Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 669

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Tadousac, are extensive lumber establishments.
Eternity Point, and Trinity Point, on the S. side
of the river, 34 miles from the mouth, are two
enormous masses of rock, rising abruptly from
the water's edge to the height of 1500 feet. Fifty-
seven miles from Tadousac opens the
or Great Bay, as it is sometimes called. At
the head of this bay there is a large lumbering
establishment, with several extensive saw-mills,
which is said to give employment to 2000 persons
living in the regions of the Saguenay and the St.
Lawrence. At Chicoutimi, 68 miles from Ta-
dousac, where our steamboat excursion must
necessarily terminate, is another trading post of
the Hudson's Bay Company. Two or three dwell-
ings, and a small but venerable looking Roman
Catholic chapel, constitute the settlement.- It is
one of those stations where, in former days, the
Jesuit missionaries established a home for them-
selves. The church edifice, which yet remains to
attest their religious zeal, is believed to be one
of the first erected in Canada. Standing here, in
so romantic and remote a spot, it is a peculiarly
agreeable object. It is about 100 yards from the
margin of the stream, in the centre of a plat of
greensward, set out with shrubbery, with forest-
trees crowning the rising ground in the rear.
The old bell, still remaining in the tower, is cov-
ered with characters, or hieroglyphics, which the
most learned visitors have not been able to in-
terpret. Here assemble, in the months of June
and July, every year, the children of the forest,
some of them from the far north, to meet the
Catholic priests, who visit the place at that sea-
son, to minister to the spiritual wants of such as
still adhere to the religion which their fathers
were taught in earlier ages, and reverence the
spot hallowed by traditional associations. The
Indians in the immediate neighborhood haWi, in
a great measure, abandoned the use of strong
drink, and have become orderly and decent in
comparison with the other scattered remnants of
their race.

Beyond this point all traces of civilization end.
But the region of the Saguenay cannot long
remain waste and unoccupied. It is doubtless
destined to become the abode of an active and en-
terprising population. The aspect of the country
around Chicoutimi is divested of the rugged
character which distinguishes the banks of the
Saguenay for the first 50 miles; and as the
traveller penetrates into the interior, the appear-
ance of the country indicates a superior soil.
The climate, which, in the vicinity of Lake St.
John, approaches very nearly to that of the dis-
trict of Montreal, is well adapted to the purposes
of agriculture ; and the virgin soil cannot fail to
repay the labor which shall be bestowed upon it.


Tlicse falls are on the Upper Mississippi River,
aboiit 7 miles above Fort Snelling. They are a
succession of boisterous rapids, with one cataract
abojut midway, of 16 feet perpendicular descent.
The Mississippi is here forced through a narrow,
descending channel, which is blocked up with
hujge rocks piled one upon another, sometimes to
anf enormous height, and assuming many and
siiigularlv unnatural appearances. It is through
aiftd around these jagged rocks that the river urges
itfe fretted course, foaming and tumbling with a
dfeafening roar. The river seems to stop for a
nfoment ere it encounters the fall; then, breaking
through every obstacle, it plunges on, its huge
billows breaking on the rocks, and throwing a
shower of spray over each little rocky island in
the channel. There is great gi-andeur and beauty
in the scenery at these falls. The whole descent
of the river here is about 40 feet. Steamboats
freighted with merchandise for the country above
St. Anthony's Falls here find an important carry-
ing-place, and it is remarkable that this is the
only carrying-place in the whole length of this
magnificent river. From these falls to St. Louis,
792 miles.


This pleasant beach, from 4 to 5 miles distant
from Newburyport, is celebrated for its beauty
and salubrity, and is much frequented during the
warm season.


This pleasant watering place is situated in
Monroe co., 24 miles distant from the White
Sulphur Springs. They are encircled by moun-
tains on every side. They are much visited by
invalids and others, and enjoy a high reputation
for the virtues of their waters, as well as for the
excellent accommodations with which they are
furnished. The temperature of their waters va-
ries from 49° to 56° Fahrenheit.


This is the most celebrated watering-place in
the U. S. There are here, within the distance of
about half a mile, as many as 10 or 12 mineral
springs, with properties considerably various, and
all highly efficacious in their remedial use. This
place has become the annual resort of thousands,
especially during the months of July and August,
who come in pursuit of health or pleasure, from
every section of this country and of Europe.
Large and splendid accommodations are provided
in the various hotels and boarding-houses, which,
in the season of company, are often thronged
with visitors, presenting an animated scene of
gayety, luxury, and display.

The village, which is in the N. part of the
township of Saratoga, is pleasantly situated on a
sandy plain, in part surrounded by a beautiful
grove of pines, having its principal street upon
the W. margin of a narrow vale in which the
springs are found.    On this broad street the

largest hotels are situated, with several of the
churches and other public edifices, which give to
it an imposing appearance. The United States
Hotel, which is perhaps the most extensive and
magnificent of these establishments, is a large,
four story brick edifice, furnishing accommoda-
tions for about 400 guests, located in a central po-
sition, and within a short distance of all the most
important mineral springs. Congress Hall and
Unior. Hall are both large and elegant establish-
ments, situated also at the S. part of the village,
near the Congress Spring. All these houses have
beautiful grounds connected with them in the
rear, with spacious piazzas and colonnades, and
are fitted up with special reference to the demands
of the more wealthy and pleasure-loving portion
of the visitors at the springs. They are only kept
open during the season of fashionable resort. The
Pavilion Hotel, which was of this class, was de-
stroyed fly fire in 1843. Other houses, as the
American Hotel, Columbian Hotel, Montgom-
ery Hall, Adelphi Hotel, and Washington Hall

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