Bartholomew’s Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) page 187 right column

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Coreen Hills, hill range, forming E. boundary of
Howe of Alford, mid. Aberdeenshire, attaining in
Lord Arthur’s Cairn an alt. of 1699 ft.

Corcliousc, seat, in co. and 2 miles S. of Lanark.

Corcley, par., S. Shropshire, near Clee Hills, 5 miles
SAV. of Cleobury Mortimer, 2175 ac., pop. 625.

Corellan, islet, S. Knapdale par., Argyllshire.

Corfe, par., W. Somerset, 3 miles SE. of Taunton,
1127 ac., pop. 386.

Corfe Castle, small town, hundred, and par., Isle of
Purbeck, SE. Dorset, 4 miles SE. of Wareham—hundred
and par., 8809 ac. land and 1075 ac. water, pop. 1777;
P.O., T.O. The castle, which is situated upon an
isolated hill, was dismantled during the civil war,
and is now in ruins. King Edward the Martyr was
assassinated at its gates in 979, and King John starved
to death 22 noblemen within its walls in 1202. In the
neighbourhood of the town are quarries of Purbeck
marble and pits of potter’s clay.

Corfe Gate, or Coryatts, hamlet, Portisham par.,
S. Dorset, 54 miles SW. of Dorchester.

Corfe Mullen, par. and vil., E. Dorset, 24 miles
SAV. of AArimborne Minster, 3086 ac., pop. 694; P.O.

Corfton, place, Diddlebury par., S. Shropshire, 74
miles NW. of Ludlow.

Corgarff, quoad sacra par., Strathdon and Tarland-
Migvie pars., AV. Aberdeenshire, pop. 370; P.O. The
church is on river Don, 74 miles AV. of Strathdon
church; 1 mile farther AV. is Corgarff Castle, on site
of ancient stronghold.

CorliabbieHlll, Banff, 74m.SAV. of Dufftown, 2563ft.

Corhainpton, par. and vil., N. Hants, 4 miles NE.
of Bishops Waltham ry. sta., 2291 ac., pop. 200; P.O.;
the church is Saxon; in vicinity is C. House.

Cork.*—a maritime co., and the largest in Ireland;
is bounded N. by co. Limerick, E. by cos. Tipperary and
Waterford, S. and SAV. by the Atlantic Ocean, and AV.
by co. Kerry; greatest length, E. and AAr., 110 miles ;
greatest breadth, N. and S., 60 miles; area, 1,849,686
ac. (1,835,317 ac. land and 14,369 water); pop. 495,607,
90'8 per cent, of whom are Roman Catholics, 7‘8
Protestant Episcopalians, 0-5 Presbyterians, and 0'6
Methodists. The coast line is very extensive, being
broken by numerous spacious inlets, which afford ex-
cellent harbours. The principal openings from W. to
E. are Kenmare River, Bantry Bay, Dunmanus Bay,
Roaring Water Bay, Clonakilty Bay, Kinsale Harbour,
Cork Harbour, Youghal Harbour, &c. The islands of
Bear, AYhiddy, Clear, &c., and numerous islets, lie off
the SAV. coast, where the peninsulas of the mainland
are elongated and rugged. The surface on the W. and
SAV. is mountainous or upland, attaining its greatest
elevation in Caherbarnagh, a summit of 2239 ft. The
general slope is to the E., and the greater part of the
surface may be described as a rolling, well-watered, and
fertile plain. The chief crops are oats, barley, and
potatoes. (For agricultural statistics, see Appendix.)
An immense quantity of butter is produced and ex-
ported. The largest rivers are the Blackwater, Lee,
and Bandon, and these are navigable by their estuaries
for considerable distances. The fisheries are very ex-
tensive. Copper, lead, anthracite, coal, iron, and lime-
stone are all worked to some extent. The copper mines
at Allihies, in bar. Bear, are less important than for-
merly. Manganese is abundant, particularly near
Leap, in the S.; chalybeate springs occur at Mallow
and at many other places. The co. is divided into
East and West    Ridings,    and comprises    23 bars.—

Barretts, Barrymore, Condons and Clangibbon, Cork,
Duhallow, Fermoy, Imokilly, Kerryeurrihy, Kinalea,
Kinnatalloon, Kinsale, Muskerry East (part of), and
Orrery and Kilmore, in East-Riding; and Bantry, Bear,
Carbery East (E. and AV. divs.), Courceys, Ibane and
Barryroe, Kinalmeaky, Muskerry East (part of), and
Muskerry West, in AVest-Riding; 251 pars.; and the
pari, and mun.    bor. of    Cork (2 members).    For

parliamentary purposes it is divided into 7 divi-
sions, viz., North, North-East, Mid, East, West,
South, and South-East,    1 member for    each    divi-
sion.—2. Cork,    cap. of    co., mun. and    pari,    bor.,

seaport, and bar., on the river Lee, 11 miles above its

Gazetteer of the British Isles, Statistical and Topographical, by John Bartholomew, F.R.G.S.

Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1887. Public domain image from


The Celtic word Cork or Corcaah sisrnifles “a marsh.”

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