Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 213
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COL    213    COL

in the district of Vesoul, 4 m. N. E. of Vesoul,
and 10 west of Lure.

Colomiers, a town of France, in the department
of Seine and Marne, 18 m. S. E. of Meaux, and
40 E. of Paris.

Colonna, Cape, the S. E. point of Livadia, 30 m.
S. E. of Athens. The name also of another cape
on the east coast of Calabria, near the entrance to
the Gulf of Tarento, in lat. 39. 6. N.

Colonsa, a fertile island off the west coast of
Scotland, to the west of Jura. It is separated on
the south from that of Oronsa, by a narrow chan-
nel, which being dry at low water, they may be
considered as one island, about 12 miles long and
2 broad. Pop. in 1821, 904.

Coloor, a town of Hindoostan, in the circar of
Guntoor, near which is a diamond mine. It is
situate on the south side of the Kistnah, 13 m. N.
W. of Condavir.

Colorado, a river of Mexico, which falls into
the Gulf of California, at its head, in the lat. of 33.
N. The main branch, which is called the St. Ra-
fael, has its source in the lat. of about 40. N. not
far distant from those of the del Norte, the Arkan-
sas and the Platte, all of which flow, south and west,
into the Gulf of Mexico. There are six other
branches, all of which have their source north of
the 36th deg. of N. lat. which fall into the St.
Rafael, whose united stream may be considered
the main branch of the Colorado ; about 50 miles
above its entrance into the Gulf of California it is
united by another stream, from the eastward call-
ed the Gila. These rivers are said to afford sev-
eral hundred miles of navigation for vessels of
considerable burthen.

' Colorado, of Red River, is also the name of
another river, rising east of the Andes in the lat. of

32. S. running in a S. S. E. direction, through the
red loamy plains of Pampas and Buenos Ayres in-
to the S. Atlantic Ocean, in the lat. of 40. S.

Colouri, an island of Greece, formerly called
Salamis, near the coast of Livadia, seven miles
long and two broad. The principal town is of the
same name, on the south side, with an excellent
harbour, 17 m. W. by S. of Athens. It was in
the strait between this island and the main land
that Themistocles defeated the Persian fleet.

Coloswar. See Clausenburg.

Cofsterworth, a village in Lincolnshire, Enrr. on
the Witham, 8 m. S. of Grantham, celebrate! for
being the birth-place of the famous Sir Isaac

Columb, St. a town in Cornwall, Eng. seated
on a hill 26 m. N. N. W. of Penrvn, and 249 W.
S. W. of London. Pop. in 1821, 2,493.

Columbia, District, a territory ten miles square
upon both sides of the Potomac between Virginia
and Maryland. It is under the immediate juris-
diction of the United States, and contains the seat
of the Federal Government. It comprises the
, cities of Washington, Alexandria and George-
xe2x96xa0 town. It is divided into 2 countries, Washing-
ton and Alexandria, and contains a population of

Columbia, a county of the state of New .York,
on the east side of the Hudson River, bounded on
the east by Berkshire County, Massachusetts.
It is about 35 m. from N. to S. and 20 from W. to
E. Pop. 39,962. It is divided into 14 townships.
It yields some iron at Ancram in the S. E. part
of the county. The city of Hudson
(which see) on
the east bank of the noble river of that name, is the
chief place in the county.

Columbia, a town of the district of Maine, in

Washington County, situate on Pleasant River
near the Atlantic, 15 m. W. S. AV. of Machias
Pop. 663.

Columbia, ph. Coos Co. N. H. on the Connecti
cut. Pop. 442.

Columbia, a county in the state of Georgia,
bounded on the E. by the Savannah Rirer, which
divides it from Edgefield County, South Carolina.
It is nearly a square of about 25 m. each way ; be-
ing on the verge of the upland district. It is a
healthy, agreeable, and fruitful county. Pop.

Columbia, a city of South Carolina, capital of
Kershaw County, and the seat of government of
the state ; is situate on the Congaree, just below
the conflux of the Saluda and Broad rivers, 110
m. N. N. W. of Charleston, 170 S. W. of Raleigh,
and 507 S. AV. by S. of Washington. Long. 81.

10. AV., lat. 33. 58. N. The College of South Car-
olina at this place was founded in 1801. It has 9
instructors and 111 students, with a library of 7,000
vols. It has one vacation in July, August, and

Columbia, a town of Pennsylvania, in Lancas-
ter County, situate on the Susquehannah, at
Wright’s Ferry, 12 m. W. of Lancaster, and 70
AAT. by N. of Philadelphia. xe2x80xa2

Columbia, is also the name of a township in
Herkimer County, New York, and of a town in
St. Lawrence County, in the same state, 227 m.
N. W. of Albany. Pop. 2,181.

* A There are 7 other towns called Columbia
in the U. S.

Columbia River. See Oregon, t

Columbianay,a county of the State of Ohio. It
is a scuare of about 35 m. each way ; the S. E.
comer jets upon the Ohio River at the point
where it divides the state of Ohio from that
of Virginia, the east side being bounded by Bea-
ver County, in the state of Pennsylvania. It is
intersected from the N. AV. hy Little Beaver Riv-
er, which falls into the Ohio at the point of union
with Beaver County. The fertility and local ad-
vantages of this county may be inferred from the
increase of population since 1810, when it was
10,870, and in 1830, 35,508. There is a town of
the same name in the north part of the county;
but the chief town is New Lisbon, on the north
bank of Little Beaver River, in the centre of the
county, 185 m. E. N. E. of Columbus.

Columbiaville, a village of Columbia Co. N. Y.
on the Kinderhook Creek on the East bank ofthe
Hudson just above the city of Hudson. Here are
11 manufactures, producing yearly 16,240,000
yards of calico, besides carpeting and flannels.

Columbo, tlie maritime capital of Ceylon. In
1805, its site was the residence of a powerful na-
tive chief, on whose territory the Portuguese
first settled in 1517, and founded the present town
in 1638; the Portuguese in 1658, were expelled
by the Dutch, and they surrendered it to the Eng-
lish in 1796. The fort, upwards of a mile in cir-
cumference, stands on the extremity of a peninsu-
la, and is strong both by nature and art. The
town is huilt more in the European style than any
other garrison in India, and nearly divided into
four equal quarters by two principal streets, to
which smaller ones run parallel, with connecting
lanes between them. The natives, who are very
numerous, live in the old town, without the walls
of the new, as in most of the maritime cities of the
east. Its inhabitants comprise some of all nations,
and the aggregate population is very considerable
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