Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 255
Click on the image to view a larger, bitmap (.bmp) image suitable for printing.


Click on the image above for a larger, bitmap image suitable for printing.

DOL    35o    DOM

cient Borysthenes), rising near the northern front-
ier ofthe government of Smolensk, in the lat. of

56. 20. N. and after a course of about 800 miles
in a direction nearly due S. falls into the Black
Sea, at Otchakov in the lat. of 46. 30. N. It is
navigable from above the city of Smolensk, the
whole of its remaining course, but is impeded by
rapids within about 200 miles of its entrance into
the Black Sea ; it receives a great number of trib-
utary streams both from the E. and W., the prin-
cipal of those on the E. are the Sotz, the Uiput,
and the Deszna; and from the W. the Berezina,
and the Przypiec, by the latter and a canal, the wa-
ters of the Black Sea are made to communicate
with the Baltic. See

Dneister, ariver of Europe, (the ancient Tyras),
rising on the N. side of the Carpathian mountains
in Austrian Galicia, in the long, of 23. E.; and
from the long, of 26. 20. to 29. E. in a direction
S. S. E. it divides the Polish Palatinate of Podo-
lia, from Moldavia, when it takes its course near-
ly due S. for about 100 miles past Bender, and
dividing Bessarabia from the Russian province
of Catharineslaef, falls into the Black Sea at
Akermen, 100 miles W. of Otchakov, it is navi-
gable the greater part of its course.

Dobrzin, a town of Poland in the palatinate of
Ploczko, or Polock, seated on a rock near the
Vistula, 14 m. N. AV. of Ploczko.

Dokum, a town of Holland, in AVest Friesland,
near the mouth of the river Ee, 10 m. N. E. of
Le warden.

Dodbrook, a town of Devonshire, Eng. noted
as being the first place where white ale was brew-
ed. It stands on a rivulet, by which it is parted
from Kingsbridge, 208 miles W. S. W. of Lon-
don. Pop. 885.

' Doeblen, a town of Saxony, 35 miles S. E. of
Leipzig. Population upwards of 4,000, chiefly
employed in manufactures.

Doel, a town of the Netherlands, in Flanders,
on the river Scheldt, opposite Lillo, 7 m. N. W.
of Antwerp.

Doesburg, a town of Holland, in Gelderland.
It has been often taken ; and the reduction of it,
in 1586, was the first exploit of the English for-
ces sent by queen Elizabeth to the assistance of
the Dutch. It is seated on the Yessel, 10 m. S. S.
AV. of Zutphen.

Dofar. a town on the coast of Arabia, in the
Indian Ocean, seated on the E. shore of a bay
of the same name ; it is the residence of a sheik
and exports some gum olibanum and other drugs.
Lat. 16. 16. N. and 54. of E. long.

Dogger Bank, a sand bank in the German
Ocean, between Flamborough Head and the
coast of Jutland; it is about 200 miles from AV.
to E. and 30 to 50 broad, having from 15 to 30
fathoms depth of water; it yields abundance of
excellent cod to the English and Dutch fisher-
men. A sanguinary but undecisive sea fight be-
tween the Dutch and English, took place on this
bank, on the 8th August, 1781.

Dogliani. a populous town of Piedmont, 18 m.
N. by E. of Mondovi.

Dol, a town of France, in the department of
Ille and A’ilaine. situate in a morass, 5 miles from
the sea, and 11 S. E. of St. Malo. Pop. about


Dolce Aqua, a town of Piedmont, in the county
of Nice, with a castle, seated on tha Nervia, 5 m.
N. of Vintimiglia.

Dole, a town of France, in the department of
Jura, on the river Doubs. It contains several
public buildings, evidences of Roman magnifi
cence. Under the ancient regime of France, it
was the capital of Franche Comte, until 1674,
when Bensanqon was made the capital. It is
now the seat of a prefect; and in 1825 contained
9,647 inhabitants. It is 70 miles N. by W. of
Geneva, and 30 S. E. of Dijon.

Dole La, one of the loftiest peaks of the Jura
chain of mountains, rising to the height of 5,600
feet above the level of the sea.

Dolgclly, a town of Wales, in Merionethshire,
with a manufacture of coarse woolen cloth, un-
dyed called webbing. It is seated on the river
Avon, on the foot of the mountain Cader Idris,
12 miles S. E. of Harleigh, and 208 N. W. of
London, on the road to Caernarvon, from which
it is distant 39 miles. The summer assizes for
the county are held here. Population in 1821,

Dollart Bay, a bay or lake separating East Fries-
land, in Germany, from Groningen, in Holland.
It was formed by an inundation of the sea, in
1277, when 33 villages are said to have been des-

Domfront, a town of France, in the department
of Orne, seated on a craggy rock, by the rivet
Mayenne, 35 miles N. W. of Alengon, and 65 E.
of St. Malo. It is the seat of a prefect. Pop
in 1825, 1,670.

Domingo, St. or Hispaniola, or Hayti, an island
ofthe West Indies, extending from Cape Engano,
in the long, of 68. 20. AV. to Cape Donna Maria,
in 57. 26. W., this gives an extreme length of
403 English statute, or 346 geographical miles, but
as the west end projects out in two promontories,
the mean length will not exceed 275 English
statute miles, between 18. and 20. of north lat. or
a breadth of 135 statute miles ; these limits give
an area of 23,760,000 English statute acres, being
about three fourths the extent of England exclu-
sive of Wales. The east end of the island is
separated from Porto Rico, by the Mona, or Porto
Rico channel, about 120 miles wide, and the
northern promontory of the west end is separat-
ed from the island of Cuba, by the windward
passage about 60 miles wide; and the southern
promontory of the west end, is about 100 miles
distant from the east end of the island of Jamaica.
A chain of mountains extend from the extremity of
the northern promontory of the west end to the
S. E. end of the island and about the centre rise
to the height of about 6,000 feet above the level
of the sea. Other mountain chains run in various
directions, giving great variety of feature and
climate to every part of the island, whilst streams
of water intersect it in all directions, contributing
alike to its beauty and fertility. There are four
principal streams rising about the centre of the
island, the Yuna flowing into Samana Bay in the
E., the Yaque de Santiago, flowing to the N., the
Artibonate to the AV. and the Neibe to the S.

This island was discovered by Columbus,1 on
the 6th of December, 1492, after having touched
at the Bahamas on his first voyage, and is mem-
orable for being the first spot in America, which
was colonized by Europeans. Columbus landed
at Navidad near the extremity of the N. W. prom
ontory, where he left 38 of his comrades; returning
to Spain the following month. At this time the
copntry was called
Hayti by the natives; Colum
bus gave it the name of
Espanola, or little Spain,
Hispaniola. Columbus returned in No
vember following, and landed on the N. coast
of the island in the long, of 71 near to the mouth


This page was written in HTML using a program
written in Python 3.2