an ancient edifice, about the age of Ed-
ward III.; in the parsonage house, is
a fine portrait of John Wickcliffe, by
Sir Antonio More, a painter of the age
Of Philip and Mary, presented by Dr.
Zouch, when rector of this parish, as
an heir-loom to his successors : this
morning-star of the reformation, doubt-
less took his name from this place; hut
Leland says, that the great hsereticus
was borne at Spreswell, a poor vyllage,
a good myle from Richmondpro-
bably this is a mistake for Hipswell;
hut though the precise spot cannot be
ascertained, there is no doubt that
Yorkshire has the honour of having
given birth to John Wickliffe, in 1324.
This undaunted defender of the faith
once delivered to the saints, after at-
tacking, with great success, many of
the abuses and the doctrines of the Ro-
mish church, died in peace, at his rec-
tory at Lutterworth, Leicestershire,
1384. The Council of Constance, how-
ever, more than forty years after, had
the miserable spite to order his re-
mains to be disinterred and burnt to
ashes, which were cast into the Swift.
The works of Wickcliffe were nu-
merous, but they chiefly remain in
MSS.: what particularly endears his
memory to the protestant commu-
nity, is his giving the example of trans-
lating the scriptures into the English
tongue, and thus tacitly admitting the
right of private judgment. Wickliffe
did not understand the Greek and
Hebrew languages, and from too close
an adherence to the idiom of the Latin
Vulgate, his style is uncouth, and his
language less intelligible than that of
his cotemporary, the poet Chaucer:
only the translation of the New Testa-
ment has been printed.
Wycomb, N.R. (6) a hamlet in
the township and parish of Old Malton,
wapentake of Rydale, 2§ miles N. E.
from New Malton.
Wykeham, N.R. (3) a parish and
township in the wapentake of Picker-
ing Lythe, 7 miles S. W. from Scar-
borough ; inhabitants 582; a perpetual
curacy; patroness, the Hon. Mrs.
Langley. In 1153, Pain Fitz-Osbert
endowed a priory of Cistercian nuns :
nothing remains of the ancient struc-
ture except the chapel, and part of its
north end wall, which separates the
burying ground from the garden of
the manor house. Wykeham abbey,
the seat of the Hon. Mrs. Langdale, is
an elegant modern structure, and the
plantations are judiciously disposed.
Wykeham Grange, N. R. (3) a
hamlet in the preceding township and
Wyton, E.R. (6) a township in
the parish of Swine, wapentake of Hol-
derness, 6 miles N. E. from Hull. Wy-
ton Hall is the seat of Richard Harri-
Yafforth, N. R. (2) a township
in the parish of Danby Wiske, wapen-
take of Gilling East, 1§ mile W. from
Northallerton, inhabitants, 149; a
chapel of ease to Danby.
Yapham, E. R. (5) a township in
the parish of Pocklington, division of
Wilton Beacon, 2 miles N. from Pock-
lington; inhabitants, 114; a chapelry
Yarlsber, N. R. (4) a hamlet in
the township of Ingleton, parish of Low
Bentham, wapentake of Ewcross, 1 mile
S. from Ingleton.
Yarm, N. R. (2) a parish, town-
ship, and market town, in the wapen-
take of Langbarugh, 9 miles N. W.
from Stokesley, 43 N. N.W. from York,
237 from London; inhabitants, 1504;
a perpetual curacy ; patron, the Arch-
bishop of York; market, Thursday;
fairs, Thursday before April 6, Holy
Thursday, August 2, Oct. 19 and 20.
Here is a free grammar school, en-
dowed by Thomas Conyers, in 1588.
The church was re-built about the year
1730; its exterior is uninviting, but