Bartholomew’s Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) page 156 right column

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Chesil Bank, ridge of shingle, with varying breadth
of from 170 to 200 yards, on coast of Dorset; stretches
9½ miles NW. from Portland to Abbotsbury, and is
separated from the mainland by two narrow channels
(East and West Fleet).

Chesilborne, par., mid. Dorset, 8 miles NE. of
Dorchester, 2988 ac., pop. 353.

Chesilton, vil., on W. side of Portland Isle, S.
Dorset, 3 miles S. of Weymouth.

Cheslyn Hay, par., W. Staffordshire, 4J miles SE.
of Penkridge, 827 ac., pop. 1799.

Chesnnt Street, place, Bobbing and Borden pars.,
E. Kent, 4½ mile SW. of Sittingbourne.

_ Chess, affluent of river Colne, Bucks and Herts;
rises near Chesham in Bucks, and flows SE. to the
Colne, near Rickmansworth; 8 miles long.

Chesscl Down, eminence, Isle of Wight, 6 miles
SW. of Newport; many Saxon relics have been found
here in an ancient cemetery.

Chessington, par., W. Surrey, 3| miles S. of
Kingston-on-Thames, 1250 ac., pop. 243.

Chester. — pari, and mun. bor., city, and co. in
itself, locally in W. Cheshire, about 20 miles by the
river from the Irish Sea, 16 miles S. of Liverpool,
and 33 SW. of Manchester by rail — pari. bor. (ex¬
tending into Flintshire), 3289 ac., pop. 40,972; mun.
bor., 2857 ac., pop. 36,794; 4 Banks, 6 newspapers.
Saturday; stands on a rocky height on
right bank of river Dee, which is here crossed by a
splendid stone bridge with a single span of 200 ft., the
largest save one, it is believed, in Europe. C. is a
great railway centre, and has one of the finest stations
in the kingdom. It is connected with the Mersey by
the Ellesmere Canal. As a port it has been injuriously
affected by the silting up of the Dee, and its shipping
trade is now inconsiderable. (For shipping statistics,
see Appendix.) C. is a very ancient city; it was the
jDevana Castra of the Romans, and the Caerleon
or “City of the Great Legion,” of the Cymri.
It is the only city in England that still possesses its
walls entire. C. was made the see of a bishop in 1541.
The cathedral, a massive Gothic structure, is of great
antiquity, as are also many of the churches. The city
possesses several fine examples of the old timber houses
of the 17th century. The castle was taken down to¬
wards the end of last century, and replaced by a
barracks, a county jail, and assize courts. C. has mfrs.
of boots and shoes for exportation and the wholesale
home trade; furniture and upholstery; paint, shot, and
lead pipes; it has also iron foundries and a ship¬
building yard. The principal exports are cheese, lead,
copper-plates, cast-iron, and coal. The bor. returns 1
member to Parliament.—2. Chester, ward, N. Dur¬
ham, 157,992 ac., pop. 175,232.

Chester, Little, township, Derby St Alkmund par.,
Derbyshire, on river Derwent, in N. of bor. of Derby,
pop. 571.

Chester Camp, Roman camp, Irchester par., N.
Northamptonshire, on river Nen, 2 miles SE. of Wel¬
lingborough ; encloses 18 ac., and has yielded many
relics of the Roman occupation.

Chesterfield Division, pari. div. of Derbyshire,
pop. 54,927.

Chesterfield.—mun. bor., par., and township with
ry. sta., Derbyshire, 11 miles S. of Sheffield—par.,
11,451 ac., pop. 29,039; township and bor., 328
ac., pop. 12,221; P.O., T.O., 3 Banks, 4 newspapers.
Saturday ; has mfrs. of lace, merino, silk,
cotton, earthenware, and hardware, while the neigh¬
bourhood is rich in coal, iron, lead, and clay. The trade
of the place greatly increased after 1776, when Brindley
constructed the C. Canal. C. has a free grammar-school,
founded by Queen Elizabeth, and an institute of mining,
civil, and mechanical engineers. It is a place of great
antiquity, having been a Roman station on the road
from Derby to York. C. has a fine church (All Saints)
with a twisted spire, 230 ft. high.—2. Chesterfield,
hamlet, 2 miles S. of Lichfield, Staffordshire.

Chesterfield Canal, from Chesterfield, E. Derby¬
shire, NE. to river Trent at E. Stockwith, on border
of N. Notts; rises 45 ft. to top-level at Harthill, and
falls 335 ft. ; has 65 locks, and is 46 miles long.

Chesterford, Great, par. and vil. with ry. sta., W.
Essex, on r. Granta, 4 m. NW. of Saffron Walden,
2917 ac., pop. 913 ; PO., T.O.; contains C. Park.

Gazetteer of the British Isles, Statistical and Topographical, by John Bartholomew, F.R.G.S.

Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1887. Public domain image from

Click on the image to get a large bitmap suitable for printing (45 MB)

Page 156 left column ... Page 157 left column

This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.