Bartholomew’s Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) page 316 right column

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Glasgow, pari, and royal burgh, partly in Renfrew¬
shire but chiefly in Lanarkshire, on river Clyde, 14
miles SE. of Dumbarton (at the commencement of the
Firth of Clyde), 47½ (by rail) W. of Edinburgh, and404½
(by AYest Coast route) NAY. of London—royal burgh
(co-extensive with City par.), pop. 166,128; parlia¬
mentary and municipal burgh, pop. 511,415; town
(municipal and suburban), pop. 674,095; 13 newspapers.
Wednesday. Glasgow is the commercial
and industrial metropolis of Scotland, and claims to bp
the second city of the British Empire. It is an ancient
place, but almost the only monument of antiquity
which it contains is the Cathedral (1179), dedicated to
St Mungo, or Kentigern, the apostle of Strathclyde,
who is said to have settled at Glasgow about 580. The
old University buildings in High Street have been con¬
verted into a railway station; the new University build¬
ings (1870), on Gilmore Hill, in the NW. of the city, are
probably the finest modern specimen of secnlar archi¬
tecture in Scotland. The University (1450) had in 1882-
1883 professors to the number of 27, and students to
the number of 2275, of whom 1307 were Arts students.
The commercial importance of Glasgow is of compara¬
tively modern date. At the Reformation the population
was about 5000, at the Union about 12,000, and at the
beginning of the 19th century about 77,000; it is now,
including the neighbouring burghs, which are essentially
parts of Glasgow, about 750,000. The chief natural cause
of the rapid growth of Glasgow is its position within
the richest coal and ironstone field in Scotland, and on
the banks of a river which has been rendered, by almost
incredible labour, navigable for vessels of the largest
tonnage. Its industries, which are characterised by
their immense variety, include textile mfrs. (principally
cotton, woollen, and carpets); bleaching, printing, and
dyeing; chemical mfrs.; the iron mfr., engineering, and
shipbuilding. All the iron trade of Scotland is con¬
trolled by Glasgow, which is also the headquarters of
the great shipbuilding industry of the Clyde. Glasgow
has 4 distilleries and 6 paper mills. It is one of the
three principal seaports of the United Kingdom. The
harbour extends along the river for over 2 miles, and
includes 2 tidal docks, one of them (the Queen’s Dock) the
largest in Scotland. The foreign trade is with all parts
of the world, but chiefly with India, the United States,
Canada, and South America,Belgium, France, and Spain.
(For shipping statistics, see Appendix.) Glasgow con¬
tains terminal stations of the 3 great trunk lines of
Scotland; and its railway communications are assisted
by the City Union Railway and the Underground Rail¬
way. Tramways penetrate into every suburb, and the
Clyde is crossed by numerous bridges and ferries. There
are 4 parks—the Green, the Kelvingrove or West End
Park, the Queen’s Park, and the Alexandra Park. The
health of the city has been greatly benefited by the
Loch Katrine water supply, completed in 1859, and by
the Improvement Act of 1866. The New Municipal
Buildings, at the E. end of George Square, were founded
October 1883. Glasgow is a brigade depdt; the barracks
(1876) are at Maryhill. The burgh returns 7 members
to Parliament—7 divisions, viz., Bridgeton, Camlachie,
St Rollox, Central, College, Tradeston, and Blackfriars
and Hutchesontown, 1 member for each division ; its
representation was increased from 3 to 7 members in
1885, when the pari, limits were extended; the Univer¬
sities of Glasgow and Aberdeen return 1 member.

Glasgow, Port, Renfrew. See Port Glasgow.

Glasgow, Paisley, and Johnstone Canal, 11 miles
long, from Port Eglington, in S. of Glasgow, to John¬
stone, Renfrewshire; was opened 1811, and converted
into a railway 1884.

Glasgow City Parish, 14,926 ac. (including Barony
par.), pop. 166,128.

Glashare, par., Queen’s co. andco. Kilkenny, 3miles
NE. of Johnstown, 2758 ac., pop. 216.

Glashmore, school, Drumoak par., Kincardineshire.

Glashven, hill, Argyllshire. See Glas Bheinn.

Glashvin, hamlet, Kilmuir par., Skye island, on
Staffin Bay, 18 miles N. of Portree.

Glaslech, 11 miles from Carrickmacross, S. co.
Monaghan; P.O.

Glas-loch Mor, loch, Rogart par., Sutherland, near
source of river Brora.

Glaslough, vil. and seat with ry. sta. (Glasslough),
Donagh par., in co. and 5 miles NE. of Monaghan, on
Glas Lough, pop. 203; P.O., T.O., called Glasslough,
1 Bank. Market-day,

Glaslyn, rivulet, on borders of Carnarvon and Meri¬
oneth, traversing Aberglaslyn Pass.

Glasnacardock, school, Glenelg par., Inverness.

Glasnevin, par. and vil., in co. and 2 miles N. of
Dublin post-office, on river Tolka, 995 ac., pop. 1741;
P.O., T.O.; the Botanic Garden is a favourite resort of
the people of Dublin ; at Glasnevin Cemetery, Curran,
O’Connell, and other Irish celebrities, are buried; in
vicinity is the seat of Glasnevin House.

Glass, par., partly in Banffshire but chiefly in Aber¬
deenshire, 12,594 ac., pop. 1020; P.O.; the church is
on the river Deveron, 6 miles W. of Huntly.

Glass, Loch, Ross-shire, on border of Kiltearn and
Alness pars., at NE. base of Ben Wyvis.

Glass, Biver, Inverness-shire ; is formed by the con¬
fluence of the Affric and Amhainn Deabhaidh at Fasna-
kyle, and flows 12 miles NE. through Strath Glass to
Erchless Castle, where it unites with the Farrar to
form the Beauly; has salmon and trout.

Glass Houghton, township, Castleford par., E. div.
West-Riding Yorkshire, 2 miles NE. of Pontefract,
1079 ac., pop. 1049; P.O.

Gazetteer of the British Isles, Statistical and Topographical, by John Bartholomew, F.R.G.S.

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