Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 221
Click on the image to view a larger, bitmap (.bmp) image suitable for printing.


Click on the image above for a larger, bitmap image suitable for printing.

COP    221    COR


3j means of canals; and here the merchants assem-
ble. The new royal market is the largest square
in the city, and almost entirely composed of
stately buildings ; as the academy of painting and
sculpture, the theatre, the great hotel, the artil-
lery house, &c. and in the centre is a marble
equestrian statue of Christian V. In the north
suburbs is an obelisk of reddish stone, erected in
1793, by the city, to the honour of Christian VI.
on his abolishing vassalage ; and around its pedes-
tal are four female figures of white marble. The
citadel is a regular fortification, with five bas-
tions, a double ditch full of water, and several ad-
vanced woiks. This city ewes' its present beauty
to the fire of 1728, which destroyed five churches
and 67 streets, having been rebuilt in a better
style. It suffered greatly by fire in 1794; and
again in the following year. The new part of the
town, raised by Frederic V., is extremely beauti-
ful. It consists of an octagon containing four
uniform and elegant buildings of hewn stone, and
of four broad streets leading to it, in opposite direc-
tions. In the middle of the area stands an eques-
trian statue of Fred. V. in bronze, as large as life,
which is justly admired. The round tower built by
Christian IV. and designed for an observatory,
is a singular structure, not having a single step
in it. though very lofty : its ascent is by a spiral
road nearly fourteen feet wide, and one of their
kings has driven in his carriage up and down it.
On the interruption to the commerce of Holland,
bv the events of the French revolution in 1793-4,
Copenhagen became the principal entrepot for the
commerce of the north of Europe; and for this,
no place can be more advantageously situated;
but Denmark becoming involved in the conten-
tions of that period, and joining in a confederacy
with Russia and Sweden against the naval as-
cendancy of England, an English fleet, in March,
1801, was despatched to bombard Copenhagen,
when, after considerable damage being done to
the town, and 23 ships of war taken or destroyed,
an armistice was entered upon, which led to a
treaty of peace with all the northern powers, but
not without operating as a severe check to the
commercial enterprise of Copenhagen. In 1807,
the British government, although at peace with
Denmark, sent a fleet of 17 ships of the line, with
frigates, which bombarded the city for three days,
when 300 houses, the cathedral, and part of the
university were destroyed, and as many more
buildings greatly damaged. Eighteen Danish
ships of the line, fifteen frigates, six brigs, and
twentv-Sve gun-boats, with all the naval stores in
the arsenal of Copenhagen, were carried off by
the British. This infamous act of treachery was
committed under the pretence that the French
would otherwise become masters of the Danish
fle**t. The city is five miles in circumference,
seated on the east shore of the isje of Zealand, at
the entrance into the Baltic Sea, about 25 m.
within the strait called the Sound, 340 m. S. W.
of Stockholm, fcd 500 N. E. of London. Long.

12. 35. E., lat. 55. 41. N. See Amak.

Copiapo, the most northern province of Chile,
Tounded on the north by the great desert of Ata-
cama, east bv the Andes, and west by the Pacific
Ocean, being about m. from N. to S. from 24.

20. to 28. of S. lat., and about 90 in mean breadth,
abounding in mines of gold, iron, copper, sulphur,
tin, and lead. The chief town, of the same name,
stands on the south side of a river, also of the
same name, at its entrance into the Pacific Ocean,
490 m. N. by E. of Valparaiso. Long. 70. 50. W.

























0 1

1 1

2 1

3 1


lat. 27. 20. S. On the Andes, in a parallel line
with the town of Copiapo is a volcano, called the
Volcano of Copiapo.

Coppenbruge, a town of Hanover, in the princi-
pality of Collenberg, 10 m. E. by N. of Hamelen.

Copper-Mine River, a river of North America,
Which runs from south to north into the Icy Sea,
in the long, of 111. 5. W., and 69. 7. of N. lat.

Coppet, or Copet, a town of Switzerland, with a
castle, on the west bank of the lake of Geneva,
10 m. N. of Geneva. The castle and barony be-
came the property of M. Neckar. celebrated for
his pretensions as a financier in the time of the
French Revolution : both he and his daughter,
Madam de Stael, lie interred here in a fine mau-
soleum in the castle-garden.

Coquet, a river of England, which rises on the
borders of Scotland, crosses the centre of North-
umberland, and enters the German Ocean, at
Warkworth. Opposite its mouth is a small island
of the same name.

Coquiinbo, or Serena, a seaport of Chile near
the mouth of a river of the same name, and the
capital of a province also of the same name, rich
in corn, and mines of gold and silver. The
streets are shaded with fig-trees, palms, oranges,
olives, &c. always green. It is 260 m. N. by E.
of Valparaiso. Long. 71. 19. W., lat. 29. 52. S.

Corachie. Korachee, or Crotchey, a seaport of
Asia, at the mouth of a creek which communi-
cates, in the rainy season, with the Indus, on the
western side. It is supposed to be the
of Arrian, or Port of Alexander, and is now the
principal out-port of the Afghans. The inhabi-
tants are of an enterprising disposition, and it ap-
pears to afford a favourable opening for commer-
cial adventure. It is about 100 m. W. of Tatta,
in the lat. of 24. 30. N. and 67. 15. of E. long.

Corah, a town of Hindoostan. capital of a dis-
trict of the same name, lying between the Jumna
and the main branch of the Ganges, which came
wholly into the possession of the English in 1S01.
It is a very fertile and productive district; the
town is 98 m. N. W. of Allahabad.

Corbacli, a town in the Electorate of Hesse, cap-
ital of the county of Waldeck. It is divided into
the old and new town, and near it, on a mountain,
is the castle of Eisenberg. The Hanoverians were
defeated here by the French in 1760. It is seat-
ed on the Itter, 22 m. W. of Cassel. Long. 9.1.
E., lat. 51. 16. N.

Corbeck, a town of the Netherlands, in Brabant,
3 m. S. of Louvain.

Corbeil, a town of France, in the department of
Seine and Oise, seated on the Seine at the con-
flux of the Juine, 17 m. S. of Paris.

Corbie, a town of France, in the department of
Somme, with a celebrated Benedictine abbey,
seated oft the Somme, 10 m. E. of Amiens.

Corbieres, a town of Switzerland, in the canton
of Friburg, 10 m. S. of Friburg.

Corby, a town of Lincolnshire, Eng. 13 m.' N.
of Stamford, and 102 N. by W. of London.

Cordilleras. See Andes.

Cordova, an interior province of Andalusia, in
the south of Spain, comprising an area of about

5,500 square miles, and in 1810 contained a popu-
lation of 252,028. It is divided into nearly twin
equal parts, by the Gaudalquivir river, which in-
tersects it from east to west: the N. W. part is
mountainous, but the more southern part is ex
ceedingly fertile in corn, fruit, wine, and olives
It was formed into an independent kingdom by
Abderame, a Moorish General, about the vear 69o
.    T 2


This page was written in HTML using a program
written in Python 3.2