Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 6
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ed by many pilgrims, and carried in procession
annually to Tobolski.

Abana, a river of Syria, called in Scripture, to-
gether with Pharpar, rivers of Damascus.xe2x80x94See
2 Kings v. 12.

Alancay, a province of Peru, S. America; the
Chief town thereof, of the same name, is situate
about 60 m. N. W. of Cuzco. There is also a
river of the same name flowing through the pro-
vince, and another town in Cuenca, province of

Abano, a considerable town of Italy, in the vi-
cinity of Padua, distinguished for its hot sulphu-
reous baths.

Abascia, or Abgah, a country of Asiatic Russia,
lying between the Caspian and Black Seas. The
in hub. are estimated at about 150,000, subsisting
chiefly by hunting and plunder, >and speaking a
language peculiar to themselves.

Aba-Ujvar, a palatinate of Upper Hungary,
about 700 sq. m. in extent, divided into 102 par-
ishes. Pop. about 120,000.

Abb, a town in Yemen, Arabia.

AbbcnhaU, a village, l2 m. from Gloucester, 3
from Newnham, Eng. noted for a mineral spring,
very efficacious in the cure of cutaneous eruptions.

Abberbury or Alberbury, a large parish, divided
into 5 townships, in Shropshire, and 4 others in
Montgomeryshire, containing together 1,946 in-
habitants. The village of Alberbury is 7 m. W.
of Shrewsbury. Pop. 332. It was formerly the
site of an alien priory and castle.

Abbeville, a considerable town of France, in the
department of Somme, and late province of Pi-
cardy, seated in a pleasant valley, where the riv-
er Somme divides into several branches, and sep-
arates the town into two parts. It is pretty well
peopled; has a woollen manufactory, besides
manufactories of sail-cloth. It lies 15 m. E. from
the British Channel, 20 N. W. from Amiens, 52
S. of Calais, and 80 N. W. of Paris. Long. 1. 5.
lat. 50. 7. N.

Abberton, a village near Pershore, noted for a
bitter aperient mineral spring; also another vil-
lage, 6 m. S. of Colchester.

Abbeville, a district of S. Carolina, about 700 sq.
m. in extent. The lands are agreeably diversified
with hill and dale, well watered and productive.
Pop. 28,134. The chief town of the same name
is situate on Savannah river, 118 m.W. by N. of

Abbeyfeale, a parish in Connello, Upper Barony,
co. of Limerick, Ireland, containing, in 1821,
3,070 inhab. The village contains 437 of the in-
hab. It had formerly a monastery, and in the vi-
cinity are the ruins of Purt Castle.

Abbey-Green, a village, in the parish of Lesmah-
gow, co. of Lanark; 6m. S. W. of the town of
Lanark. It had formerly an abbey, and also a
priory. The entire parish of Lesmahgow con-
tained 5,592 inhab. in 1821.

Abbey-Holme, a quarter of the parish of Holm
Cultram, co. of Cumberland. Pop. of the entire
parish in 1821, 2,772, and of the Abbey quarter,
758, which is pleasantly situate on the river Wa-
ver, 27 m. N. of Penrith.

Abbeyleix, a parish in Cullinagh Barony,
Queen’s Co. Ireland. Pxc2xb0P- in 1821, 5,485. The
town is sometimes called Clonkyne, and contains
about 2,000 of the inhab. 48 m. S. W. of Dublin.

Abbotstown, p.t. York Co. Pa.

Abbcyville, p.t. Mecklenburg Co. Va. 143 m.
from Richmond.

Abb's Head, St. a promontory, forming the
southern extremity of the Frith of Forth, lying in
the parish of Coldingham and the co. of Berwick,
Scotland, about 10 miles N. of Berwick, and the
same distance S. from Dunbar. W. long:. 2. 8.
lat. 55. 55. N.



Abda, a small but fertile prov. of Morocco.

Abenrade, or Apenrade, a town of Denmark, in
Sleswick, now very flourishing, being double thu
extent it was formerly, and built in a better taste.
It is seated on a spacious open bay in the Little
Belt, surrounded on three sides by high moun-
tains, which render the harbour safe. Pop. about

3,000. Long. 9. 26. E- lat. 55. 3. N.

Abensperg or Abensberg, a town in the circle of
Regen, Bavaria, seated on the Abens, near tlw
Danube, 15 m. S. W. of Ratisbon.

Aber, a village in Caernarvonshire, N. Wales.
6 m. E. from Bangor, on the direct road from
London to Holyhead. Pop. 625.

*** There are 15 towns and villages in Wales,
to which the word Aber is prefixed, which signi-
fies the fall of a lesser water into a greater, and
usually refers to a place situate at the mouth of a

Aberbrothock, or Arbroath, an ancient royal burgh
and sea-port, situate at the estuary of the river
Brothock, partly in a parish of the same name,
and partly in tliat of St. Vigeans, in the co. of
Forfar, Scotland, 56 m. N. NT E. of Edinburgh,
-in 56. 34. N. lat. and 2. 35. W. long. William I.
surnamed the Lion, king of Scotland, founded a
magnificent abbey at Arbroath, in 1178, and con-
ferred upon it very extensive immunities. Some
vestiges of the building still remain to attest its
former grandeur. A harbor was formed in 1194,
to the eastward of the present one ; the impor-
tance of the town declined with the devastation of
the abbey, during the ruthless period of the refor-
mation. The commerce of the town revived about
the year 1738, when the linen manufacture was
introduced, which progressively extended up to
the commencement of the war in 1793, when it
was vastly promoted by the increased demand
for sail-cloth. 4,000 to 5,000 tons of shipping be-
long to the town, part of which is employed in
the importation of flax, deals, &c. from the Bal-
tic. A public library was established in 1727; a
new town-hall has been more recently erected,
and the town at large has undergone considera-
ble improvement. The harbour at spring tides
will only admit vessels of about 200 tons burthen,
but being exceedingly well sheltered and commo-
dious, and easily made, it affords security to ves-
sels of easy draught of water. Arbroath is, how-
ever, a manufacturing rather than a commercial
town. It has 3 fairs annually, 31si of Jan. 3rd
Wed. of June, and 18th of July. Pop. in 1821

Abercorn, a village and parish, in the co. of Lin-
lithgow, Scotland, on the S. bank of the Frith of
Forth, 12 m. W. of Edinburgh. A monastery ex-
isted here in the 7th century ; and the castle of
Abercorn was a place of great strength in the fa
mily of the Douglasses. It was dismantled in
1445, and no trace of either monastery or castle
now remains. Abercorn still gives the British
title of Marquis, and the Scottish title of Earl to a
branch of the family of Hamilton. The Roman
wall is said to have begun in this parish. The
village has increased in importance since 1810, by
its contiguity to the Union Canal. Pop. in 1821.

Abercorn, v. Effingham Co. Geo. 18 m. N. Sa

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