Pcldon, par. and vil., Essex—par., 2246 ac., pop.
458 ; vil., 6 miles S. of Colchester ; P.O.
Pelham, Brent, par., Herts, in NE. of co., 5 miles
E. of Buntingford, 1636 ac., pop. 232 ; P.O.
Pelham, Enrneaux, par., Herts, in NE. of co., on
river Ash, 5½ miles NW. of Bishop Stortford, 2585 ac.,
pop. 571; P.O.
Pelham, Stocking, par., Herts, in NE. of co., 6
miles E. of Buntingford, 647 ac., pop. 173.
Pelham Place, seat, 3 miles SW. of Alton, Hants.
Pelhams Lands, par., Lincolnshire, near Fossdyke,
1059 ac., pop. 160.
Pcllews Redoubt, fort, on E. side of St Marys,
Pellipar, seat, near Dungiven, mid. co. Londonderry.
Pelly Point, headland, on AV. coast of Cornwall, 4
miles NE. of Tintagel Head.
PelsaU, township and ry. sta., Wolverhampton par.,
Staffordshire, 3 miles NE. of AValsall, 1194 ac., pop.
2928; P.O., T.O.
Peiter Bridge, bridge across the river Rothay, West¬
morland, 2 miles NW. of Ambleside.
Pelton, eccl. dist., township, and vil., Chester le
Street par., Durham—dist., pop. 5374 ; township, 1161
ac., pop. 4130; vil., 2 miles NW. of Chester le Street;
P.O., called Pelton Fell.
Pel wall HaU, seat, on AV. border of Staffordshire,
near Market Drayton.
Pelyn, seat, 1 mile SW. of Lostwithiel, Cornwall.
Peiynt, par. and vil., Cornwall—par., 4683 ac., pop.
672; vil., 10 miles SAV. of Liskeard; P.O. ; near the
vil. is Peiynt Honse, seat.
Pemberton, town and township with ry. sta., AVigan
par., SAV. Lancashire, 2½ miles AV of AVigan, 2894 ac.,
pop. 13,762; P.O., T.O. ; has brickworks and cotton
mills ; coal mines are in the, neighbourhood.
Peinbrey, seaport town and par. with ry. sta.,
Carmarthenshire, on river Burry, 5½ miles W. of
Llanelly, 14,298 ac. (178 water), 762 tidal water and
6024 foreshore, pop. 5663; P.O., T.O., called Burry
Port; 1 Bank; has extensive tin and copper works,
and carries on trade in coal. Pcmhrey Hill affords
fine views. The seaport is also called Burry Port :
Pembridge, par. and vil. withry. sta., Herefordshire,
inNW. of co.—par., 7077 ac., pop. 1318; vil., 7 miles
W. of Leominster; P.O., T.O.
Pembroke, pari, and mun. bor., market town,
and co. town of Pembrokeshire, on navigable creek
of Milford Haven, 9½ miles AV". of Tenby and 253
miles from London by rail—pari, bor., 6298 ac., pop.
16,339; mun. bor., 5626 ac., pop. 14,156; P.O., T.o., 2
Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Saturday. The found¬
ing of the town is supposed to have been contempor¬
aneous with the founding of the castle, with which is
associated all the history of the district. Pembroke
Castle is said to have been the birthplace of Henry
VII. It resisted for a long time the assaults of
Cromwells forces. The ruins show walls of 14 ft. in
thickness. The town has now but little trade beyond
that connected with the Government Dockyard, which
occupies 80 ac. of ground, and is strongly fortified. The
inhabitants of the locality are chiefly tradespeople and
dockyard workers. The Pembroke District of Parlia¬
mentary Boroughs until 1885 comprised Pembroke,
Milford, Tenby, and Wiston; since 1885 it also com¬
prises Haverfordwest, Fishguard, and Narberth; it
returns 1 member.
Pembrokeshire, a maritime co. of South AVales,
washed by the sea on all sides excepting the NE. and
E., where it is bounded respectively by Cardiganshire
and Carmarthenshire; greatest length, N. to S., about
30 miles; greatest breadth, E. to W., about 25 miles;
area, 391,181 ac., pop. 91,824. The coast line, which
on the S. is rugged and inhospitable, shows several in¬
dentations of more or less importance to mariners; they
include St Brides Bay and Milford Haven in the S.,
and Newport and Fishguard Bays in the N. Inland
the surface of the co. displays a succession of green
hills, with fertile valleys intervening. Among the Pre-
seley Hills the highest elevation (1764 ft.) is reached.
The chief rivers are the Teifi, which separates the co.
from Cardiganshire in the NE., the East Cleddau, and
Gazetteer of the British Isles, Statistical and Topographical, by John Bartholomew, F.R.G.S.
Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1887. Public domain image from Gedcomindex.com
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