Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 502

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here. The celebrated Dr. Priestley, the philoso-
pher and theologian, spent the last ten years of
his life in Northumberland. He died here Feb-
ruary 6, 1804, in his 71st year. With him also
came from England Dr. Thomas Cooper, who,
after residing here some time, went south, and
became distinguished as a politician, philosopher,
and political economist.

Northumberland County, Va., c. h. at Heaths-
ville. Bounded N. by the Potomac River, E. by
Chesapeake Bay, and S. and W. by Lancaster,
Richmond, and Westmoreland counties. Drained
by branches of Potomac River, and by Wico-
mico River, a tributary of Chesapeake Bay.

Northville, Mn., Wayne co. On the W. side
of the W. branch of Rouge River, at the mouth
of the outlet of Walled Lake, and 28 miles
W. N. W. from Detroit. It has extensive water
power, which is improved for flouring mills, iron
works, &c.

North Whitehall, Pa., Lehigh co. Coply and
Jordan Creeks, and some small branches of Le-
high River, water this town. Surface level; soil
rich calcareous loam. 95 miles E. N. E. from

Northwood, N. H., Rockingham co. There are
a number of ponds in this town, and excellent
fishing. Suncook Pond, 780 rods long, 100
wide; Jenness's, 300 rods long, 50 wide; Har-
vey's, 200 rods long, from 40 to 80 wide; a part
of Great Bow Pond is also in this town, and a
part of North River Pond, Pleasant Pond, and
Little Bow Pond. The N. branch of Lamprey
River has its rise in this town, near Saddleback
Mountain, a high ridge between this town and
Deerfield. On the E. side of this ridge are found
crystals and crystalline spars of various colors
and sizes. This town has an elevated site. The
soil is generally moist, and well suited to grazing.
Northwood was originally a part of Nottingham.
First settlers, Moses Godfrey, and John and In-
crease Batchelder, from Northampton, in 1763.
20 miles E. from Concord, and 20 N. W. from

North Yarmouth, Me., Cumberland co. On
Casco Bay and the Atlantic and St. Lawrence
Railroad. See

Norton, Ms., Bristol co. 'Before its incorpora-
tion, this town was the N. part of Taunton. It
began to be settled in 1670. Among its first
settlers was George Leonard, Esq. He discov-
ered iron ore in the town, and there being a
number of good streams, branches of the Taun-
ton, whereon could be erected extensive iron
works, he commenced the business. By him and
his posterity it has been continued to the present
day. The surface is pleasantly diversified, but
the soil is not of the first quality. The village
is pleasant, and remarkably healthy. About 3
miles to the eastward of it is Winnicunnet Pond,
a handsome sheet of water. There is a literary
seminary in this town for the education of young
ladies. The New Bedford and Taunton Rail-
road passes through the town. 28 miles from
Boston, and 27 from New Bedford.

Norton, Vt., Essex co. An uninhabited town-
ship in the N. W. .corner of the county. The
land is said to be good, and well timbered, con-
siderable tracts of it with pine. The charter of
the township was burned, and it is difficult get-
ting a valid title to the lands. There are 2
considerable ponds lying partly in the town.
The outlet of Norton Pond is the head branch
of Coatocook River. Farrand's River also heads
here, and runs S.

Norwalk, Ct., Fairfield co. This pleasant town
lies on Long Island Sound. It originally included
part of the present towns of New Canaan and
Wilton, and part of Westport. For this tract the
following articles were given, viz.: u 8 fathom
wampum, 6 coats, 10 hatchets, 10 hoes, 10 knives,
10 scissors, 10 jewsharps, 10 fathom tobacco, 3
kettles, 3 hands-about, and 10 looking glasses.''
The following articles were given to the Indians
for the tract “ from Norwalk River to Five Mile
River, from sea, Indian one day in country,''
viz.: “ 10 fathom wampum, 3 hatchets, 3 hoes
when ships come, 6 glasses. 12 tobacco pipes, 3
knives, 10 drillers, 10 needles.'' The name of
Norwalk is derived from the above bargain, viz.:
the northern bounds of the lands purchased were
to extend from the sea one day's “
north walk ''
into the country.

The soil in this town is excellent; the surface
is uneven, being pleasantly diversified with hills
and valleys. On the border of the sound the
hills are generally moderate, and in the interior
more elevated.

“ The valley, which lies along Norwalk River,
and in which the town is built, is beautiful.''
Norwalk contains 2 considerable and flourish-
ing villages — Norwalk Borough and the village
of Old Well. The borough is built on both sides
of a small river or creek, which is much con-
tracted in width at the bridge which connects the
two parts of the village; and the buildings on
each side of the stream are so near each other,
that the passage of the river from the N. is not
readily perceived at a short distance. Vessels
drawing 6 feet of water can get up to the bridge
in the most compact part of the borough.

The flourishing village of Old Well is situ-
ated about l£ miles S. of the central part of Nor-
walk Borough, on the W. side of the creek. This
is the principal landing-place for steamboats
for Norwalk and the vicinity, there being
a daily line from and to New York. A boat
every other day leaves Norwalk Bridge for New
York. 32 miles from New Haven by railroad.

Norwalk, O., c. h. Huron co. 100 miles N. by
E. from Columbus.

Norway, Me., Oxford co. A fertile township.
47 miles W. by S. from Augusta.

Norway, N. Y., Herkimer co. Some tributa-
ries of West Canada Creek water this town, the
surface of which is elevated and hilly ; soil sandy
loam and clay. 14 miles N. from Herkimer, and
79 N. W. from Albany.

Norwegian, Pa., Schuylkill co. Watered by
the Schuylkill and its tributaries. This is a hilly
and mountainous town, and the centre of an
important coal region.

Norwich, Ct. One of the shire towns of New
London co. Norwich city is situated at the head
of navigation of Thames River, at the point of
land formed by the junction of the Shetucket and
Yantic Rivers, whose united waters constitute
the Thames. The main part of the city is built
on the southern declivity of a high and rocky
hill; the houses are built in tiers, rising one above
another. The city, as it is approached from the
south, presents one of the most beautiful, interest-
ing, and romantic prospects in the state. There
are in this city (or, as it was formerly called,
Chelsea or Norwich Landing) a court house and
town hall, a high school for boys, and a female

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