Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 649

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Page 648 ...Page 650

Note: Ctrl and + increases the font size of the text below, Ctrl and - decreases it, and Ctrl and 0 resets it to default size.


Rock, the capital of the state, is becoming every
season more and more popular: Its waters have
been found efficacious in chronic diseases, such as
scrofula, rheumatism, &c. Visitors to these springs
find every accommodation suited to their wishes,
at the fine hotel established for their reception.


Situated in the western section of the state, in
the vicinity of the other Virginia Springs, about
200 miles W. of Richmond. They are five miles
distant from the Warm Springs. They are ro-
mantically situated in a valley surrounded by
mountain peaks. There are 6 separate springs,
which range in temperature from 98° to 106° of
Fahrenheit. Each of the springs supplies a distinct
bath; and the spout baths are natural spouts. The
bathing establishment has recently undergone
considerable improvement. The hotels, or build-
ings at the springs, are sufficient for the comfort-
able accommodation of 150 persons.

These waters, as critically analyzed by Profess-
or William B. Rodgers, of the University of Vir-
ginia, contain the following saline ingredients in
each 100 cubic inches, viz.: Carbonate of lime,
7 013 ; carbonate of magnesia, 1.324; sulphate of
1.302; sulphate of magnesia, 1.530; sul-
phate of soda,
1.363; chloride of sodium and mag-
nesium, with a trace of chloride of calcium,
0.105 ;
proto-carbonate of iron, 0.096; silica, 0.045. The
free gases consist of nitrogen, oxygen, and car-
bonic acid gas.

These waters, when taken internally, are anti-
acid, mildly aperient, and freely diuretic and
diaphoretic. When used as a general bath, their
effects are great, frequently excelling all expecta-
tion. They relax contracted tendons, excite the
action of the absorbent vessels, promote glandular
secretions, exert a marked and salutary influence
over the biliary and uterine systems, and often, in
a short time, relieve excruciating pain, caused by
long-standing disease in some vital organ.

For the routes to this place, see White Sulphur


This name is applied to a curious natural cav-
ern in the rock, on the shore of the Ohio River,
24 miles below Shawneetown. Passengers on
the boats will not fail to have it pointed out to
them as they pass; and sometimes, at their re-
quest, the captains are so obliging as to stop their
boats for a short time, to allow an opportunity of
visiting the cave. The names of many visitors
are graven on its front. The entrance is just
above high water mark, and is about 20 feet high,
leading into a spacious chamber with an arched
roof 30 feet high, and extending back 125 feet.
Families of emigrants, descending the river, have
occasionally found a winter asylum in this cave.
Mason, the noted pirate and outlaw', who, about
the year 1800, subsisted with his banditti, for some
time, by waylaying, robbing, and murdering the
boatmen upon the river, made this cavern his
rendezvous. He was finally shot by one of his
own comrades, in order to obtain the reward of
$500, offered by the governor of Mississippi for his


This fashionable watering-place is situated in
Butts co., 52 miles N.
W. from Milledgeville.
The springs are in the forks of two creeks which

empty into the Ockmulgee, and about 10 miles W
of that river. They contain sulphur and other
ingredients, and are considered efficacious as a
remedy for gravel, rheumatism, cutaneous and
other diseases. Visitors here find good accommo-


Off Portsmouth, N. II. These shoals are 7 in
number, lying about 9 miles out at sea. The
largest of the islands, familiarly known as Hog
Island, contains 350 acres, and has an elevation in
its highest parts of 50 feet above the sea. Upon
this island a hotel has recently been erected, afford-
ing pleasant accommodations for water parties
fiom Portsmouth, from Hampton and Rye
Beaches, and the neighboring towns, and also for
persons wishing to remain a few days or weeks in
summer, as it were, at sea, without any of the dis-
comforts of a sea voyage. The place is much more
frequented than formerly by parties of pleasure.
See Isles of Shoals, p. 204.


This is a pleasant and fashionable place of
resort during the summer months, situated 4
miles back from Covington, on the opposite side
of the Ohio River from Cincinnati.
Linden Grove
, in the immediate vicinity of the springs,
is an attractive place of the kind.


This popular place of resort for those fond of
sea-shore recreations is on the E. coast of N. J.,
32 miles from New York. The
Ocean House, a
short distance from Long Branch, is also a hotel
of the first order. The constant sea breeze and
the convenient sea bathing here to be enjoyed
have a fine effect in restoring the exhausted en-
ergies of the human system. There is admirable
sport for the angler in the vicinity. The Shrews*
bury River on the one side, and the ocean on the
other, swarm with many delicate varieties of the
finny tribe.

In the neighborhood of Long Branch are also
Shreivsbury, Red Bank, and Tinton Falls, which
are all places of great resort. The above locali-
ties are reached by a steamboat, running at con-
venient periods from New York.


The range on which this lofty summit is situ-
ated commences in the N. W. part of the state,
and rises to the height of 2000 feet. The view
from Lookout Mountain is very grand, over-
looking a vast extent of country, and comprising
every variety of landscape. Encircling the brow
of the mountain is a natural palisade of naked
rocks, from 70 to 100 feet in height. The rail-
roads from Savannah and Charleston approach
near to this mountain.


This cave is situated in the vicinity of Weir's
Cave, and'lomewhat resembles that remarkable
curiosity. It is, however, much less extensive,
not exceeding 300 feet.


Are in Madison co., about 100 miles N,
from Milledgeville, 23 miles N. E. from Athens,
and 7 miles from Danielsville, the shire town
of the county. The waters are impregnated with

This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.