Bartholomew’s Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) page 466 left column

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pop. 289; township, pop. 165; P.O.; in vicinity of vil.
is the seat of Lamport Hall.—2. Lamport, hamlet,
Stowe par., in co. and 2 miles NW. of Buckingham.

Lampton, vil., Heston par., Middlesex, in SAV. of
co., lg mile NE.
of Hounslow; P.O.

Lamyatt, par. and vil., Somerset, 2 miles N. of
Bruton ry. sta., 1000 ac., pop. 250 ;

Lan . See also Llan .

Lana, school, Pancrasweek par., Devon.

Lanark, pari, and royal burgh, par., and co. town of
Lanarkshire, near river Clyde, 31 miles SE. of Glasgow,
and 366 NW. of London by rail—par. 10,385 ac., pop.
7580; royal burgh, pop. 5874; pari, burgh and town,
pop. 4910;
P.O., T.o., 4 Banks. Market-days, Tuesday
and Saturday. Lanark is an ancient place, said to have
been erected into a royal burgh by Alexander I. The
name is associated with the early struggles of Sir Wil-
liam AVallace. The principal industries are weaving,
shoemaking, and brewing. The Falls of Clyde, in the
neighbourhood, attract numerous visitors. Lanark is
one of the Falkirk District of Parliamentary Burghs,
which returns 1 member.

Lanark, New, vil., in co. and 1 mile S. of Lanark, on
river Clyde, pop. 706 ;
P.O.; has spinning mills and an
educational institution. New Lanark was founded in
1783 by David Dale, and was the scene of the social ex-
periments of Dale’s son-in-law, Robert Owen.

Lanarkshire, inland co. in SW. of Scotland; is
bounded N. by Dumbartonshire and Stirlingshire, E. by
Linlithgowshire, Edinburghshire, and Peeblesshire, S.
by Dumfriesshire, and W. by Ayrshire and Renfrew-
shire ; greatest length, NW. and SE., 52 miles; greatest
breadth, NE. and SW., 34 miles ; area, 564,284 ac., pop.
904,412. Lanarkshire is often called Clydesdale, occupy-
ing, as it does, the valley of the Clyde, which traverses
the county from SE. to NW., and receives numerous
tributary streams, including the Douglas, Avon, and
Calder. The surface rises towards the S., where the
Lowther or Lead Hills reach an alt. of 2403 ft. The
Upper Ward is chiefly hill or moorland, affording excel-
lent pasture for sheep; the Middle AVard contains the
orchards for which Clydesdale has long been famous;
and in the Lower Ward are some rich alluvial lands along
the Clyde; but all over the county a considerable pro-
portion of the soil is moist, marshy, and barren. Dairy-
farming is prosecuted with success. (For agricultural
statistics, see Appendix.) The minerals are very valu-
able ; coal and iron are wrought to such an extent that
Lanarkshire is one of the principal seats of the iron
trade ; lead is mined in the Upper Ward. The co. com-
prises 40 pars, and 4 parts, the pari, and mun. burgh
of Glasgow (7 members, and Glasgow University, with
that of Aberdeen, 1 member), the pari, and police
burghs of Airdrie, Hamilton, and Lanark (part of the
Falkirk Burghs), the pari, and police burgh of Ruther-
glen (part of the Kilmarnock Burghs), and the police
burghs of Biggar, Govan, Govanhill, Hillhead, Mary-
hill, Motherwell, Partick, and Wishaw. For pari, pur-
poses it is divided into 6 divisions—viz., Govan, Partick,
North-Western, North-Eastern, Mid, and Southern, 1
member for each division. The representation of Lan-
arkshire was increased from 2 to 6 members in 1885.

Lancashire, or Lancaster, co. palatine and maritime
shire, in NW. of England, bounded N. by AVestmorland
and Cumberland, E. by Yorkshire, S. by Cheshire, and
AY. by the Irish Sea; greatest length, 76 miles; greatest
breadth, 45 miles; area, 1,208,154 ac.; pop. 3,454,441.
A detached part of the co., known as Furness (25 miles
long, 23 miles broad), is separated from the main portion
by Morecambe Bay and a part of Westmorland co. The
coast line of Lancashire is very irregular, the chief
inlets being Morecambe Bay, Lancaster Bay, and the
estuaries of the Mersey and the Ribble. Towards the
shore, which comprises great stretches of sand, the land
has generally a flat appearance. In the N. and E. it
becomes more elevated, but the chief heights are in
Furness, where an alt. of 2633 ft. is reached at Coniston
Old Man. The principal rivers are the Mersey, Ribble,
Lune, Wyre, Winster, and Leven. Peat prevails in the
soil of the upland districts, while much of the low lying
land consists of a rich loam. The chief crops are oats,
wheat, and potatoes. (For agricultural statistics, see
Appendix.) Carboniferous limestone abounds in the

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