parishes — North, South, and West Brook-
field. The Western Railroad passes through the
entire width of the town. East Brookfield lies,
by the railroad, 64 miles W. from Boston. South
and West Brookfield lie 5 miles farther W.
Brookfield, N. II., Carroll co. Soil good. Cook's
Fond is the source of the west branch of Salmon
Falls River. 50 miles N. E. from Concord.
Brookfield, N. Y., Madison co. Unadilla River,
and some of its branches, water this town, the
surface of which is hilly. 83 miles W. from Al-
Brookfield, Fa. A N. W. township of Tioga co.
174 miles N. by W. from Harrisburg.
Brookfield, Orange co., Yt. Nearly on the
height of land between White and -Winooski Riv-
ers. Parts of it are broken; but it is mostly fit
for cultivation, and is very productive, particu-
larly in grass. It is well watered with springs
and brooks, but has no very good mill privileges.
The principal stream is the second branch of
White River. Around the bottom of a small
pond, in the W. part of the town, is an inex-
haustible quantity of marl, from which good