Bartholomew’s Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) page 761 left column

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hundreds, 152 parishes with parts of 2 others, the
pari, and mun. bor. of Croydon (1 member), the pari,
bors. of Battersea and Clapham (2 members), Camber-
well (3 members), Lambeth (4 members), Newington (2
members), Southwark (3 members), and Wandsworth
(1 member)—all the pari. bors. being metropolitan
except Croydon—and the mun. bors. of Godalming,
Guildford, Kingston upon Thames, and Reigate. The
eo. is in the dioceses of Canterbury, Rochester, and
Winchester. For pari, purposes it is divided into 6
divisions — viz., North-Western or Chertsey, South-
Western or Guildford, South-Eastern or Reigate, Mid
or Epsom, Kingston, and North-Eastern or Wimbledon,

1 member for each division.

Sussex, maritime co. in SE. of England, bounded N.
and NE. by Surrey and Kent, SE. and S. by the
English Channel, and W. and NW. by Hants; greatest
length, N. and S., 27 miles; greatest breadth, E. and
W., 76 miles; area, 933,269 ac., pop. 490,505. From
the Hants border, near Petersfield, to Beachy Head,
the co. is traversed by the South Downs ; to the N. of
this range of chalk hills is the valley of the Weald,
rising into the Forest Ridge on the NE., and sinking on
the SE., towards the sea, into wide marshes. The
rivers are not important; they are the Arun, Adur,
Ouse, and Rother, all flowing S. to the English Channel.
The principal means of communication are the rail-
ways; these belong chiefly to the London, Brighton,
and South Coast system, which has steamers running
daily between Newhaven and Dieppe. The most fertile
soil is the low land along the coast, which yields heavy
crops of grain and hay; the South Downs are chiefly
pastoral, and support a well-known breed of sheep to
which they give name; the Weald consists generally of
sandy or tenacious clays of a very indifferent descrip-
tion, but the clays produce a stiff soil, remarkably
favourable to the growth of forest trees, particularly
the oak, and about 150,000 acres are under wood; hops
are grown in the eastern part of the co., which borders
on the hop districts of Kent. (For agricultural
statistics, see Appendix.) Ironstone is abundant, and
so long as wood only was used for smelting the co. was
one of the chief seats of the British iron trade.
“ Sussex marble,” a kind of limestone containing fresh-
water shells, is worked near Petworth. The mfrs.
include woollens, paper, gunpowder, bricks and tiles,
&c., but are not extensive. The seaports are now small
and comparatively unimportant, but the mildness of
the climate along the sea coast has led to the growth of
numerous watering and bathing places and health
resorts, including Brighton, Hastings, Eastbourne,
AVorthing, Seaford, Littlehampton, and Bognor.
Sussex was the scene of much of the early history of
the country, and is rich in archseological remains.
The co. contains 6 rapes, which comprise 68 hundreds,

2 liberties, the pari, and mun. bors. of Brighton (2
members) and Hastings (1 member), and the mun.
bors. of Arundel, Chichester, Eastbourne, Lewes, and
Rye. It is almost entirely in the diocese of Chiches-
ter. For pari, purposes it is divided into 6 divisions
—viz., North-Western or Horsham, South-Western or
Chichester, Northern or East Grinstead, Mid or Lewes,
Southern or Eastbourne, and Eastern or Rye, 1 mem-
ber for each division ; the representation was increased
from 4 to 6 members in 1885.

Snssex Road, 1 mile from Haywards Heath,

Snstcad, par., Norfolk, 8 miles NW. of North
Walsham, 522 ac., pop. 116.

Susvvorth, hamlet, Scotter par., Lincolnshire, 9
miles NE. of Gainsborough.

Sntconihe, par. and vil., Devon, 5 miles N. of Hols-
worthy, 3593 ac., pop. 407.

Sutgrove, hamlet, Miserden par., Gloucestershire, 7
miles NAV. of Cirencester.

Sutherland, maritime co. in the extreme N. of Scot-
land ; is bounded W. and N. by the Atlantic Ocean, E.
by Caithness and the Moray Firth, and S. by the Dor-
noch Firth and Ross and Cromarty; greatest length,
NW. and SE., 63 miles; greatest breadth, NE. and SW.,
60 miles ; area, 1,297,846 ac., pop. 23,370. The N. and
NW. coasts are bold and rocky, some of the cliff
scenery being remarkably grand, but along the Moray

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