Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 647

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this, Dr. C. T. Jackson, of Boston, in his work
on the Geology of New Hampshire, thus speaks:

“ The Flume is a deep chasm, having mural
precipices of granite on each side, while a moun-
tain torrent rushes through its midst, falling over
precipitous crags and loose masses of rock.
During the freshets of the spring season, and in
early summer, it is not practicable to walk in the
bed of the Flume. But in the driest season of
the year, there is but little water in it, and the
bottom of the ravine affords a good foot path.

“ The direction of this rocky fisure is N. 80°
E., and it appears to have resulted, not from the
abrasion of the rocks by the action of running
water, but to have been produced originally by
a fracture of the uplifted rocks. The walls of
the chasm on either hand exhibit proofs in favor
of this opinion; for they are not water worn, but
present surfaces of fracture, and the projecting
ledges on each side are still comparatively sharp,
and well defined in their outlines.

“ One of the most remarkable objects in the
Flume is an immense rounded block of granite,
which hangs overhead, supported merely by
small surfaces of contact against its sides. It
appears to the traveller looking at it from below
as if ready to fall upon him.''

This Notch, in a remarkable manner, resembles
the Great Notch, in its leading natural character-
istics. Like that, it forms an extraordinary nat-
ural avenue for a road, which connects the region
of the upper Connecticut Biver with the seaboard.
In the same manner, also, it has its river, taking
its rise from a pond, called Ferrin's Pond, near
the head of the Notch, and rapidly increasing as
it flows onward, receiving perennial supplies from
the mountain sides, and often swollen to a mad-
dening torrent, by the rains which fall upon their
broad and steep declivities. This river is the
most N. branch of the Pemigewasset; and uniting
with two other branches, from the E. and W., in
the N. part of the town of Woodstock, forms
one of the principal sources of the Merrimack,
which, after performing such wonders of pro-
ductive industry at Manchester, Lowell, Andover,
and Lawrence, falls into the ocean at Newbury-

Travellers visiting the White Mountains by
this route proceed by railroad from Boston to
Concord, N. H., 76 miles ; thence by railroad to
Plymouth, 51 miles; thence up the valley of the
Pemigewasset, by railroad and stage to the
, 24 miles; thence through the Notch, by
the Old Man of the Mountain, to the
, 5 miles farther; in all, 153 miles from
Boston. From this the distance to
White Mountain House
, via Bethlem, is 16 miles.
From the Lafayette House N. to Littleton is 12


This remarkable pile of rocks gives its name
to the mountain summit, upon the top of which
it is seen. They are situated in the mountainous
part of Burke co., amidst wild and romantic
scenery. The pile consists of two rocks, of dif-
ferent form and character, so poised as to stand
firmly upon an exceedingly small base. The
first or lower section, composed of a brittle slate
stone, is in the form of the half of an inverted
pyramid. Its truncated top, which, by its invert-
ed position, becomes the base, upon which the
whole is supported, is only 4 feet in diameter.

The centre of gravity to this part of the pile,
would fall much without the base upon which it
rests, were it not most accurately balanced in its
position by the second or superincumbent rock,
which is a table of mountain granite, 32 feet in
length, 18 in breadth, and 2 feet thick, resting
horizontally upon the other with a sufficient ex-
cess of its projection and weight, opposite to the
preponderance of the inverted pyramid beneath,
to produce a perfect counterpoise. The form and
outline of this upper rock is as remarkable as that
of the other, being as true in the proportions above
given as if it had come from the hand of an artist.
The lower section is about 29 feet high, which,
being increased by the thickness of the upper sec-
tion, makes the entire altitude 31 feet.

A visitor to this curious freak of nature re-
marks that “ within the presence of this strange
pile, the predominant feeling, after that of admi-
ration, is fear. An attempt to reason one's self
into a feeling of conscious security is utterly fu-
tile. The argument that it has stood there per-
haps for thousands of years, amid the raging
winds and rocking earth, is met and opposed by
the ocular fact of its standing before you almost
upon nothing; and, approach it at what point
you will, it appears leaning towards you.''

As these rocks stand upon the summit of the
mountain, they can be seen, in a clear atmosphere,
from a distance of many miles, looming up
above the horizon, against the clear blue sky, in
which they seem to float like a little fantastic

The prospect from this mountain summit to-
wards other distant points is also sublimely grand.
Looking north, the eye runs down a ravine be-
tween precipices from 800 to 1200 feet high, at
the bottom of which the Linville Biver, one of the
sources of the Catawba, dashes its pure waters
along its rocky bed. From the top of one of the
cliffs which overhangs this chasm is seen a shaft
of rock shooting out over the gulf below, at the
height of 1500 feet. This is known in the neigh-
borhood by the name of the
Hawk's Bill, from its
resemblance to the beak of that bird.

On the left of this, from the point of observa-
tion, and about 5 miles distant, is the famous
Table Rock, of Burke co., which rises, upon the
verge of the Catawba valley, to the height of
2500 feet. It appears, as seen from this point, to
have the shape of a perfect cone.

There are few mountain districts in which is
presented such a various display of the strange,
the wild, the beautiful, and the grand, as here.


Situated in the old town of Guilford, on the
shore of Long Island Sound, 15 miles E. of New
Haven. The point runs out a short distance
into the water, about one mile from the centre of
the town. This has long been a place of resort,
in the summer season, for the citizens of New
Haven, Hartford, and other places, in pursuit of
health and recreation. Good accommodations
are found at the Point itself, and also at the ho-
tels and boarding-houses in the village.


This beach is on the Atlantic coast, in Bock-
ingham co., about 12 miles S. of Portsmouth, and
about 7 miles S. W. from Exeter. It is little in-
ferior to the celebrated Nahant Beach, near Bos

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