Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 228
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gratified his curiosity is still shown, with his effigy
always newly dressed for the procession which is
on the Friday preceding Trinity Sunday.

It had formerly extensive manufactures of
woolens and worsted stuff’s, now quite discontin-
ued in this part of the country, they having been
supplanted by the manufacture of ribbons,of which
it is the focus for the produce of from 17 to 18,000
looms. It has also, two tolerably extensive es-
tablishments for the manufacture of watches, and
four or five others of inferior importance. It has
a canal communicating with the grand line of ca-
nal navigation between London, Liverpool, and
Manchester. It is situate on the verge of the great
coal strata, running through all the northern part
of the country. The vein is worked in abun-
dance within five miles of the city of Coventry.
The city is divided into two parishes, and the
churches, contigious to each other, are both fine
structures, more particularly so that dedicated to
St. Michael, which was twenty-two years in
building, and finished in 1394. The spire is 303
feet high, and deservedly ranks among the most
beautiful specimens of architecture in the king-
dom. There is a third spire, the church to which,
has long since been demolished; but there is a
third church with a stately tower, which serves
as a chapel of ease to St. Michael. The three
spires form beautiful and interesting objects in
the perspective from the surrounding country for
many miles, on all sides. The corporation con-
sists of a mayor and nine other aldermen. St.
Mary’s Hall, in which the archives of the city
are kept, and its business transacted, is an ancient
and venerable edifice : the county hall is a neat
Doric structure. It has a free-school and two
hospitals, and had formerly a very extensive eu
tablishment of Carmelites, or Whitefriars, whose
house, after lying in ruins many years, was con
verted into a workhouse in 1806, at which period
the two parishes were united for parochial purpo-
ses. Coventry is united with Litchfield, as a bish*
op’s see, but Coventry does not exhibit any eccle-
siastical parade. It returns two members to parlia-
ment. Its market on Friday is well supplied,
and it has three fairs annually ; one on the Friday
preceding Trinity Sunday, on the occasion of
the procession of Lady Godivia, is numerously
attended, and continues till the Friday following.
Since 1820 the city has undergone considerable
improvements in the widening, cleaning, and light-
ing the streets, and several new buildings have
been erected. It is 10 m. N. by E. of Warwick,
18 E. S. E. of Birmingham, and 91 N. W. of Lon-
don, on the mail-coach road to Liverpool.

Coventry, t. Grafton Co. N. H. 100 in. fr. Ports-
mouth. Pop. 441. Also a p.t. in Orleans Co.
Vt. Pop. 728. Also a p.t. iri Tolland Co. Conn.
Pop. 2,119. Also a p.t. in Kent Co. R. I. Pop.
3.851. Also a p.t. Chenango Co. N. Y. Pop.
1,576. Also townships in Chester Co. Pa. and
Portage Co. Ohio.

Coveriporum, a town and fortress of Hindoos-
tan, in Mvsore, on the south bank of the Cavery,
60 m. S. E. of Mysore. Long. 77. 38. E., lat. II.

51. N.

Covert, p.t. Seneca Co. N. Y. Pop. 1,791

Covilham, a town of Portugal, in Beira. It has
a manufacture of woolen cloth, and is 18 m. S. W.
of Guarda.

Covington, a county of the state of Mississippi,
bounded on the north by the territory of the Choc-
taw Indians, and intersected by the line of road
from the Tennessee River to Lake Portchartrain,

Pop 2,549. Williamsbnrgh is th*' chief town
Also the name of a newly-formed county, in the
state of Alabama, bordering on West Florida.
Pop. 1,522. Montezuma is the chief town.

Covington, p.t. Genesee Co. N. Y. Pop. 2,716
Also the name of 8 other towns and tillages in
Pa., Va., Geo., Ken., Illinois, Mississippi, and

Cowbridge, a corporate town of Wales, in Gla-
morganshire. It is called by the Welsh, Port-
saen, from the stone bridge over the river, which
soon after enters the Bristol Channel. Near it
are the remains of Llanbithian Castle, of which
a massive gateway is now converted into a barr ,
and about a mile distant, on a lofty hill, are the
ruins of Penline Castle. Cowbridge is 12 m. W.
of Cardiff, and 173 of London. Pop. in 1820,

Cowes, a seaport on the west side of the Isle of
Wight at the mouth of the Medina, or Cowes.
On the opposite side is the village of East Cowes,
and at each place is a fort built by Henry VIII
for the security of the island and road. Cowes
has an excellent harbour, which is much frequent-
ed by ships to repair damages sustained at sea,
and to water; and also a good trade in provisions
&c. for the use of shipping. During the summer
it is much frequented for the purpose of sea-bath-
ing ; and here are a number of genteel lodging-
houses, and an assembly room. It is 12 m. S. hy
E. of Southampton, 12 m. W. S. W. of Ports-
mouth, and 86 S. W. of London. Pop. in 1821,

Cowlduraga, a town ol Hindoostan, in Mysore
with a strong hill fort. It is surrounded by hilL
and forests, and stands 12 m. S. of Niagara.

Cowpens, in Union District S. C. at the north
ern extremity of the state, is a spot remarkable in
the revolutionary history for one of the most
decisive pitched battles in the whole contest. The
Americans under Gen. Morgan here totally de-
feated the British under Col. Tarelton, Jan. 11.

Cowpershill, v. Robertson Co. N. C.

Cozumel, an island on the east coast of Yucatan
where Cortes landed and refreshed his troops, be-
fore he attempted the conquest of Mexico. It
abounds with fruit, pulse, cattle and fowls, and is
inhabited principally bv native Indians. Long

87.19. W., lat. 19. 40. N.

Craeatoa, the southernmost of a cluster of isl-
ands in the entrance of the strait of Sunda. It
consists of elevated land, gradually rising on all
sides from the sea, and is covered with trees ex-
cept a few spots, which have been cleared by the
natives for the purpose of forming rice fields,
and its coral reefs afford small turtle in abun-
dance. The inhabitants are not considerable
and their chief, like those of. the other islands ir.
the strait, is subject to the king of Bantam.

Craeoiv, a city of Poland, capital of a palatinate
of the same name, and a bishop’s see, with an uni-
versity. It was formerly the capital of Poland,
where the kings were elected and crowned,
but since the partition of Poland, it has become
a republic under the protection of Anstria, Rus-
sia and Prussia. On a rock near the Vistula
is the ancient royal palace, surrounded by brick
walls and old towers, which form a kind of
citadel. Adjoining is the cathedral, within
the walls of the citadel, in which most of the
sovereigns of Poland are interred. Though the
city and suburbs occupy a vast tract of ground,
they scarcely contain 24,000 inhabitants. The


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