Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 418

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vicinity, iron works, and coal give this place
considerable trade.

Kaskaskia, Is., c. h. Randolph co. On the
river of the same name, 11 miles from its junc-
tion with the Mississippi, and 142 S. from
Springfield. This is one of the oldest 'places
in the valley of the Mississippi, having been
settled by the French in 1683. It contained as
many as 100 families when it was ceded to Great
Britain in 1763. In the early times of the coun-
try this was a place of great importance. A
more beautiful site for a town can hardly be im-
agined. It is on an extensive plain, in the centre
of a gently-sloping basin, drained by a fine navi-
gable stream, and surrounded by a country of
fertility and beauty unsurpassed. The Kaskaskia,
at this point, approaches within about 6 miles of
the Mississippi, and afterwards recedes again; so
that the territory of this town occupies a sort of
neck between the two rivers. The Roman Cath-
olics have a nunnery here, and a church, and
the inhabitants are mostly of the French descent
to this day.

Kaufman County, Ts., c. h. at Kaufman. In
the N. E. angle of the state. On the head
waters of the Sabine.

Keating, Pa., McKean co. Traversed by the
Alleghany River and its tributary, Potato Creek.
Surface hilly and uneven, with broad, fertile al-
luvial bottoms.

Keene, N. H., c. h. Cheshire co., is one of the
most flourishing towns in the state. The soil is
various and generally good. Ashuelot River has
its source in a pond in Washington, and dis-
charges itself into the Connecticut at Hins-
dale, 20 miles distant from Keene. The principal
village is situated on a flat, E. of the Ashuelot,
nearly equidistant from that and the upland. It
is particularly entitled to notice for the extent,
width, and uniform level of its streets. The
main street, extending one mile in a straight line,
is almost a perfect level, and is well ornamented
with trees. Keene has ever been an important
site for inland trade ; but since the construction
of the Cheshire Railroad, great additions to its
business must be the consequence. First set-
tlers, Jeremiah Hall, Elisha Root, Nathaniel
Rockwood, Josiah Fisher, and Nathan Blake, in
1734. From Concord, by stage, 55 miles, and
about four hours' ride from Boston by rail-

Keene, N. Y., Essex co. This large town is
watered by the E. and W. branches of the Au
Sable River, which afford immense water power,
also by Placid and several smaller lakes. The
highest peaks of the Adirondack Mountains are
in this town, Mount Marcy being elevated 5467
feet above the tide waters of the Hudson. Iron
ore is found among these mountains in great
quantities. 12 miles W. from Elizabeth, and 138
N. from Albany.

KeesviUe, N. Y., Essex and Clinton counties.
On both sides of Au Sable River, in the towns of
Au Sable and Chesterfield. 4 miles W. from
Lake Champlain. Here is an extensive water
power, on which are large manufactories of

Kelly, Pa., Union co. Buffalo Creek and its
branches water this town, the surface of which is
slightly uneven, and the soil calcareous loam. 9
miles N. from New Berlin.

Kemper County, Mi., c. h. at De Kalb. Bound-
N. by Winston and No*tubee counties, E. by

Pennsylvania, S. by Lauderdale co., and W. by
Neshoba. The Sookanitchie and a branch of
Oktibbeha River water this county.

Kendall County, Is., c. h. at Yorkville. The sur-
face is undulating, and watered by Fox River.

Kenduskeag, Me., Penobscot co. A new town,
taken from Levant in 1852. 10 miles N.
W. from

Kendall, N. Y., Orleans co. On the shore of
Lake Ontario. 250 miles
W. by N. from Albany.

Kennebec County, Me., c. h. at Augusta. South-
eastern central, extending from the Androscoggin
across the Kennebec, which flows S. through the
middle of it. Surface undulating; soil excellent.

Kennebec, Me., Kennebec co. A new town,
formed from parts of Hallowell, Augusta, Red-
field, &c., in 1850.

Kennebunk, Me., York co. On the S. W. side
of Kennebunk River, which affords some water
power. It is a port of entry, but the harbor is
barred, and its commerce, once considerable, has
greatly declined. 80 miles
S. W. from Augus-
ta, and 25
S. W. from Portland.

Kennebunk Port, Me., York co. On Kennebunk
River opposite Kennebunk, and distant from it 4
miles N. E.

Kennet, Pa., Chester co. Watered by Red Clay
Creek. Surface hilly; soil rich calcareous loam.
28 miles S. W. from Philadelphia.

Kenosha County, Wn., c. h. at Kenosha. In the
S. E. corner of the state.

Kenosha, Wn., c.h. Kenosha co. Formerly called
Southport. A flourishing place, with considera-
ble trade.

Kensington, N. H., Rockingham co. This town
has no streams of any note ; its surface is pretty
even. There is much good land fit for grazing
and tillage. It is a pleasant place, and was for-
merly a part of Hampton. 44 miles
S. E. from
Concord, and 6
S. of Exeter.

Kent, Ct., Litchfield co. First settled 1738;
incorporated 1739. This is a mountainous town-
ship, with some fine land on the banks of the
Housatonic, which passes through its western
border. Good iron ore is found here. The Hou-
satonic, calm and still, winding gracefully at the
foot of a high and rugged mountain, renders the
scenery from the neat and quiet village highly
picturesque and beautiful.

“ There is in this town,'' says Dr. Trumbull,

convincing evidence that it was a grand seat of
the native inhabitants of this country, before In-
dians, who more lately inhabited it, had any res-
idence in it. There are arrow heads, stone pots,
and a sort of knives, and various kinds of uten-
sils, frequently found by the English, of such
curious workmanship as exceeds all the skill of
any Indians since the English came into this coun-
try, and became acquainted with them. These
were not only found when the town was first set-
tled, but they are still found on the sides of Hou-
satonic River.'' 50 miles W. from Hartford.

Kent County, De., c. h. at Dover. Bounded N.
by New Castle co., E. by Delaware Bay, S. by
Sussex co., and W. by Maryland. Surface slight-
ly uneven, and drained by Jone's, Little Duck,
and Mother Kill Creeks; soil fertile.

Kent County, Md., c. h. at Chester. Bounded
N. by an arm of Chesapeake Bay, separating it
from Cecil co., E. by Delaware, S. by Chester
River, separating it from Queen Anne co., and
W. by Chesapeake Bay. Surface somewhat un-
even ; soil diversified.

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