Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 568

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is washed on the W. by the Escambia, and
drained by tributaries of Pensacola Bay.

Saquoit, N. Y., Oneida co. On both sides of
Sadaquada or Saquoit Creek, 90 miles W. N. W.
from Albany. It contains an inflammable sul-
phur spring, yielding gas sufficient to light build-

Sarahsville, 0., Noble township, Morgan co. It
lies near the Buffalo Fork of Wills Creek. 89
miles from Columbus, and 28 from McConnels-

Saranac, N. Y., Clinton co. The Saranac Riv-
er waters this town, flowing through a valley of
considerable size and fertility. Surface chiefly
hilly and mountainous, abounding in iron ore. 15
miles W. from Plattsburg, and 180 N. from Al-

Saratoga County, N. Y., c. h. at Milton. Formed
from Albany co., in 1791. It is bounded N. by
Warren co., E. by the Hudson River, S. by Al-
bany and Schenectady, and W. by Fulton and
Herkimer counties. Watered by Mohawk and
Sacandaga Rivers, Kayaderosseras and Fish
Creeks, and Saratoga, Ballston, and Round Lakes.
The Palmertown and Kayaderosseras Mountains
cover the N. W. part of this county ; the rest of
the surface is undulating and hilly, interspersed
with sandy plains. Soil of various qualities,
being chiefly composed of sandy or gravelly loam
and clay. The mineral waters of this county are
unrivalled, and the description of them will be
found under the appropriate head. Agate and
chalcedony are found in the vicinity of Saratoga
Springs, and there are several localities of marl
and bog iron ore. The Saratoga and Schenectady
and the Rensselaer and Saratoga Railroads cross
this county, along the E. and S. borders of which
extends the Champlain Canal.

Saratoga, N. Y., Saratoga co. Bounded on the
E. by the Hudson River, W. by Saratoga Lake,
and watered by Fish Creek, connecting the two :
the Champlain Canal also passes parallel to the
river through this town. Surface uneven, and
soil gravelly loam, with the exception of some
rich alluvial flats bordering the Hudson. It was
in this town that General Burgoyne surrendered
to the American army, October 17,1777. 10 miles
N. E. from Ballston Spa, and 34 N. from Al-

Saratoga Springs, N. Y., Saratoga co. This
town is watered by Ellis's Creek and some other
small tributaries of Kayaderosseras Creek, which
bounds it on the S. Surface hilly on the N. E.,
and chiefly level elsewhere ; soil light sandy loam.
For an account of the celebrated mineral springs
in this town, see
Fashionable Resorts.

Sardinia, N. Y., Erie co. Bounded on the S.
by Cattaraugus Creek. A hilly town, with a soil
well suited to grass. 28 miles S. E. from Buffalo,
and 274 W. from Albany.

Sarecto, N. C., c. h. Duplin co. About 50 miles
N. from Wilmington.

Saugerties, N. Y., Ulster eo. Watered by
Platterkill and Esopus Creeks, flowing into the
Hudson, which bounds it on the E. The W.
part is covered by the Catskill Mountains, but
the E. is more level, and the soil good. 10 miles
N. from Kingston, and 46 S. from Alhany.

Saugus, Ms., Essex co. This town formed the
W. parish of Lynn until 1815, when it was in-
corporated, and received the name of Saugus, the
old Indian name of Lynn, and of the river that
passes through the town. Most of the land on
the river is excellent and well cultivated. There
are large tracts of salt meadow towards the sea,
so large as to form one seventh part of the area
of the town. The land back from the river is
rough, and much of it covered with wood. Saugus
River winds delightfully through the meadows,
and makes a very picturesque appearance. 6
miles S. W. from Salem, and about the same
distance N. from Boston.















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Sauk County, Wn., c. h. at Prairie du Sac.
Bounded N. and E. by Portage co., S. by Wiscon-
sin River, separating it from Dane and Iowa
counties, and W. by Richland co. Drained by
Baraboa and other tributaries of Wisconsin River,

Sault de Sainte Marie. This village is situated
upon the borders of Saint Mary's River, at the
falls of Ste. Marie, and is an old Jesuit missionary
station of the early French settlers of this country,
and was occupied by them from 1626 until the
cession of the French possessions in North Amer-
ica to Great Britain. It is a famous fishing sta-
tion, immense quantities of white fish being
caught and salted there for the markets of the

The American Fur Company have long had
their factory there, and it is now one of the most
important forwarding places for transportation
of supplies to the miners on the shores of Lake
Superior, and for transmission of cargoes of cop-
per from the mines to the cities upon our sea-

The Falls of St. Mary are merely rapids, there
being only a fall of 20 feet in a mile. Boats
easily and safely pass down these rapids, and
there has been a single instance of a sail boat
passing up the falls under a heavy press of sail.

Brook trout of the finest flavor and of large
size are caught in great abundance in these rapids.
White fish are taken by the Indians, by means of
spears and scoop nets, directly under the falls.

It is proposed to cut a ship canal, at the ex-
pense of the United States government, so that
the navigation of the lower lakes may pass readily
by these falls into Lake Superior, and an appro-
priation has been made by Congress for this im-
portant work. The proposed canal will be only
one mile long, and must be carried out into the
lake above nearly half a mile in order to enable
ships to enter it, and a secure sea w'all will have
to be built to prevent the surf and the ice from
damaging the locks of the canal. The rocks are
soft red and gray sandstone, and a canal may be
cut in it with nearly as much ease as in earth or
hard soil. Owing to the vast increase of busi-
ness on Lake Superior, and the importance of the
mines of that region, it seems highly desirable
that the government should hasten to construct
the ship canal at this place, and thus open the
vast regions of Lake Superior and of the country
between that lake and the River Mississippi for

The climate of the Sault Ste. Marie is mild and
cool in summer, but very cold in winter, the ther-
mometer sinking to the freezing point of mercury
in the coldest weather.

There is an old fort at this place, where the
United States government occasionally quarters
a few companies of troops ; but the day has long
since past when their aid would have been re-
quired for the protection of the inhabitants from
Indian depredations, the aborigines being far from
hostile to the white people living among them.

It is difficult to say what is the present popular

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