Stacksteads, vil. with ry. sta., Spotland township,
Rochdale par., SE. Lancashire, 1½ mile SW. of Bacup;
P.O., T.o.; has a large cotton mill.
Stacuinny, par., NE. co. Kildare, on river Liffey, 2
miles S. of Leixlip, 568 ac., pop. 94.
Staddiscoinhe, vil., Plymstock par., Devon, 3 miles
SE. of Plymouth; P.O.
Staddle Bridge, hamlet, North-Riding Yorkshire, 2
miles from Osmotherly; P.O.
Staddlcthorpe, hamlet with ry. sta., Blacktoft par.,
East-Riding Yorkshire, 5 miles E. of Howden.
Staddon, vil., near Holsworthy, Devon.
Staddon Point, bold promontory, Devon, on E. side
of Plymouth Sound, 2| miles S. of Plymouth.
Stadhampton, par. and vil., Oxfordshire—par., 1623
ac., pop. 268; vil., on river Thames, 6 miles N. of
Wallingford; P.O., T.O.
Stafl'a, an uninhabited island of the Inner Hebrides,
Kilninian and Kilmore par., Argyllshire, 6 miles N. of
Iona, 6 miles from the nearest point of Mull, and 54
by steamer W. of Oban ; is about 1½ mile in circuit, has
a greatest alt. of 144 ft., and affords excellent pasture.
The coast of Staffa is pierced with grand basaltic
caverns, the principal of which is Fingals Cave, 227 ft.
long, 42 ft. broad at the entrance, and 66 ft. high.
Stafficld, township, in par. and 1½ mile NW. of
Kirkoswald, Cumberland, 5636 ac., pop. 247; contains
Staffield Hall, seat.
Staffin (or Stenseholl), hamlet, Kilmuir par., Skye
island, Inverness-shire, near head of Staffin Bay, 18
miles N. of Portree; P.O. See Stenscholl. Staffin
Bay, on NE. side of Skye island, 4 miles SE. of Rudha
Hunish, is 1½ mile across the mouth and ¾ mile deep;
on E. side of bay is Staffin Island (½ mile by ¾ mile).
Stafford, pari, and mun. bor., par. and township,
and county town of Staffordshire, on river Sow, 27 miles
NW. of Birmingham and 134 NW. of London by rail—
par. (Stafford Saints Mary and Chad), 8441 ac., pop.
17,032; township, 3653 ac., pop. 14,399; bor. (compris¬
ing Stafford township, part of Hopton and Coton town¬
ship, Stafford par., and part of Castle Church par.),
1012ac., pop. 19,977; 3 Banks, 2 newspapers. Market-
day, Saturday. Stafford grew up around a Saxon
stronghold, which was replaced after the Conquest by
a Norman castle. Fragments of the old walls still
remain. The town is pleasantly situated, and is in
, general well built. Among the principal objects of in¬
terest are the two old churches of St Mary and St
Chad, both recently restored; Edwards YI.s grammar
school; the William Salt library; the county and
town buildings, &c. Stafford is an important rail¬
way centre. Its chief industrial establishments are
breweries, tanneries, and several extensive factories
for the mfr. of boots and shoes. Izaak Walton (1593-
1683), the angler, was a native. Stafford gives the
title of marquis to the Gowers, and of baron to the
Jerninghams. It returns 1 member to Parliament; it
returned 2 members from Edward I. until 1885, when
its parliamentary limits were extended.
Staffordshire, co. in west-midlands of England;
i bounded NAY. and N. by Cheshire, NE. and E. by
Derbyshire, SE. by AVarwickshire, S. by Worcester¬
shire, and W. by Shropshire; greatest length, N. and
S., 50 miles; greatest breadth, E. and W., 34 miles;
area, 748,433 ac., pop. 981,013. Staffordshire lies in
j the basin of the Trent, which traverses the co. from
| NW. to SE., receiving the Sow (with its tributary the
I Penk), Tame, Blythe, and Dove. Except in the north,
which is chiefly wild moorland, the surface is generally
level or gently undulating. About three-fourths of the
surface is arable, but much of the soil is of a cold
clayey nature; the best land is in the south. Along
the banks of the streams are many rich meadows. (For
agricultural statistics, see Appendix.) The new red
i sandstone occupies the whole of the centre of the co.,
hut in the N. and S. are 2 valuable coal fields—the
! Pottery coal field and the Dudley coal field, the latter
of which is celebrated forthe extraordinary thickness of
j one of its seams, for the excellence of its coal for ironmak-
ing, and the number and richness of its iron ores. Its
: mineral wealth has given Staffordshire rank as the third
co. in England for manufacturing industry, North Staf¬
fordshire being the chief seat of the earthenware mfr. in
Click on the image to get a large bitmap suitable for printing (45 MB)