Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 484

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side of Erench Broad Eiver. 232 miles E. by S.
from Nashville.

Newport, Yt., Orleans co. Newport is sepa-
rated from Derby by Memphremagog Lake, and
is watered by a branch of Missisco Eiver. The
settlement was begun before the year 1800.    10

miles N. from Irasburg, and 52 N. E. from Mont-

New Portland, Me., Eranklin co. This town
is finely watered by two branches of Seven Mile
Brook. This is one of the finest farming towns
in the county. This town has a pleasant village,
a number of saw mills and other manufactories.
It lies 48 miles N. N. W. from Augusta, and
18 N. by E. from Earmington. Incorporated

New Providence, N. J., Essex co. Hilly and
mountainous on the W.; soil red shale and clay
loam. 13 miles S. W. from Newark, and 56 N.
E. by N. from Trenton.

New Richmond, 0., Ohio township, Clermont
co. In 1814 this town was laid out, and in 1828
incorporated. It is located on an extensive tract
of bottom land, on the northern bank of the Ohio
Eiver, just above the mouth of Muddy Creek.
It is a thriving town, and the land around it is
well improved. 20 miles S. E. from Cincinnati,
and 106 S. W. from Columbus.

New Rochelle, N. Y., Westchester co. This
town is washed on the S. by Long Island Sound.
The surface is chiefly level; soil clay loam, fa-
vorable to the growth of grass. 8 miles S. from
White Plains, and 140 S. from Albany.

Newry, Me., Oxford co. A branch of Andros-
coggin Eiver waters this town, and affords it
good mill privileges. It lies 63 miles W. from
Augusta, and 25 N. W. from Paris. Incorpo-
rated 1805.

New Salem, Ms., Eranklin co. This town is
elevated, and some parts of it are mountainous;
but the surface and soil are generally well adapt-
ed to agricultural purposes, particularly for
grazing. It is well watered by Miller's Eiver on
the N., and a fine mill stream, the head waters
of Swift Eiver, rises in a pond in the town, and
passes through it. The town comprises two
handsome villages, and some pleasant ponds.
17 miles E. S. E. from Greenfield, and 70 W. by
N. from Boston.

New Scotland, N.. Y., Albany co. Coeyman's
Creek and a branch of the Normanskill water
this town. Surface hilly; soil chiefly sand and
clay, based upon slate and limestone. 8 miles
W. from Albany.

New Sewickly, Pa., Beaver co. Big Beaver
Eiver has falls in this town, which afford exten-
sive water power. The surface is hilly; soil
loamy. 5 miles E. from Beaver.

New Sharon, Me., Eranklin co. This town is
watered on the N.
W. side by Sandy Eiver, and
is bounded N. by Industry, E. by Mercer, S. by
Vienna, and
W. by Earmington. The soil is
admirably adapted to agricultural purposes.

New Shoreham, E. I., Newport co. This town
comprises the Island of Block Island. The island
lies in the open sea. It is about 8 miles in length,
and varies from 2 to 4 in width. It has several
ponds, which cover about a seventh part of the
island. The surface of the town is uneven, in
some parts elevated; the soil is a sandy, gravelly
loam, and quite productive. The island was
once famous for its cattle and good dairies. The
people are mostly fishermen; they have no har-
bor, and peat is their only fuel. Its Indian name

Newstead, N. Y., Erie co. Watered by Elli-
cott's and some branches of Tonawanda Creek.
Surface slightly uneven; soil calcareous and
gravelly loam. 20 miles N. E. from Buffalo, and
264 W. from Albany.

Newton, Aa., c. h. Dale co.

Newton County, As. In the N. W. angle of
the state, on the height of land between the
waters of the White Eiver and the Arkansas.

Newton County, Ga., c. h. at Covington. Bound-
ed N. E. by Walton co., S. E. by Jasper co., S.
and S. W. by Yellow and Alcopatchee Eivers,
separating it from Butts and Henry counties,
and N. W. by De Kalb and Gwinnett counties.

Newton, Ga., c. h. Baker co.

Newton, Is., c. h. Jasper co. On the W. side of
Embarrass Eiver. 130 miles S. E. from Spring-

Newton, Ms., Middlesex co. This is a beauti-
ful town, encircled by Charles Eiver on the N.,
W., and S., and bounded on the E. by Brighton
and Brookline. It was at first a part of Cam-
bridge, and at its incorporation it adopted the
old name of that venerable town, which it has
never disgraced. This is the celebrated
of the Indians, a hallowed spot, where the
red men of the forest first listened to the teach-
ings of Christianity in New England, and where
was erected for their use the first house of pray-
er. There are 2 falls on Charles Eiver, in this
town, of considerable extent and great value,
called Upper and Lower Falls, about 2 miles
apart. At these falls are beautiful manufactur-
ing villages. The village at the Lower Falls is
partly in Needham. It is a singular fact, that
such is the winding of the river, that the Lower
Falls are farther from its mouth and the city
than the Upper Falls. The soil is good and
highly cultivated; the surface is varied. In this
town is an academy and a normal school. No-
nantum Hill, in Newton, commands some of the
most delightful scenery in the vicinity of Boston.
The Newton Theological Institution (Baptist) is
located at Newton Centre village. The Worces-
ter Eailroad connects the various villages with
Boston. Distant from Newton Corner, 7 miles ;
from West Newton, 9 miles. Newtonville lies
between the two.

Newton County, Mi., c. h. at Decatur. Bound-
ed N. by Neshoba co., E. by Lauderdale, S. by
Jasper, and W. by Scott co. Drained by the
head branches of Chickasawha, Leaf, and a trib-
utary of Pearl Eiver.

Newton County, Mo., c. h. at Neosho. Bounded
N. by Jasper co., E. by Lawrence and Barry coun-
ties, S. by Arkansas, and W. by Indian Territory.
Drained by tributaries of Neosho Eiver.

Newton, N. C., c. h. Catawba co.

Newton, N. J., Gloucester co. This is a level
town, watered by Coopers and Newton Creeks.
Soil sandy. Situated 6 miles N. E. from Wood-

Newton, N. J., c. h. Sussex co. Watered
by the Paulinkill. Its surface is level in the
centre, but elsewhere hilly. 70 miles N. from

Newton, Pa., Delaware co. Crum and Darby
Creeks water this town, the surface of which
is hilly, and the soil loamy.

Newton, Pa., Cumberland co. Big Pond lies
on the
W. border of this town, and its outlet,

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain image

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