Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 491

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Page 490 ...Page 492

Note: Ctrl and + increases the font size of the text below, Ctrl and - decreases it, and Ctrl and 0 resets it to default size.


supporting a pediment with a niche in the centre
filled with the statue of St. Paul. The spire of
this church rises, with graceful proportions, to
the height of 200 feet. Beneath the portico is a
monument, erected by order of Congress, to the
memory of General Montgomery, under which
his remains were deposited in 1819 ; and in the
adjoining cemetery, a few feet from Broadway,
stands an obelisk which commemorates the tal-
ents and fame of Emmet, the Irish barrister.
The new building recently erected by Trinity
Church on Broadway, opposite Wall Street, may
be regarded as the finest specimen of pure Gothic
architecture in the United States. This edifice
is the third in succession which this church has
erected upon the same site; the first having been
burned in the great fire of 1776, and the second
having been taken down in 1839, to give place
to the present magnificent structure. It is con-
structed throughout, even to its minutest details,
of a lightish brown sandstone, finely hammered,
and, in its tracery and ornament of every descrip-
tion, elaborately and delicately wrought. It is 189
feet long, 84 feet wide, and 64 feet high, to the
eaves of the clear story. It is without galleries,
and superbly finished within. The height of the
tower and spire is 264 feet. Access may readily
be had to this lofty tower, for the prospect it
affords, which is one of the most splendid pan-
oramic views to be had on the whole continent.
Erom a great height, but entirely secure and at his
ease, the beholder sees this vast city, full of life
and animation, as it were at his feet, while in every
direction, as far as the eye can reach, the harbor,
with its shipping, the islands, the rivers, the coun-
try, the cities and villages, and boundless ocean,
are spread out before him in all the attractions
with which nature, art, and luxury have invested
them. The tower of this church contains a
chime of bells. This beautiful building, erected
at a cost of nearly $400,000, will seat only
about 800 persons.

St. John's Chapel, also built with the funds of
Trinity Church, and beautifully situated on Vax--
rick Street, fronting St. John's Park, is one of the
most costly church edifices in New Yoi'k, “ more
than $200,000 having been expended upon it.'' It
has an elegant spire 220 feet in height, and a
splendid portico in front of 4 Corinthian columns.
There are other Episcopal churches in the upper
part of the city, which are among its handsomest
specimens of architecture. The houses of wor-
slxip erected by the other denominations are gen-
erally plainer and less expensive. But there are
among them many costly and beautiful struc-
tures. The Scotch Presbyterian Church on Grand
Street is a stone building, with a fine Ionic porti-
co of 6 stone columns, erected, it is said, at a cost
of $114,000. The Duane Street Church has an
imposing Ionic portico. The building of the First
Baptist Church, on Broome Street, is a fine stone
edifice, of Gothic architecture. It has two oc-
tagonal towers on the front corners, with an im-
mense window between them, 22 feet wide and
41 feet high. The interior is very imposing.
The Reformed Dutch Church, on Washington
Square, is a large Gothic structure, finished with
great costliness and beauty. The new house of
worship, erected by the Collegiate Reformed
Dutch church on the corner of Lafayette Place
and Fourth Street, has a most beautiful Ionic
portico and spire. It is in the form and propor-
tions of a Grecian temple, and about 100 feet in
length. It is built of the eastern granite. St. Pe-
ter's, Roman Catholic Church, on Barclay Street,
has a very imposing Ionic portico, of 6 gi-anite
columns, with a statue of St. Peter occupying a
niche in the pediment. The French Protestant
Church, on Franklin Street, is built of white mar-
ble, and has a fine portico, with a double range of
marble Ionic columns. The Presbyterians, on Mei--
cer Street, and the Congregationalists, on Union
Place,, have beautiful houses of worship. Besides
these there are many othex's in the city, which we
canxxot here describe, which will not fail to at-
tract the attention of the admirers of handsome

New Yox'k contains many large and splendid
hotels. One of the most spacious and elegant of
these is the Astor House, on Broadway, opposite
the Park. This great hotel, furnished with a
magnificence and taste corresponding to the sim-
ple grandeur of the stx-ucture, is, with the excep-
tion of one other in New York, the largest in the
country, if not in the world. It was erected
by the late John Jacob Astoi', at an expense,
including the ground, of
$750,000. It is built
of the Quincy granite,
5 stories high, with a
front of
201 feet on Broadway, 146 on Vesey
Street, and
154 on Barclay Street. It contains
upwards of
300 rooms. The dining hall is 108
feet in length. The American Hotel is a large
house, also opposite the Park. The Irving
House, at the corner of Broadway and Chamber
Street, is among the most elegant and fashionable
of the hotels. Several are conducted on the Eu-
ropean plan, affording rooms to their guests,
with meals or not, as they may wish. Such are
Libby's and Tammany Hall, near the Park, Del-
monico's, near the Battery, and Florence's, in
Broadway. ' We can do little more than to name
a few of the principal hotels, in addition to those
which have been mentioned. The United States,
at the corner of Pearl and Fulton Streets, is con-
structed of stone, 6 stories high. Howard's Ho-
tel is at the corner of Maiden Lane and Broad-
way. The Merehants, Rochester, Western, and
National Hotels, are all in Courtland Street:
Rathbun's Hotel is on Broadway, between Court-
land and Liberty Streets. The Pacific Hotel is
in Greenwich Street, convenient to the boats
arriving and departing upon the North River.
The New York Hotel, high up Broadway, is
more retired, but eligibly situated. More re-
cently opened, and exceeding evex-y other in size
and splendor, is the new Metropolitan Hotel,
situated towards the upper part of the city, on
the spot formerly known as “Niblo's Garden.''
This stupendous structure fronts on Broadway,
Prince, and Crosby Streets, having a front, all
together-, of
600 feet. It is 6 stories high, built
of fine brown freestone, with heavily-carved cor-
nices over the almost innumerable windows. It
stands on the highest ground in the city, and is
a most noble and imposing edifice. To give an
idea of the magnitude of the establishmexxt, it
may be stated that it contains over
500 rooms,
over 100 of which are suits of rooms; being sup-
plied throughout with gas, with hot and cold
water, steam. &c., through a service, in the aggre-
gate, of more than five miles of pipes. It con-
tains one mile of elegantly painted halls and pas-
sages. Its
550 mirrors, to say nothing of its
other furniture, cost
$15,000. Two of the largest
of these, at each end of the great dining hall,
cover within a fx-action of 100 square feet each.

This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.