Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 591

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Page 590 ...Page 592

Note: Ctrl and + increases the font size of the text below, Ctrl and - decreases it, and Ctrl and 0 resets it to default size.


N. E., Atlantic Ocean E., Worcester co., Md.,

S., Somerset co., Md., S. W., Dorchester and
Caroline counties, Md., and Kent co., De., N.
Part of the surface is marshy, but it is generally
level. The soil is mostly of a middling qual-
ity, though some parts are sandy. The wa-
ters flow from the centre of the county in
opposite directions. Nanticoke drains its west-
ern side. Pocomoke has its source near its south-
ern limits; Indian River, interlocking sources
with both the preceding, flows into the Atlantic
Ocean, and Cold Spring, Broadkill, Prunehook,
Slaughter, Cedar, and Mispillan Creeks enter the
Bay of Delaware.

Sussex County, N. J., is bounded N. E. by
Orange co., N. Y., N. W. by Delaware River,
opposite Pike co., Pa., S. E. by Passaic and
Morris, N. J., and S. W. by Warren. Most of the
land is hilly, and some mountainous, though
in the N. E. section the flat and marshy bot-
toms of the Wallkill cover a considerable space.
The climate of Sussex differs from that of the
adjacent counties, on account of its superior
elevation. The extreme western sources of
the Passaic are in this county. From it also
flow S. W., towards the Delaware, the Muscone-
cung, Pequest, Flatkill, and Pauling's Creeks, and
those of the Wallkill N. W. towards the Hudson.
This county has a great variety of soil, from the
most fertile alluvion to very barren mountain. The
valleys of the creeks, particularly those flowing
.towards the Delaware, afford very fine meadow,
orchard, and grain lands.

Sussex County, Ya., c. h. at Hunting. This
county has Surry on the N. E., Dinwiddie and
Prince George N. W., Greenville S. AY., and
Southampton S. E. The Nottaway River and
its confluents drain more than four fifths of the
surface. The N. E. section is also watered by
Black Water River.

Sussex, Ya., c. h. Sussex co.

Sutter County, Ca. On the E. side of Sacra-
mento, and on both sides of Feather River.

Sutton, Ms., Worcester co., was purchased of
the Indians about the year 1704. This is a pleas-
ant town, watered by the Blackstone River, and
the Blackstone Canal passes on the northern bor-
der. The township is generally hilly, though of
good soil. There are a number of neat and
handsome villages in the town, that near the cen-
tre, Wilkinsonville, at the N. part of the town,
and Manchaug, at the S., are the principal.
There are a number of beautiful ponds in Sutton,
and a great curiosity called “ Purgatory Cavern.''
8 miles S. by E. from Worcester by railroad, and
43 W. S. AY. from Boston.

Sutton, N. H., Merrimae co. Three branches
of Warner River, and a large branch of Black
Water River, supply this town with vrater. On
the margin of the* last stream is .Some rich
meadow and intervale land. There are several
ponds here: the most important are Long and
Kesar's ; the last is 190 rods square. Kearsarge
Mountain extends more than half the length of
Sutton, on the E. side. King's Hill is situated
on the W. part of Sutton. On the most elevated
part of this hill there is one of the most extensive
landscape views in the country. Sutton was
called Perry's-town from Obadiah Perry, one of
its principal proprietors. On the W. bank of
Kesar's Pond were found Indian hearths of stone
laid with skill and ingenuity, also several Indian
implements. This town has almost every variety
of soil, and although the surface is uneven, it
produces all the grains and grasses common to
the country. 23 miles W. N. W. from Con-
















cm j










0 1

1 1

2 1

3 1

Sutton, Vt., Caledonia co. Sutton is watered
by two considerable branches, which unite near
the S. line of Burke, and join the Passumpsie
River in Lyndon. There are several ponds,
of which Fish Pond is the largest. It covers
about 200 acres. The surface of Sutton is gener-
ally even, and considerable tracts of it are so low
and wet as to be incapable of cultivation. There
are several bogs of marl in this town. The set-
tlement of Sutton was commenced about the year
17 91, by a Mr. Haekett, who was soon after joined
by other families from Rhode Island and Con-
necticut. 21 miles N. from Danville, and 51 N
E. from Montpelier.

Swainsboro', Ga., c. h. Emanuel co. Near Can-
nouchee River. 98 miles N. W. from Savannah,
and 96 S. E. by E. from Milledgeville.

Swampscot, Ms., Essex co. A new town. A
fishing village taken from the N.E. part of Lynn.

Swan Quarter, N. C., c. h. Hyde co. 203 miles
E. by S. from Raleigh.

Swansea, Ms., Bristol co. The Indian name of
this place was
Pockanocket. Between Lee's and
Cole's Rivers lies Mattapoiset Neck, at the head
of which is Swansea village, a place of consider-
able trade and navigation. This town is favored
with good navigable waters, and an hydraulic
power. This town will be memorable on account
of its being the place where the first English
blood was shed in King Philip's war. 1 mile N.
W. from Fall River, and 48 miles S. from Boston.

Swanton, Vt., Franklin co. This township is sit-
uated on the E. side of Lake Champlain. Missis-
co River passes through Swanton, and fertilizes a
considerable portion of its territory. This river is
navigable for lake vessels to Swanton Falls, 6
miles from its mouth. These falls descend 20
feet, and, with other smaller streams, give to Swan-
ten a water power of great value. Bog iron ore,
and an abundance of beautiful marble, are found
in this town. The surface and soil are favorable
to agricultural pursuits, with the exception of a
part bordering the lake. The village of Swanton
is pleasantly located, and may boast of the purity
of its air and water. The first permanent settlers
here were John Hiliker and family, about the year
1787. 50 miles N. AY. from Montpelier, and 30
N. from Burlington by railroad.

Swanville, Me., AYaldo co. This town lies 8
miles N. from Belfast, and 46 E. by N. from Au-
gusta. It was incorporated in 1818. It is watered
by Paasaggassawakeag Lake and Eiver, and pos-
sesses a pleasant surface and fertile soil.

Swanzey, N. H., Cheshire co. The principal
streams in this town are the Ashuelot and the
South Branch Rivers. The surface is diversified
with hills, valleys, and swells of upland. There
is one pond in the S. AY. part, the source of the
South Branch. There is a mineral spring, the
water of which is impregnated with sulphate of
iron. 6 miles S. from Keene, and 60 S. AY.from

Sweet Springs, Ya., Monroe co. The medicinal
virtues of these waters attract yearly a large com-
pany of valetudinarians. The village is 43 miles
S. AY. from Bath court house, and 93 in the same
course from Staunton.

Sweden, Me., Oxford co. The waters from Ke-
zer pond in Lovell, pass through this town, and

This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.