Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 446

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town is watered by Willimantic River, and the
Natchaug and its tributaries — Mount Hope and
Renton. A larger quantity of silk is manufac-
tured here than in any other place in the United
States. This branch of industry was introduced
into the country by Dr. Aspinwall, of this place,
above 70 years since, who established the rais-
ing of silk worms in New Haven, Long Island,
and Philadelphia. 27 miles E. from Hartford.

Mansfield, La., c. h. De Soto co.

Mansfield, Ms., Bristol co., was originally the
north parish of the town of Norton. Mansfield is
watered by several branches of Taunton River.
The soil is thin, and the surface level. About
the year 1836, a mine of anthracite coal was dis-
covered here in digging a well. Among a varie-
ty of berries, which flourish in Mansfield, is the
white whortleberry, rarely known to exist in any
other place. The New Bedford and Taunton
Railroad meets the Boston and Providence Rail-
road in the centre of the town. 11 miles N. W.
from Taunton, and 24 S. from Boston.

Mansfield, N. J., Burlington co. Drained by
Black's, Craft's, and Assiscunk Creeks, branches of
the Delaware River. Along the river is a kind of
clay which makes superior fire bricks. Surface
level; soil sand, clay, and loam of good quality.
7 miles
N. from Mount Holly.

Mansfield, N. J., Warren co. Musconetcong
and Pohatcong Creeks water this town, which is
also traversed by the Morris Canal. Surface
mountainous, containing iron ore and a chalybe-
ate spring. Soil rich calcareous loam. 48 miles
N. N. W. from Trenton.

Mansfield, N. Y., Cattaraugus co. Watered
by branches of Cattaraugus Creek and of the Al-
leghany River. Surface undulating; soil sandy
loam, yielding good crops of grass and grain.
5 miles W. from Ellicottville, and 297 S. of W.
from Albany.

Mansfield, O., c. h. Richland co. Pleasantly
situated on elevated ground. 63 miles N. E.
from Columbus.

Marathon, N. Y., Cortland co. Watered by
Tioughnioga River and some of its branches.
Surface undulating
; soil sandy loam. 15 miles
E. from Otertland, and 145 W. from Albany.

Marblehead, Ms., Essex co., was originally a
part of Salem, and for some time after its settle-
ment was called Marble Harbor. It is bounded
on the N. by Salem Harbor, E. and S. by Massa-
chusetts Bay, and W. by Salem and Salem Har-
bor. The surface is exceedingly irregular and
rock}', and considerably elevated. The harbor, in
front of the town, a mile and a half long, and
half a mile wide, formed by a narrow neck at the
S. W., which separates it from Lynn Bay, and
connects the town with Great Neck, is deep and
excellent, capable of being entered at all times
by ships of the largest size, and by a breakwater,
constructed in 1845, for the protection of Little
Harbor, will be rendered a safe retreat from
storms. This harbor is protected by Fort Sew-
all, near its entrance. Marblehead has always
been noted for the enterprise of its people in the
fisheries. The village is very pleasant in summer,
and an excellent place to witness the raging of
the ocean in a storm. A railroad passes from this
town to Salem, 4 miles, and to Boston, 16 miles.

Marbletown, N. Y., Ulster co. Drained by Esopus
and Rondout Creeks, and is crossed by the Shawan-
gunk Mountain. The soil is productive. 7 miles
S. W. from Kingston, and 65 S. S. W. from Albany.

Marcellas, N. Y., Onondaga co. Drained by
Nine Mile Creek. A hilly town, with a fertile
soil. 10 miles S. W. from Syracuse, and 140 N.
of W. from Albany.

Marcy, N. Y., Oneida co. Watered by Nine
Mile Creek, a branch of the Mohawk River, which
forms its S. boundary. Surface hilly, the Hassen-
cleaver Mountain partly covering it; soil chiefly
clay and sandy loam. 6 miles N. from Utica,
and 100 miles N. W. from Albany.

Marengo County, Aa., c. h. at Linden. Bound-
ed N. by Greene, E. by Perry, Dallas, and Wil-
cox, S. by Clarke co., and W. by the Tombig-
bee River, separating it from Washington and
Sumpter counties. The Warrior River runs on
its N. W. border. Soil sterile.

Marengo, Io., c. h. Iowa co.

Marianna, Fa., c. h. Jackson co. On the W.
side of Chipola River. 77 miles W. N. W. from

Marietta, Io., c. h. Marshall co.

Marietta, O., c. h. Washington co. On both sides
of the Muskingum, at its entrance into the Ohio.
It is regularly laid out with wide streets, and neatly
and compactly built. It is the oldest town in
the state, having been laid out in 1788, and named
after the unfortunate Marie Antoinette, queen of
Louis XVI. After 50 years of very slow prog-
ress, it has recently taken a decided start, and the
arrangements for railroad communication with
Cincinnati, Wheeling, Pittsburg, Baltimore, and
Philadelphia promise to enhance its importance.
104 miles E. S. E. from Columbus, and 300 by
the river above Cincinnati.

Marietta, Pa., Lancaster co. On the N. E. bank
of Susquehanna River, above the junction of
Little Chiques Creek, and 27 miles S. E. from

Marion County, Aa., c. h. at Pikeville. Bounded
N. by Franklin co., E. by Walker, S. by Fayette
co., and W. by Mississippi. Watered by Bear
Creek, a branch of the Tennessee River, and by
Buttahatchie River and branches.

Marion, Aa., c. h. Perry co. 58 miles S. from

Marion County, As., c. h. at Yellville. Bound-
ed N. by Missouri, E. by Fulton co., S. by Searcy,
and W. by Carroll co. Drained by White River
and its branches.

Marion, As., c. h. Crittenden co. 6 miles W.
from the Mississippi River, and 140 E. N. E. from
Little Rock.

Marion County, Ca. In the N. peninsula, be-
tween the Bay of San Francisco and the Ocean.

Marion County, Fa. In the centre of the pen-

Marion County, Ga., c. h. at Tazewell. Bounded
N. by Talbot, E. by Macon, S. by Sumpter and
Stewart, and W. by Muscogee co. Drained by
branches of Flint River.

Marion, Ga., c. h. Twiggs co. 41 miles S. S.
W. from Milledgeville.

Marion County, Is., c. h. at Salem. Incorpo-
rated in 1823; and is bounded N. by Fayette,
E. by Clay and Wayne, S. by Jefferson, and W.
by Washington, Clinton, and Fayette countieg.
Watered by Kaskaskia River and branches, and
the Skillet Fork of Little Wabash River. A
large part of the surface is prairie land.

Marion, Is., c. h. Williamson co. 172 miles
S. S. E. from Springfield.

Marion County, la., c. h. at Indianapolis.
Bounded N. by Boone and Hamilton counties,

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain

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