Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 370

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Fayetteville, Ga., c. h. Fayette co. On a branch
of Flint River. 85 miles W. N. W. from Mil-

Fayetteville, N. C., seat of justice of Cumber-
land co. On the W. side of Cape Fear River,
at the head of uninterrupted boat navigation,
60 miles S. from Raleigh. The town is pleasantly
situated about a mile from the river, and is reg-
ularly laid out, with streets 100 feet in width.
An arsenal of construction has been established
here by the government. There is a good water
power, on which, besides the shops of the arsenal,
there are a number of cotton factories, flouring
mills, grist mills, and saw mills. It has an ac-
tive trade in grain, flour, naval stores, and tobacco.

A considerable portion of this place was de-
stroyed by fire in 1831. An appeal was made,
with much success, to the sympathies of the peo-
ple throughout the United States, and about
$90,000 were contributed for the relief of the

Fayetteville, O., Perry township, Brown co. 25
miles N. from Georgetown.

Fayetteville, Te., c. h. Lincoln co. On the N.
side of Elk River. 86 miles S. from Nashville.

Fayetteville, Vt., c. h. Windham co. In the
town of Newfane. 115 miles S. from Montpelier.

Fayetteville, Va., c. h. Fayette co. 2 miles W.
from New River, a little above its junction with
Gauley River, and 289 miles W. from Richmond.

Fayston, Vt., Washington co. Fayston is gen-
erally too mountainous to be much cultivated.
Along the borders of some of the branches of
Mad River, which rises here, is some arable land.
The town was settled in 1798, by Lynde Wait,
Esq. 16 miles W. S. W. from Montpelier, and
25 S. E. from Burlington.

Fenner, N. Y., Madison co. Watered by Chitte-
nango and Canaseraga Creeks. The surface is
undulating ; soil of good quality. 8 miles N. W.
from Morrisville, and 115 W. by N. from Albany.

Fentress County, Te., c. h. Jamestown. Bounded
N. by Kentucky, E. by Campbell co., S. by* Mor-
gan and Putnam, and W. by Overton co. Wa-
tered by Obey's River and White Oak Creek,
branches of Cumberland River.

Ferdinand, Vt., Essex co. This town was
chartered in 1761. Paul's Stream affords it a
good water power, but the land is so mountain-
ous, rocky, cold, and swampy, that people do not
choose to cultivate it.

Ferguson, Pa., Centre co. Spring Creek and
its branches water this town. Surface mountain-
ous, and abounding with iron ore; soil calcareous
loam in the valleys. 11 miles S. from Bellefonte.

Ferrisburg, Vt., Addison co. This township is
watered principally by Otter, Little Otter, and
Lewis Creeks. In Little Otter Creek are 4, and
in Lewis Creek'3 commodious falls, on which
mills and other machinery are erected. Lake
Champlain is on the western boundary. In this
township is one of the best harbors on the lake,
called Basin Harbor. The surface of the north
eastern part is somewhat hilly. The remaining

{iarts, especially the western, are remarkably
evel. No township in the state has afforded
more or better timber for market than this. The
soil is various. It is a good grazing township.
A part of this town was annexed to Panton in
1847. The first permanent settlement was made
in 1784 and 1785, by emigrants from Bennington,
in this state, and from Connecticut. 16 miles N.
W. from Middlebury, and 34 W. from Montpelier.

Fincastle, Va., c. h. Botetourt co. On the S. E.
slope of Catawba valley, 175 miles
W. from

Findlay, Pa.. Alleghany co. Watered by Mon-
ture's Run, and branches of Racoon Creek. Sur-
face hilly ; soil loam. 15 m. N. W. from Pittsburg.

Finley, 0., c. h. Hancock co.

Fishing Creek, Pa., Columbia co. Drained by
Fishing Creek. Surface mountainous; soil gravel
and clay. 101 miles N. by E. from Harrisburg.

Fishkill, N. Y., Dutchess co. This is one of
the largest and wealthiest inland towns in the
state. It is situated on the E. bank of the Hud-
son River, and drained by the Fishkill and Wap-
pinger's Creek. The surface is undulating on the
N., and on the S. hilly and mountainous. There
are several quarries of iron ore, marble, and black
lead. The soil is uncommonly fertile. 10 miles
S. from Poughkeepsie, and 88 S. from Albany.

Fishkill Landing, N. Y., in Fishkill, Dutchess
co. On the Hudson River, at the mouth of Fish-
kill Creek, 90 miles S. from Albany. A steam
ferry connects this place with Newburg, on the
opposite side of the Hudson.

Fishkill, N. Y., King's co. The surface of this
town is mostly level; the soil productive when
properly tilled. 4 miles S. E. from Brooklyn,
and 149 S. from Albany.

Fitchburg, Ms., Worcester co., was formerly a
part of Lunenburg. A large branch of the
Nashua, and two smaller streams, pass through
the town, and afford it an extensive and con-
stant water power. Over the Nashua are a
large number of dams, and the river in the
course of two miles puts in motion a number of
cotton and other factories. This is a very flour-
ishing and growing town, having received a
great impulse since the completion of the rail-
roads by which it is connected with Boston,
Worcester, Lowell, and the valley of the Con-
necticut. Near the principal village is an im-
mense quarry of excellent granite. The surface
is uneven; the soil strong and fertile. In some
parts the hills are large, high, and steep. Roll-
stone and Pearl Hills are the principal ones. 49
miles W. N. W. from Boston, and 24 N. from

Fitzwilliam, N. H., Cheshire co. Camp and
Priest Brooks are the principal streams. South
Pond, 230 rods long, and of various width ; Slip's
Pond, 200 rods long and 100 wide ; Rockwood's
Pond, and Collin's Pond, are the only natural
collections of waters. The surface is hilly; soil
rocky, and suitable for grazing and tillage. There
is very valuable meadow land found here. Near
the centre of the town is a large hill, noted for
its romantic prospect. Gap Mountain, on which
are found various stones suitable for whetstones,
lies partly in this town. First settlers. James
Reed, John Fassett, Benjamin Bigelow, and
others, in 1760.    13 miles S. E. from Keene, and

60 S. W. from Concord. The Cheshire Railroad
passes through it.

Flatbush, N. Y., King's co., L. I. 8 miles S. E.
from New York city. The seat of justice for
King's co. was here until 1832, when it was re-
moved to the city of Brooklyn. It is a small but
pleasant town, containing two churches, and an
academy of long-established reputation. The
Dutch Reformed Church is of gray stone, with
tower, bell, and spire. From its vicinity to New
I York, this is a pleasant place of resort in the
I warm season. Prospect Hill, half a mile N.

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