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Gazetteer of the State of Maine With Numerous Illustrations, by Geo. J. Varney
BOSTON: PUBLISHED BY B. B. RUSSELL, 57 CORNHILL. 1882. Public domain image from
IQ GAZETTEER OF MAINE.
stature, but of more embowering foliage. A variety called the Pitch
The Pines, with the Hemlock, Elm, Maple, Beech, and Button-wood,
Black Cherry, and perhaps a few others. Our oldest trees are the Oak
and the Pine. By their annual rings it has been ascertained that some
of them have been growing from five hundred to one thousand years. *
We have been too wasteful of our forest treasures, the accumulation of
more than the age of any empire now existing. The forests are still
falling with great rapidity, the amount of lumber prepared for market
each year being very great.
The principal native shrubs of Maine are the Prickly Ash, Mountain
ducing eatable fruit; Dogwood, Cranberry, Whortleberry, Blueberry, ^
and Bilberry; the Hardhack, Hazle, Ground Hemlock (commonly called I
the ‘ low Juniper ), Lambkill (called also Mountain Laurel, Ivy, Calico
Of Plants, we have Agrimony, American Rose-bay, Adders-tongue, .
Bear-berry, or Bears-tongue, Bitter-sweet, Brake, Bane-berry, Blood- ^
root, Buckbean, or Marsh Trefoil, Butterfly-weed, or Pleurisy-root, Cel- ^
andine, Comfrey, Cat-mint (or Catnip), China-aster, Columbine, Cowslip,
Cuckold, Chequer-berry, or Box-berry, Partridge-berry, Chocolate plant, >-
Colts-foot, or Wild Ginger (Canada Snake-root), Dandelion, Dogsbane,
Dragon-root (Indian Turnip or Wakerobin), Elecampane, or Starwort,
Evergreen, Fire-weed, Fever-root, or Wild Ipecac, the Flags, Sweet,
Cat-tail and Blue, Ginseng, Golden-rod, Golden-thread and many others.
An esteemed writer on agriculture (Samuel Wasson, Esq., of East
Maine has one hundred and twenty-five known species of grass. In
unknown here. Of the one hundred and twenty-five known, not more
was introduced in 1659. Perennial rye-grass was first grown in 1677.
This rye, or ray grass, as it was called, was the first species of peren-
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