Bartholomew’s Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) page 561 left column

Click on the image for a larger version suitable for printing.


Monkton Wyhl, eccl. dist., Whitchurch Canonicorum
par., Dorset, and Uplyme par., Devon, near Lyme
Regis, pop. 224.

Monition and l’restwlck, coast par., Kyle district,
Ayrshire, 3769 ac., pop. 2121; contains the vils. of
Monkton, Prestwick, and part of New Prestwick.

Monktonliall, hamlet, Inveresk par., Edinburgh-
shire, 1 mile SW. of Musselburgh.

Monktown, par., mid. co. Meath, 5 miles SE. of
Navan, 1869 ac., pop. 193.

Monkwearniouth, ry. sta., Durham, in bor. of
Sunderland. See
Monk AVearmouth.

Monkwood, seat, in par. and 44 miles NE. of May-
bole, Ayrshire, on river Doon.

Monmore, bog, Ibrickan and Moyarta bars., co. Clare.

Mon more Green, ry. sta., Staffordshire, on SE. side
of Wolverhampton.

Monmouth, parl. and mun. bor., par., and co. town
of Monmouthshire, 19 miles S. of Hereford and 145
miles from London by rail—par., 3420 ac., pop. 5586;
bor. (extending into Dixton Newton par.), 4983 ac.,
pop. 6111; P.O., T.O., 3 Banks, 2 newspapers. Market-
Saturday. The mfrs., which are inconsiderable,
include ironfounding, tanning, and tinplate-working,
also chemical works and sawmills. Monmouth is plea-
santly situated in a fine valley, sheltered by hills, near
the junction of the rivers Wye, Monnow, and Trothy,
It has considerable historical interest. During the
Saxon era it was a stronghold, intended to check
the Britons who descended from the fastnesses of Wales.
It has some remains of a famous castle, the favourite
residence of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and the
birthplace of Henry Y. Monmouth received a charter of
incorporation from Edward YI.; it was made a parlia-
mentary borough in the reign of Henry VIII. It
unites with Newport and Usk in returning 1 member
to Parliament.

Monmouthshire, maritime co., in W. of England,
bounded N. by Herefordshire and Brecknockshire, E. by
Gloucestershire, S. by the Bristol Channel, and W. by
Glamorgan; greatest length, N. to S., 32 miles; greatest
breadth, E. to AY., 27 miles; area, 370,350 ac. ; pop.
211,267. On the coast-line (22 m.) the only indentation
is that formed by the mouth of the Usk. The co. has a
hilly appearance in the N. and NAA'., and culminates in
the Sugar Loaf (1954 ft.). The chief rivers are the AVye
and Usk; the latter is navigable for large vessels as far
as Newport. Other streams are the Monnow, Ebbw, and
Rumney. The streams afford excellent sport for anglers.
Towards the seaboard the land is low and flat, and to
guard against the encroachments of the sea extensive
sea walls and earthworks have been erected. Wheat
and rye are the chief crops produced in the fertile val-
leys of the Usk; oats and barley are grown in the
uplands. (For agricultural statistics, see Appendix.)
AYliile farming and grazing are leading employments,
there are in the AY. large industries connected with
coal mines, iron mines, and iron mfrs. The mineral
district of the co. contains over 100 coal mines. Mon-
mouthshire has a powerful interest for antiquaries. It
has many remains of ancient feudal castles, and among
its ecclesiastical ruins are the splendid remains of the
abbeys of Llanthony and Tintern. The co. contains 6
hundreds, 147 pars., the Monmouth Boroughs (Mon-
mouth, Newport, and Usk—1 member), and the mun.
bors. of Monmouth and Newport. It is entirely in the
diocese_ of Llandaff. For parliamentary purposes the
co. is divided into 3 divisions, viz., Northern, AVestern,
and Southern, 1 member for each division; the repre-
sentation of Monmouthshire was increased from 2 to 3
members in 1885.

Monmouthshire Canal (1792), from Newport N. to
Pontypool; rises 447 ft., and is 17| miles long.

Monnfngton-upon-Wye, par. and vil., Hereford-
shire, on river Wye, 3 miles SW. of Moorhampton sta.
and 54 miles SW. of Weobly, 1011 ac., pop. 89 ; Mon-
nlngton Court, a fine old building, said to be the place
where Owen Glendower died, is now a farmhouse.

Monnow, river, Herefordshire and Monmouthshire ;
rises in Herefordshire, on the Black Mountain, near
border of Brecknockshire, and flows SE., chiefly along
border of Herefordshire and Monmouthshire, to the
Wye at Monmouth ; is 28 miles long.


Click on the image to get a large bitmap suitable for printing (45 MB)

Page 560 right column ... Page 561 right column

This page is written in HTML using a program written in Python 3.2, and image-to-HTML-text by ABBYY FineReader 11 Professional Edition.