Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 223
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COR    223    COR

they therefore built a wall across it, called Hexa-
because it was six miles in length. This
was demolished by Amurath II., rebuilt by the
Venetians, and levelled a second time by Ma-
homet II.

Corinth, a town of the Morea, situate on the
northern declivity of a mountain, sloping towards
the Gulf of Lepanto and the preceding isthmus,
to which it gives name. During the zenith of
Grecian glory, Corinth justly ranked among the
most important and magnificent cities of Greece :
its temples, theatres, and fountains, were the
admiration of every beholder. In the propor-
tions and richness of their columns and porticos,
architecture was perfected, leaving nothing for
after ages to perform in that noble art, but to
copy: and the Corinthian pillar or column now,
more or less adorns every city of the civilized world.
Corinth fell a prey to the fury of the Roman arms
under Mummius in the year 146 B. C.; and al-
though Julius Csesar endeavoured to restore it to
its former grandeur, in whose time it was visited
by St. Paul, it has progressively sunk into a place
of insignificance. It fell into the hands of the
Venetians during the ephemeral career of their
ascendency; the Turks became masters of it in
1715, and it now forms a part of Independent
Greece. It had formerly a port on the Gulf of
Egina, called
Cenchrea, as well as on that of Le-
panto ; but the former is now little used. The
ancient citadel,
Acro-Corintkus, still remains en-
tire, and to a well-disciplined garrison, may be con-
sidered impregnable. Corinth is the seatof a Greek
metropolitan and bishop. Pop. abont 1,500. It is
65 m. E. by S. of Patras, and 43 W. by S. of Athens.

Corinth, ph. Penobscot Co. Me. Pop. 712.
Also a ph. in Orange Co. N. Y. Pop. 1,953. Also
a ph. in Saratoga Co. N. Y. Pop. 1,412.

Cork, a maritime county forming the southwest
extremity of Ireland, having upwards of 100
miles of sea-coast, indented with several very
spacious and safe bays and harbours, opening into
the Atlantic Ocean. It is about 35 miles in mean
breadth from south to north, and is intersected
from east, to west by two fine rivers, the Black-
water and the Lee, with five or six others of in-
ferior note. The following are the principal bays
and harbours, beginning at the west: viz. Bantry,
Dunmaaney. Baltimore, Glandore, Ross, Clonakil-
tv. Kinsale. Cork, and Youghal. Besides the city
of Cork, the principal towns in the interior are
Charlerille. Mallew, Daneraile, Michelstowri,
Band in. Cloyne, &c. Bandon, Mallow, and
Youghal. each return one, and the city of Cork
ana the c uutv each two members to the parlia-
ment of the United Kingdom. The agriculture
of this county, both in tillage and pasture, has
been much improved since the middle of the
eighteenth century, and in conjunction with the
adjoining interior county of Tipperary, supplies a
great portion the English marine wiih salt-beef
and pork, more especially the former, and exports
vast qaantit:-=-5 of butter; and since 1800, it has
also exported a considerable quantity of grain.
Some woolen manufactures are carried on for in-
ternal consumption in the eastern part of the
county, and during the present century, several
efforts have been made to establish the cotton
manufacture over the county generally. For terri-
torial extent, divisions, population, &c. see

Cork, City of. and capital of the preceding
county, supposed to have been first founded by
the Danes in the 6th century, is beautifully and
advantageously situate on the banks of the River

Lee, about five miles above its entrance into Cork
Harbour. Cork, in conjunction with Ross, is a
bishop’s see. The city is divided into twenty-two
parishes, which in 1821, contained a population of
100,658, being an increase of upwards of 35,000
since 1813, exclusive of 8,998 in eight of the pa
rishes which extend beyond the stations of the
city. Next to Dublin, Cork is the largest and
most important place in all Ireland. During the
twenty-four years’ war, from 1793 to 1815, Cork
Harbour was one of the chief rendezvous of the
British navy; and the extensive demand which
that war created for salt provisions, enabled Cork
to become the largest and most celebrated market
in Europe for that article. The Cork beef contin-
ues to be the chief source of supply, not only of the
national, but of the commercial navy of the United
Kingdom, and for long voyages and tropical
climates, is preferred by the ships of all nations.
As the chief commercial town in the south-west
of Ireland, Cork receives the surplus production,
not only of the whole county, but of the greater
part of those of Kerry and Tipperary, which it
also supplies with such British and foreign pro-
ductions as are received in exchange. Since the
commencement of the war in 1793, the city has
undergone great improvement, both in regard to
public and private buildings. There are five
bridges over the Lee; that of St. Patrick is a fine
structure. The exchange, custom-house, and
town-hall, are all fine edifices. It has two thea-
tres, several hospitals, and other public buildings.
The cathedral, erected between 1725 and 1735, is
a stately edifice, and some of the parish churches
are of the like character. The barracks on the
north side of the city, situate on an eminence,
present a very imposing aspect. Cork has a pub-
lic brewery on a very extensive scale, and which
makes also its own malt. The city is 125 miles
southwest of Dublin, in the lat. ofiSl. 54. N., and
8. 28. of W. long.

Cork, Cove of, is that part of the harhour ol
Cork usually occupied as the anchorage ground.
The harbour, which is entered by a deep and nar-
row channel, and defended by a strong fort on
each side, is about nine miles from the mouth ol
the River Lee, and about the same extent in
breadth. At the upper end is an island called
Great Island, from four to five miles long from
west to east, and from two to three miles wide.
At the west end of this island is a town called
Cove, which, in 1821, contained 6,508 inhabitants,
and the rest of the island 2,897 more ; and at the
entrance of the channel between Great Island and
the main land, are two small islands called Haul-
bowline and Rocky Islands, strongly fortified, and
inhabited by 950 persons; and thus, whilsi the
natural positions of Cork Harbour are such as to
afford accommodation for the whole British ma-
rine, secure from the effects of the elements, the
fortifications render the shipping and the town
equally secure from the irruptions of an enemy;
and the surrounding shore being studded with
neat and commodious residences render the whole
as picturesque and agreeable as it is important in
point of security and defence.

Corleone, a large and well-built town of Sicily,
in the Val di Mazzara. It is 24 miles S. S. W. of
Palermo. Pop. about 12,000.

Corlin, a town of Further Pomerania, with a
castle. It has considerable woolen manufactures,
andis seated on the Persant, 10 m. S. E. of Colberg.

Cormanlin, a town of Guinea, on the Gold
Coast, large and populous. Here the Dutch have


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