Bartholomew’s Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) page 135 left column

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Carlton, Little.—par., N. Lincolnshire, 4£ miles SE.
of Louth, 1006 ac., pop. 169.—2. Carlton, Little, or
South, hamlet, South Muskham par., S. Notts, 3£
miles NW. of Newark-upon-Trent.

Carlton Miniott, township, Thirsk par., North-
Riding Yorkshire, 2 m. W. of Thirsk, 1552 ac., pop. 380.

Carlton, North.—par., mid. Lincolnshire, 5 miles
NW. of Lincoln, 1795 ac., pop. 163.—2. Carlton,
North (Notts). See Carlton in Lindrick.

Carlton-on-Trent, township with ry. sta., Norwell
par., S. Notts, on river Trent, 6£ miles N. of Newark,
pop. 196; P.O.

Carlton Scroop, par., S. Lincolnshire, 6 miles NE.
of Grantham, 1542 ac., pop. 227; P.O.

Carlton, South, par., mid. Lincolnshire, 4 miles
NW. of Lincoln, 1910 ac., pop. 175.

Carlton-with-Fosham, hamlet, Aldbrough par.,
East-Riding Yorkshire, 6 miles S. of Hornsea.

Carluke, town and par. with ry. sta., mid. Lanark-
shire, 5J miles NW. of Lanark and 19£ miles SE. of
Glasgow—par., 15,345 ac., pop. 8552; town, pop. 3867;
P.O., T.O., 2 Banks; is a neat, well-built place, and the
centre of business for a considerable extent of surround-
ing country. Coal, ironstone, limestone, sandstone,
abound in the neighbourhood, and are extensively

Carlyon, hamlet, 2 miles S. of Truro, W. Cornwall.

Carmacoup, seat, in par. and 3J miles SW. of
Douglas, S. Lanarkshire.

Carmarthen, or Caermarthen, co. town of Car-
marthenshire, and co. of itself, pari, and mun. bor., par.,
and port, on river Towy, 5 miles from C. Bay, 28 miles
NW. of Swansea, and 242 miles from London by rail—
par. and bor., 4996 ac., pop. 10,514; 3 Banks, 4 news-
papers. Market-days,
Wednesday and Saturday. C. was
Maridumim of the Romans, and under the native
princes the capital of South Wales. On the site of its
ancient castle now stands the county gaol. It possesses
several important educational institutions, among which
are 2 grammar-schools on public foundations, and the
South Wales Training College for Teachers. C. carries
on considerable trade by river and rail in slates, lead-
ore, and tin-plates, besides domestic produce. Vessels
of 200 tons can reach the quay, but much of the former
river traffic has been diverted by the better access to
Llanelly. The salmon fishery is important. C., which
gives the title of marquis to the Duke of Leeds, unites
with Llanelly in returning 1 member to Parliament.

Carmarthen Bay, S. coast of Carmarthenshire,
extending 18 miles across from Worms Head in
Glamorgan to Tenby on the opposite coast of Pem-
brokeshire ; 10 miles wide, and 35 miles in sweep.

Carmarthen Junction, sta. on the Great Western
Ry., in co. and 1 mile S. of Carmarthen.

Carmarthenshire, a maritime co. of S. Wales, and
the largest of all the Welsh counties; is bounded N. by
Cardiganshire, E. by Brecknockshire and Glamorgan,
S. by the Bristol Channel, and W. by Pembrokeshire;
greatest length, NE. and SW., 50 miles; greatest
breadth, E. and W., 42 miles; the coast, which is
marshy, measures about 35 miles; area, 594,405 ac.;
pop. 124,864. The surface generally is upland or moun-
tainous, much of it being waste. The Black Mountains
rise on the NE. border, the chief summit, Carmarthen
Van, having an alt. of 2596 ft. The vale of the river
Towy extends in length about 30 miles NE. and SW.
through the middle of the co. The uplands consist
chiefly of slate or limestone; old red sandstone occurs
about the estuary of the Towy; coal and ironstone are
worked in the SE. Good crops of oats, barley, and
wheat are produced in the valleys, but the principal
industry is stock-raising. (For agricultural statistics,
see Appendix.) The fisheries are of some importance.
The co. comprises 5 hundreds, 3 commots, 81 pars.,
with part of 1 other, the Carmarthen Boroughs (Car-
marthen and Llanelly—1 member), and the mun. bors.
of Carmarthen and Llandovery. It is entirely in the
diocese of St David’s. For parliamentary purposes it
is divided into 2 divisions, viz., Eastern and Western, 1
member for each division.

Carmelrs, picturesque valley, E. Cornwall, descend-
ing from Hensbarrow Beacon SE. to St Blazey.

Carmel.—3 m. from Llandebie, Carmarthensh.; P.O.

Click on the image to get a large bitmap suitable for printing (45 MB)

Page 134 right column ... Page 135 right column

This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.