Hayward’s United States Gazetteer (1853) page 671

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Page 670 ...Page 672

Note: Ctrl and + increases the font size of the text below, Ctrl and - decreases it, and Ctrl and 0 resets it to default size.



and bromide of potassa, 2.566 ; sulphate of soda,
1.000; alumina, a trace; silex, 1.000. Solid con-
tents, 316.372.

Carbonic acid, 369.166 ; atmospheric air, 3.333.
Gaseous contents, 372.499.

Empire Spring. To one gallon: chloride of
sodium,grs. 215.756; bi-carbonateof lime, 24.678;
bi-carbonate of magnesia, 113.459; bi-carbonate
of soda, 33.584; hydriodate of potassa, 9.600 ;
iron, 0.500 ; silex and alumina, 1.300. Solid con-
tents, 399.877.

Carbonic acid gas, 260.132 ; atmospheric air,
3.314. Gaseous contents, 263.446.

These springs are situated 23 miles from
Schenectady, and 37 from Albany. To New
York, by Schenectady and Albany, 182 miles ;
to Utica by Schenectady, 95 miles ; to Montreal,
by Lakes George and Champlain, 226 miles;
by Whitehall and Lake Champlain, 219 miles;
to Boston, by way of Troy, 238 miles. A very
pleasant way of getting to the springs from the
northward and eastward is by the way of Lake
Champlain and Lake George. See
Fort Ticon-
p. 266.


The situation of this ancient town on the W.
shore and at the mouth of Connecticut River,
having Long Island Sound on the S., gives it a
fine exposure to the cool, invigorating breezes
from the salt water ; and offers at the same time
peculiar facilities for pleasure excursions upon
the river, which here spreads out into a broad and
beautiful sheet of water. The Point is a penin-
sula about one mile in length, crescent-shaped in
form, and connected with the main land by a
narrow neck, over which the tide sometimes flows.
The harbor, making up from the river, lies in the
bosom of this peninsula, on the side opposite the
sea. Towards its extremity the land is elevated,
and spread out to about three quarters of a mile
in breadth, affording space for a considerable set-
tlement, which has existed here from the earliest
colonial history of the country. Indeed, the ven-
erable antiquities and important historical asso-
ciations of this spot, constitute one of its peculiar
attractions as a place of temporary resort. The
monument of the Lady Fenwick is still extant,
a handsome estate on the opposite side of the
river being held, it is said, from an original grant,
on the condition of keeping it in a good state of
preservation. A square was laid out on this
peninsula, on which it was intended to erect
houses for Cromwell, Pym, Hasselrig, and Hamp-
den, who, it is understood, had actually embarked
in the Thames to occupy this ground. Here, too,
are to be seen some relics of the ancient founda-
tions of Yale College, which had its location on
this point for 15 years. The old burial-ground,
also, is a place of great interest to be visited.

Lyme, on the opposite bank of the river, is like-
wise a pleasant town, affording delightful accom-
modations to persons from the cities and the
interior seeking the refreshment of a sojourn in
the summer on the sea-coast. There are two
hotels on Saybrook Point, which are,delightfully
situated and well kept; also many other places
where board can be obtained. Steamboats run
down the river to New York and to New London,
Ct., stopping at Saybrook. It will soon be
reached also by the New Haven and New
London Railroad, which is in process of con-

A Gazetteer of the United States of America by John Hayward.

Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany and Company. 1853. Public domain image

This is a place of much fashionable resort,
during the summer months, for its pure air and
romantic scenery. Belmont Hall, an excellent
public house, is located on its top, at an elevation
of 2000 feet, from which the prospect is almost
unrivalled. There is also, near the summit, a
mineral spring of considerable celebrity. It con-
tains muriate of soda, muriate of lime, muriate
of magnesia, sulphate of lime, carbonate of mag-
nesia, silex, and carbonated oxide of iron. It
has a temperature of
56° Fahrenheit, and dis-
30 gallons an hour.

Seven miles from the spring, on the mountain,
is Budd's Pond, 2 miles long and 1 mile wide,
of great depth, and clear as crystal, which abounds
with fish, and is furnished with a pleasure boat
for the use of fishing parties and parties of pleas-

This place is approached from New York by
railroad to Morristown,
32 miles, from which the
mountain is about 20 miles. Philadelphia pas-
sengers leave the cars at New Brunswick, and
take the stage via Somerville. It is 86 miles
from Philadelphia, via Trenton.


In the town of Sharon, in Schoharie co., about
45 miles W. of Albany by the Cherry Yalley
Turnpike. They are also reached by stages from
Canajoharie, on the Utica and Schenectady Rail-
road, from which place they are distant about 12
miles, in a S. W. direction. There are two springs,
called the Sulphur and the Magnesia Springs,
situated at the foot of a hill, near the village,
about half a mile N. of the turnpike road. These
waters are highly impregnated with sulphur,
strongly resembling the White Sulphur Springs
of Virginia. They are pure and clear, and have
been found to be highly efficacious in cutaneous,
dyspeptic, and rheumatic complaints. They have
an exhilarating effect upon the spirits, invigorat-
ing the system, and purifying the complexion,
and in some respects possess medicinal and heal-
ing properties unsurpassed by any in the country.

The Pavilion House, at this place, is a large
establishment, well constructed, and admirably
arranged to accommodate a great number of
visitors. It stands upon a commanding emi-
nence, having a piazza with lofty columns in
front, which give to it an elegant and inviting
appearance. The prospect towards the N. is al-
most unlimited, and by many considered hardly
inferior to that from the Catskill Mountain
House. Its eleyated situation, always securing a
pure and bracing atmosphere, conspires with the
use of the waters to render the residence of vis-
itors here in hot weather delightfully salubrious
and refreshing.


See Nantucket.


This is a small, rocky peninsula, jutting out
between Dorchester and Quincy Bays, in Boston
5 miles S. of Boston, and near the mouth
of Neponset River. It has ever been celebrated as
a favorite resort, first by the red men, and after-
wards by the whites, for fishing and fowling.

In 1621, when our Pilgrim Fathers, 10 in num-
ber, with Squantum, or Tisquantum, and two
other Indians for their guides, made their first

This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.