Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 331

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here. 12 miles N. from Charlestown, and 47
N. N. W. from Concord. A railroad from Boston
to Burlington, Yt., passes through this town,

Clarence, N. Y., Erie co. Watered by Ran-
som's and Tonawanda Creeks. Surface undu-
lating; soil adapted to the growth of grain. 16
miles N. E. from Buffalo, and 265
N. W. from

Clarendon, N. Y., Orleans co. The surface of
this town is high and broken. The soil consists
of calcareous loam. 10 miles S. E. from Albion,
and 248 N. W. from Albany.

Clarendon, Yt., Rutland co. Otter Creek passes
through the town; this, with its branches, Mill
and Cold Rivers, and Furnace Brook, supply the
town with water. The E. part of the town
borders on the Green Mountains, but the princi-
pal elevations are the range of hills between
Otter Creek and Furnace Brook, and between
the latter and Ira Brook, on the west line of the
town. The alluvial flats on Otter Creek are
very productive. The uplands are a gravelly
loam. Marble is found here. There are two small
villages, one in the eastern and the other in the
western part. Clarendon Springs, celebrated in
cutaneous and scrofulous diseases, are situated
near Furnace Brook and Clarendon Cave, on
the south-esisterly side of a mountain, in the
westerly part of the town. The healing ingre-
dient in the springs is-nitrogen in chemical com-
bination. The water is cold, transparent, and
free from any mineral taste; the supply from
the spring is abundant. It has become a fash-
ionable resort. The settlement was commenced
in 1768, by Elkanah Cook. The first settlers were
mostly from Rhode Island. 85 miles S. W. from
Montpelier, and 7 S. from Rutland. The great
southern railroad passes through this town.

Clarendon Springs, Yt., Clarendon, Rutland
co. 70 miles
S. S. W. from Montpelier. See
Clarendon, Yt.

Clarion County, Pa., c. h. at Clarion. N. cen-
tral. Watered by the Alleghany and Clarion
or Toby's Rivers and Red Bank Creek. Surface
rough, and abounding with iron on the N., but
more level and fertile on the S.

Clarion, Pa., c. h. Clarion co. Watered by
Piney, Licking, and Mill Creeks, and Laurel
Run, branches of the Clarion River. Surface
somewhat hilly; soil loamy. 184 miles W. N. W.
from Harrisburg.

Clark County, 0., c. h. at Springfield. S. W.
central. It was organized in 1818, and has a
very fertile, well-cultivated soil, abundantly sup-
plied with water by Mad River, Buck and Bea-
ver Creeks, and several springs This county is in
a very flourishing condition, and has the national
road crossing it from E. to
W. The Cincinnati
and Sandusky Railroad passes through it.

Clarksburg, Ky., c. h. Lewis co. On Salt Lick
Creek. 4 miles S. from the Ohio River, and 107
E. N. E. from Frankfort.

Clarksburg, Ms., Berkshire co. The soil is hard
and stony. About two thirds of it lie on the
Hoosic and Bald Mountains, which is cold and
rocky, but covered with valuable timber. Be-
tween the mountains the soil is good for grazing.
The town is well watered by Hoosic River and
Hudson's Brook. It was first settled by persons
of the names of Ketchum, from Long Island,
and Clark, from R. I., in 1769.    25 miles N.

from Pittsfield, and 120 W. N. W. from Boston.

Clarksburg, Va., c. h. Harrison co. On Mo-
nongahela River. 253 miles N. W. from Rich-

Clarkson, N. Y., Monroe co. On the shore of
Lake Ontario. Watered by Sandy and Little
Salmon Creeks. The surface is generally level;
the soil sandy and gravelly loam. 16 miles N.
W. from Rochester, and 233 N. W. from Al-

Clarkstown, N. Y., c. h. Rockland co. On the
W. bank of the Hudson River, and contains a
small lake, the waters of which flow into the
Hackensack River. Surface mostly hilly; soil
fertile in the valleys. 248 miles S. from Albany.

Clarksville, Aa., c. h.. Clarke co. 134 miles S.
from Tuscaloosa.

Clarksville, Ga., c. h. Habersham co. 138 miles
N. from Milledgeville.

Clarksville, N. H. Coos co. On the E. bank of
Connecticut River. The soil is hard. 156 miles
N. from Concord.

Clarksville, Ts., c. h. Red River co.

Clarksville, Te., c. h. Montgomery co. At the
junction of Red and Cumberland Rivers. 45
miles N.
W. from Nashville.

Clarke County, Aa., c. h. at Clarkesville S. W.
part of the state. In the angle formed by the
junction of the Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers.
Surface uneven; soil generally rather sterile.

Clarke County, As., c. h. at Greenville. S. W.
central. In the W. angle, at the junction of the
Washita and Little Missouri Rivers. Surface
hilly and mountainous ; soil sterile, except on the
borders of the streams.

Clarke County, Ga,, c. h. at Watkinsville. ST.
E. central. On the upper waters of the Oco-
nee River. The Athens Branch Railroad con-
nects the
N. part with Augusta.

Clarke County, Is., c. h. at Marshall. On the
E. frontier, on the Wabash. Fox and Crane
Creeks, and the N. branch of Embarrass River,
water this county.

Clarke County, la., c. h. at Charleston. On
the S. E. border. On the Ohio River. Surface
undulating, and watered by some small branches
of the Ohio.

Clarke County, Io., c. h. at Oceola. Southern paVt.

Clarke County, Ky., c. h. at Winchester. N. E.
central. The Kentucky River runs along its

Clarke County, Mi., c. h. at Quitman. On the
S. E. border. Surface mostly level, and drained
by the Chickasaw River and branches.

Clarke County, Mo., c. h. at Waterloo. In the
N. E. corner between the Mississippi and Des
Moines. Fox and Wyaconda Rivers traverse
this county.

Clarke County, On., c. h. at Columbia city.

Clarke County, Ya., c. h. at Berryville, in the
N. of the valley. The Shenandoah River waters
this county. Surface varied, having the Blue
Ridge on the E.; soil very fertile.

Clarkesville, N. Y., Alleghany co. Drained by
Dodge's Creek and some other small streams.
The surface is high and undulating, being mostly
covered with a dense pine forest. 278 miles S.
W. from Albany, and 15 from Angelica.

Clatsop County, On. At the mouth of the

Claverack, N. Y., Columbia co. Claverack
Creek waters this town. The surface is hilly in
parts, and the soil generally productive. 4 miles
E. from Hudson, and 34 S. from Albany.

Clay County, Is., c. h. at Maysville. S. E. cen-

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain image

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