Bartholomew’s Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) page 294 right column

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Forfar, co. town, pari, and royal burgh, and par.
with ry. sta., Forfarshire, in the Valley of Strathmore,
14 miles NE. of Dundee, 54 NE. of Edinburgh, and 471
NW. of London—par., 8353 ac., pop. 14,470; royal
burgh, pop. 13,579; pari, burgh and town, pop. 12,817;
P.O., T.O., 6 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-days, Wed-
and Saturday. The staple industry is the mfr.
of linen, especially of the coarser varieties ; in connec-
tion with the linen factories are several bleachworks.
Forfar was a royal residence of Malcolm Canmore,
whose castle stood on the Castle Hill, a conical mound
to the NE. of the town. Malcolm’s queen, Margaret,
had also a residence on the Inch in Forfar Loch, to the
AV. of the town, a sheet of water which has been much
reduced by draining operations. Forfar was made a
royal burgh by David I. (1124-1153). The castle, then
occupied by an English garrison, was captured and de-
molished by King Robert Bruce, 1308; it was never
rebuilt, and its site is now marked by the town cross
(1648). Forfar unites with Montrose, Bervie, Arbroath,
and Brechin in returning 1 member to Parliament.

Forfarshire (or Angus), maritime co. in E. of Scot-
land ; is bounded N. by the cos. of Aberdeen and Kin-
cardine, E. by the North Sea, S. by the Firth of Tay,
and W. by the co. of Perth; greatest length, 37 miles;
greatest breadth, 27 miles; area, 560,087 ac., pop.
266,360. The surface presents great variety. In the
NAY. are the Braes of Angus, a group of spurs of the
Grampians, intersected by romantic glens; in the
SAY., 8 miles from and parallel to the Firth of Tay,
are the Sidlaw Hills ; between the Braes of Angus and
the Sidlaw Hills is the fertile valley of Strathmore
(Great Valley) or Howe of Angus; from the Sidlaw
Hills to the coast on the E. and S. the land is level
and highly cultivated. From Dundee to Arbroath the
coast consists of sand; from Arbroath to Lunan Bay it
is formed of sandstone cliffs, culminating in the
Red Head. The chief rivers are the Isla, a tribu-
tary of the Tay, and the North Esk and South Esk,
which flow SE. to the North Sea. Agriculture has the
advantage of the most approved methods, and cattle
rearing is carried to great perfection; the polled Angus
cattle, however, are now raised chiefly in the county of
Aberdeen. (For agricultural statistics, see Appendix.)
Nearly the whole of the NAY. of the co. is either waste
land, or is occupied as sheep-walks or deer-forests.
Granite is the prevailing rock in the N. portion of the
Grampians, and sandstone in the neighbourhood of the
Sidlaw Hills ; sandstone flags are quarried in the Car-
mylie district, and there are limeworks in the neigh-
bourhood of Montrose. The principal industry is the
mfr. of linen and jute, Dundee being the chief seat of
those trades in Britain. The co. contains 51 pars, aim
5 parts, the pari, and police burgh of Dundee (2 mem-
bers), the pari, and police burghs of Montrose, Arbroath,
Brechin, and Forfar (part of the Montrose Burghs—1
member), and the police burghs of Broughty Ferry and
Kirriemuir. It returns 1 member to Parliament.

Forgan, coast par., N. Fifeshire, 49S3 ac., pop. 3308 ;
contains the town of Newport, on the Tay.

Forgandenny, par. and vil. with ry. sta.—par.,
partly in Kinross but chiefly in Perth, 8946 ac., pop.
627 ; vil., in co. and 3¼ miles SW. of Perth ;

Forge Mills, ry. sta. (for Coleshill), N. Warwick-
shire, 9¼ miles NE. of Birmingham.

Forge Valley, dist. and ry. sta. in Derwent valley,
North-Riding Yorkshire—dist., between Hackness and
East and AYest Ayton; sta., 6¼ miles SE. of Scar-
borough ; had at one time a large iron manufactory.

Forgerow, part of Carron, Stirlingshire.

Forgie, hamlet with ry. sta., on E. border of Elgin-
shire, 3¼ miles NW. of Keith.

Forglcn, par., NE. Banffshire, 6249 ac., pop. 744;
P.O.; the church is 2 miles W. of Turriff; 2¼ miles
NAY. of Turriff is
Forglcn House (15th century, re-
built 1842), seat of the Abercrombies of Birkenbog.

Forgney, or Concall, par., S. co. Longford, on river
Inny, 1 mile SE. of Ballymahon, 5454 ac., pop. 882;
contains Pallas.

Forgue, par., NAA7. Aberdeenshire, 7¼ miles NE. of
Huntly, 17,354 ac., pop. 2422;

Forkill, par. and vil., S. co. Armagh, 6 miles SW.
of Newry—par., 12,578 ac., pop. 4797; vil., pop. 177;
P.O., T.O., called Forkhill; 1 mile SE. of vil. is Forkill
or Forkhill House.

Forkings, hamlet, 9 miles E. of Hawick, Roxburgh.

Formal, Knock of, wooded hill, W. Forfarshire, at
W. end of Loch of Lintrathen, alt. 1158 ft.

Formartine, ancient dist. of mid. Aberdeenshire,
between Buchan and Garioch; gives the title of vis-
count to the Earl of Aberdeen.

F’ormby, coast township and vil. with ry. sta.,
Walton on the Hill par., SAY. Lancashire, 7 miles SW.

Gazetteer of the British Isles, Statistical and Topographical, by John Bartholomew, F.R.G.S.

Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1887. Public domain image from

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