Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 18
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AIR    18    A1X

en the west side of the island, on a point of land
that juts into the gulf, 160 m. S. E. of Toulon.
Long. 8. 43. E lat. 41. 56. N.

Ajan or Ajen, a country on the eastern coast of
Africa, extending from Magodoxa to Cape Guar-
dafui, 1,500 leagues. It is divided into several
states or kingdoms ; the principal of which are
Adel and Magadoxa. The south coast of Ajan is
sandy and barren, but to the N. it is more fertile.
The kings of Ajan are frequently at war with
the emperor of Abyssinia, and sell the prisoners
which they take. Ivory, gold, and horses of an
excellent breed, are the articles of trade.

Ajazzo, Aias or Ajasso, a seaport of Asiatic
Turkey, in Syria, seated on the Mediterranean on
the site of the ancient Issus, where Alexander
fought his second battle with Darius. It is 30 m.
S. of Antioch, and 40 W. Aleppo. Long. 36. 10.
E. lat. 36. 0. N.

Alch or Aichach, a town of Bavaria, with a cas-
tle, seated on the Par, 18 m. S. of Neuberg.

Aichstadt, a town of Franconia in Bavaria. In the
church is a piece of curious workmanship, called
the Sun of the Holy Sacrament, which is of
massy gold, enriched with diamonds, pearls, ru-
bies, and other precious stones. It is seated on
the Altmuhl, 40 m. S. by E. of Nuremburg.
Long. 11. 10. E. lat. 48. 50. N.

Aid, t. Lawrence Co. Ohio.

Aidal, the principal seaport of Nubia, seated on
a mountain, on the coast of the Red sea. It has
a trade in ebonv, and aromatic plants. Long. 35.
57. E. lat. 22. 20. N.

Aigen, a town of Austria, on the confines of
Bohemia. 24 m. N. W. of Steyre.

Aigle, a town of Switzerland, in the canton of
Vaud. All the houses, even the meanest, are built
of white marble, found in the neighbourhood. It
is seated near the Rhone, 6 m. from its entrance
into the lake of Geneva.

Airrle, a town of France, in the department of
Orne, 47 m. S. W. of Rouen.

Aignan, St. a town of France, in the depart-
ment of Loire and Cher, on the river Cher, 24 m.
S. by E. of Blois.

Allah, a town of Arabia Petrea, at the head of
an inlet of the Red sea, 108 m. E. S. E. of Suez.
Long. 34. 10. E. lat. 29.10. N.

Ailly, a town of France, in the department of
Somme, 9 rn. S. S. E. of Amiens.

Ailsa, an insulated rock, in the frith of Clyde,
off the coast of Ayreshire, Scotland, its base is 2
m. in circumference. It consists of a stupendous
assemblage of precipitous cliffs, rising in a pyra-
midial series, 900 ft. high, accessible on the N. E.
It affords refuge to an immense number of sea-
fowl, and is well stocked with rabbits. The ruins
of a chapel and of a castle, are still seen; and
near the latter is a spring of fresh water. It
gives the title of Baron of the United Kingdom,
to the family of Kennedy, Earls of Cassillis, in

Ain, a department of France, which takes its
name from the river, bounded on the N. E. and
S. by the departments of Jura, Mont Blanc,
and Isere, and on the W. by those of the Rhone
and the Loire, and Saone and Loire. Bourg is the

Airdrie, a town in the parish of New Monk-
land, Co. of Lanark, Scotland. It has an iron
foundry, and a considerable trade in the distilla-
tion of malt spirits. It is 10 m. E. of Glasgow,
on the direct road to Edinburgh. Pop. in 1821,
4,860, and of the parish, 7,362.

Aire, a town of France, in the department of
Landes, seated on the side.of a mountain, on the
river Adour, 65 m. S. of Bourdeaux. Loner. 0.
10. E. lat. 43.42. N.

Aire, a town of France, in the department of
Pas de Calais. It communicates with St. Omer,
by a canal, 22 m. S. of Dunkirk. Lonnr. 2. 24.
E. lat. 30. 42.

Aire, a river in Yorkshire, which issues from
a lake on Malham moor, near Settle, flows by
Skipton, Keighley, Leeds, and Snaith,and enters
the Ouse, below Howden.

Aisne, a department of France, including the
territories of Soissonnois and Vermandois. It
takes its name from a river which runs by Sois-
sons, and enters the Oise, above Compiegne. It
was overrun by the allied armies in 1814. and was
the scene of several obstinate and bloodv bat-
tles fought between the allies and French, in the
months of February and March, of the same year.
Laon is the capital.

Aix, an ancient city of France, capital of the
department of the Mouths of the Rhone, and an
archbishop's see. It was founded by C. S. Cal-
vinus, a Roman General, 120 B. C. and was
formerly the capital of Provence, when it had a
parliament. It is seated in a plain, where there
are hot baths near the river Arc, accidentally
discovered in 1704, but several medals and other
antiques, dug up at that time, confirm the baths
being known to the Romans. It is 75 m. E of
Montpelier. Long. 5. 27. E. lat. 43. 32. N.

Aix, a town of Savoy, on the lake Bourget.
Here are mineral waters, much frequented. It is
12 m. N. by E. of Chamberry.

Aix, a small island of France, between the isle
of Oleron and the Continent. It is 12 m. N. W.
of Rochfort. Long. 1. 10. W. lat. 46. 5. N.

Aiz-la-Chapelle, a city of Prussia in the grand
duchv of the lower Rhine, lately an imperial ci-
ty of Germany, in ihe duchy of Juliers. Charle-
magne was so delighted with the beauty of
the place, that he chose it for his residence ; he
is interred in the church of Notre Dame, where
they kern his sword and belt. It is seated in a
bottom, surrounded by mountains. 22 m. N. E. of
Lei<re. Long. 5. 54. E. lat. 50. -52. N. Pop. 33,


The population of the town, during the period
of its prosperity, was estimated at upwards of

100,000, mostly supported by their native manu-
factures, which were carried on to a considerable
extent; being chiefly in woolen cloths, needle-
works, Prussian blue, white soap, needles, and
pins. The impolitic selfishness of the trading
guilds or corporations has been a great check up-
on manufacturing industry, and the population
has proportionally decreased. The two last-nam
ed branches of manufacture are, however, still
carried on with much spirit.

The town consists of two parts : the inner, about
three quarters of a league in circumference, and
flanked with ten towers, of which Charlemagne
is said to be, if not the founder, the great improv
er; and the outer, by which the former has been
surrounded. The latter has eight gates, is about
two leagues in circuit, and is built partly of brick
and partly of a blue stone raised from a quarry at
some distance. There are upwards of seventy
streets; some handsome, and adorned with fine
houses. Though no large river approaches the
town, it is abundantly supplied from three streams
which flow through it, the Pau, the Paunelle,
and the Johannis whose waters are found fully


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