Path and 94 VY. of London—par., 7455 ac., pop. 5192 ;
market town, 521 ac., pop. 4495 ; mun. bor., 26 ac., pop.
1352; P.O., T.o., 2 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day,
Friday ; stands on left bank of river Avon, here crossed
by a handsome stone bridge of 22 arches. C. was for-
merly a seat of broadcloth mfr., but is now mainly an
agricultural town, with large cattle and cheese markets
and flour-mills. Tanning and malting are also carried
on. In the neighbourhood are stone quarries. C. was
the quarters of the Danish army in 878, when Alfred
was in hiding in Athelney. Dr Thomas Scott (1747-
1821), the commentator, was a native. The bor. returned
1 member until 1885.—3. Chippenham, par. and vil.,
E. Cambridgeshire, on border of co., 4| miles NE. of
Newmarket, 4205 ac., pop. 646 ; P.O. ; 1 mile S. of vil.
are Chippenham Park and Chippenham Hall.
Chippenham (or North-Western) Division, pari,
div. of AYilts, pop. 44,781; contains Caine, Chippen-
ham, and Malmesbury.
Chipping.—par. and township, N. Lancashire, 7 miles
SE. of Garstang—par., 8855 ac., pop. 1336 ; township,
5634 ac., pop. 987 ; P.O.—2. Chipping, vil., Buckland
par., NE. Herts, 2 miles N. of Buntingford.
Chipping Barnet, par., Herts, partly in town of
Barnet, 1488 ac., pop. 4283.
Chipping Canipden, market town and par., Glou-
cestershire, 94 miles SE. of Evesham and 99 from
London by rail, 4660 ac., pop. 1861. See Campden.
Chipping Hill, Roman camp with double ditch, E.
Essex, 1 mile N. of Witham.
Chipping Norton, mun. bor., township, and
par. with ry. sta., NAY. Oxfordshire, 12 miles SAY. of
Banbury and 89 miles NW. of London—par., 4872
ac., pop. 4607; township and bor., pop. 4167; P.O.,
T.o., 2 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Wednesday.
Chipping Norton Junction, ry. sta., is 5 miles
SW. of Chipping Norton.
Chipping Ongar, market town and par. with ry.
sta. (Ongar), E. Essex, 23£ miles NE. of London, 511
ac., pop. 992; P.O., T.O., called Ongar; 1 Bank.
Chipping Sodbury, market town and par., AV.
Gloucestershire, near river Frome, 14 mile E. of Yate
Junction, 104 miles NE. of Bristol, and 127 miles W.
of London, 107 ac., pop. 1067; P.O., T.O., 1 Bank.
Chipping Warden.—hundred, S. Northamptonshire,
29,369 ac., pop. 3648 ; contains 9 pars.—2. Chipping
Warden, par. and vil., S. Northamptonshire, 12 miles
AY. of Towcester, 1987 ac., pop. 396; P.O.
Chipping Wycombe (or High Wycombe, or
Wycombe), mun. bor., market town, par., and town-
ship, Bucks, in S. of co., on river Wye, 15 miles NW.
of Windsor and 34 from London by rail—par., 6395 ac.,
pop. 13,154; township, 6266 ac., pop. 8320; bor., 400
ac., pop. 10,618; P.O., T.o., 3 Banks, 1 newspaper.
Market-day, Friday. Chipping Wycombe returned 1
member to Parliament until 1885. See AYycombe.
Cliippingliurst, township, Cuddesden par., in co.
and 64 miles SE. of Oxford, 314 ac., pop. 15.
Chipstable, par., W. Somerset, 74 miles NW. of
AVellington ry. sta., 2252 ac., pop. 327 ; P.O.
Chipstcad.—vil., Chevening par., AY. Kent, 24 miles
NW. of Sevenoaks; P.O.; 1 mile SE. is the seat of
Chipstcad Place.—2. Chipstead, par., mid. Surrey,
5 miles NE. of Reigate, 2420 ac., pop. 644 ; P.O.
Chirbury.—hundred, S. Shropshire, 28,396 ac., pop.
5048.—2. Chirbury, par. and vil., S. Shropshire, on
W. border of co., 3 miles NE. of Montgomery, 11,041
ac., pop. 1477 ; P.O.
Chirdon, township, Greystead par., S. Northumber-
land, 54 miles SAY. of Bellingham, 6169 ac., pop. 50.
Cbirk.—hundred, SE. Denbighshire, 77,835 ac., pop.
13,234; contains 6 pars, and parts of 3 others.—2.
Chirk, par. and vil. with ry. sta., SE. Denbighshire,
on river Ceiriog, 9 miles SAY. of AVrexham and 192 miles
NW. of London, 4773 ac. (90 water), pop. 2171; P.O.,
T.o. Market-day, Saturday. The Ellesmere Canal is
carried across the river here by an aqueduct; there is
also a railway viaduct. In the neighbourhood of the
vil. are coal mines. Chirk Castle is 14 mile W. of sta.
Chirm, vil., Long Horsley par.,N. Northumberland,
44 miles SE. of Rothbury.
Gazetteer of the British Isles, Statistical and Topographical, by John Bartholomew, F.R.G.S.
Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1887. Public domain image from Gedcomindex.com
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