S. Warwickshire, on river Stour, 3½ miles SE. of
Shipston-on-Stour, 890 ac., pop. 248 ; P.O.
Cherryhank, vil., in co. and. l½m. SW. of Perth; P.O.
Cherry Burton, par. and ry. sta., East-Riding York¬
shire, 4½ miles NW. of Beverley, 3466 ac., pop. 458;
P.O. ; contains Cherry Burton Hall.
Cherry Green, place, in par. and near vil. of West-
Cherry Hinton, par., in co. and 2½ miles SE. of
Cambridge, 2043 ac., pop. 869; P.O.
Cherry Holm, islet, in Ullswater Lake, Westmorland.
Cherry Tree, school, and sta. on Lancashire and
Yorkshire Ry., NE. Lancashire, 2 miles SW. of Black¬
burn ; P.O.
Cherry trees, seat, Yetholm par., Roxburghshire, 1J
mile NW. of Yetholm.
Cherry Willingham, par., in mid. of co. and 3½
miles NE. of Lincoln, 980 ac., pop. 156; P.O., called
Chertscy (or North-Western) Division, pari. div.
of Surrey, pop. 51,807.
Chertsey, market town and par. with ry sta., W.
Surrey, on right bank of river Thames, 22 miles SW.
of London, 10,777 ac. (184 water), pop. 9215; p.o.,t.o.,
2 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Wednesday; has
trade in malt, flour, tiles, and bricks, and in agricultural
produce for the London markets. An important sheep
fair is held in May.
ChervreU, affluent of river Thames, Northampton¬
shire and Oxfordshire; rises at Charwelton in North¬
amptonshire, and flows S. to the Thames in vicinity of
Oxford ; 30 miles long.
Chescl, hamlet, Winterslow par., S. Wilts, 8½ miles
NE. of Salisbury.
Chesham, market town and par. with ry. sta., mid.
Bucks, on river Chess, 5 miles SW. of Berkhampstead
ry. sta. and 18 miles NW. of London, 12,746 ac., pop.
6502; P.O., T.O., 1 Bank. Market-day, Wednesday.
Chesham Bois, par., mid. Bucks, on river Chess, 7
miles SW. of Berkhampstead ry. sta., 910 ac., pop. 351.
Cheshire, or Chester, co. palatine and maritime co.
of England, bounded on the NW. by the Irish Sea, and
bordering on the cos. of Lancaster, York, Derby, Stafford,
Salop, Denbigh, and Flint; extreme length, NE. and
SW., 58 miles; extreme breadth, 40 miles; average
breadth, 18 miles; area, 657,123 ac.; pop. 644,037. C.
forms, towards the Irish Sea, a flat peninsula, the Wir-
rall (12 miles by 7 miles), between the estuaries of the
Mersey and the Dee, and inland a vast plain separating
the mountains of Wales from those of Derbyshire.
This plain is diversified with fine woods of oak, &c., and
is studded with numerous small lakes or meres. A low
ridge of sandstone hills runs N. from Congleton, near
the E. border, and another extends from the neigh¬
bourhood of Malpas to Frodsham, near the estuary
of the Mersey. The chief rivers are the Mersey
with its affluent the Bollin, the Weaver, and the Dee.
The soil consists of marl, mixed with clay and sand,
and is generally fertile. (For agricultural statistics
see Appendix.) There are numerous excellent dairy
farms, on which the celebrated Cheshire cheese is
made; also extensive market gardens, the produce of
which is sent to Liverpool, Manchester, and the neigh¬
bouring towns. Salt has been long worked; it is
obtained from rock salt and saline springs; the prin¬
cipal works are at Nantwich, Northwich, and Winsford.
Coal and ironstone are worked in the districts of
Macclesfield and Stockport. There are mfrs. of cotton,
silk, and ribbons, carried on chiefly in the towns of the
E. div.; and shipbuilding, on the Mersey. Cheshire
contains 7 hundreds, 503 pars, and a part, the pari,
and mun. bor. of Birkenhead (1 member), the greater
part of the pari, and mun. bors. of Chester (1 member),
Stalybridge (1 member), and Stockport (2 members),
and the mun. bors. of Congleton, Crewe, Hyde, and
Macclesfield. It is mostly in the diocese of Chester.
For pari, purposes it is divided into 8 divisions, viz.,
Wirral, Eddisbury, Macclesfield, Crewe, Northwich, Al¬
trincham, Hyde, and Knutsford, 1 member for each div.
Chcshunt, town, par. and ry. sta., Herts, 5½ miles
S. of Hertford, 8480 ac., pop. 7735 : P.O., T.o.
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