Welland, and Ancholm. This country is divided
into three districts, called Holland, Kesteven, and
Lindsey. The air is various. The soil, in many
places, is very rich, the inland part producing corn
in great plenty, and the fens coleseed, and very
rich pastures; whence their breed of cattle is larger
than that of any other county of England, except
Somersetshire xe2x80xa2 their horses are also excellent,
and very large; their sheep are not only of the
largest breed, but are clothed with a long thick
wool, peculiarly fitted for the worsted and coarse
woolen manufactures, and many of the unimprov-
ed fens are devoted to the rearing of geese, the
quills and feathers of which are sent in immense
quantities to fiie London and other markets. In
the N. W. part, the rivers Trent, Dune, and Idle,
form an island, called Axholm, which is a rich
tract, and produces much flax. To the N. E. is
a large tract ofheathy land, called the Wolds,
in which great flocks of sheep are bred. The
SOUtll! :*rn portion is for the most part enclosed
and well inhabited. Lincolnshire has no consid-
erable manufactures, and its trade is almost con-
fined to the exchange of its produce for manufac-
tured and grocery goods, and other consumable
L'acolnton, towns in Lincoln Co. N. C. and
Lincoln Co. Geo.
Lmdau.a town of Bavaria, with a castle and
wall, deemed to be Roman works. The French
took possession of this city in 1796 ; and it became
subject to Bavaria in 150o. It is a trading place,
seated on an island of the lake of Constance, join-
ed to the mainland bv a long bridge, IS m. E. S.
E. of Constance, and 75 S. W. of Auosbunr
Long. 9. 41. E., lat. 47. 32. N.
Li.ndtm, a town and castle of Germany, in the
principality of Anhalt-Kothen, 5 m. N. of
Lindeness. See Naze.
Linden, p.v. Marengo Co. Alabama.
Lindenfds, a town of Germany, in Hesse-Darm-
stadt, 22 m. N. N. E. of Manheim.
Lind!ei/stmcn, p.v. Steuben Co. N. Y
Lindisfarne. See Holy Island.
Lingen, a county of Germany, in Westphalia,
divided into Upper and Lower, and partly belong-
ing to Prussia, and partly to Hanover.
Lingen, a town of Hanover, with an excellent
Calvinist academy. A little to the N. of it is a
nissag0 -'.'er trie Elbe, called the Lingen Ferry,
jt i5 or. the Elbe. 40 m. N. N. W. of
Lm-kr ~:.g. a cuv of Thina, of the first rank,
in the province of Kiang-si. It is thinly inhabit-
ed : b.itit :s of some note, on account of one of
ite villages being the general mart for all the
d-:gs s-Id in he empire. It is seated on the
Yn-.no. 4i*xc2xbb m. N. w E. of Canton. Lono- 115.
0. F... la*. 27. 5'. N.
' Lte.ir oping, a govermnent of Sweden, corres-
ponding liearly t: tine old province of East Goth-
land. It xe2x80x98..es ring the Baltic, and contains 3,280
sc. m with 1-V...V,, inhabitants.
LiTriwing. a *rwn of Sweden, capital of the
foregoing g^Temment. and a bishops see. It is
defended by a castle, and stands on the river
Steenor. near the luke Roxen, 112 m. S. W. of
Linlithgow, a borough of Scotland, capital of
Linlithgowshire, seated on a rising ground, over-
looking.a lake at its E. end. It has manufactures
of leather, and in the ne.ghbourhood are an ex-
tensive printfield, bleachfield, and two distille-
ries. Here the kings of Scotland had one of their
noblest palaces, now in ruins; but the room is
still shown in which queen Mary was born. Lin
lithgow is 17 m. W. of Edinburgh. Lon or. 3. 33.
W., lat. 56. 0. N.
Linlithgowshire, or l-Vest Lothian, a county of
Scotland, 20 m. long and 12 broad; bounded on the
N. by the frith of Forth, S. E. by Edinburghshire,
S. W. by Lanarkshire, and N. VV. by^ Stirling-
shire. It is divided into 13 parishes, and con-
tains about 20,000 inhabitants. The surface is
finely diversified witli hill and dale : it is fertile
in corn and pasture, and produces coal, iron, lime-
stone, and lead. The chief rivers are the Avon,
Linnhe, Lodi, an arm of the sea, on the W. coast
of Scotland, which separates the counties of
Argyle and Inverness. It extends in a N. E. di-
rection from the sound of Mull to Fort William,
where it takes a northerly direction, and acquires
the name of Loch Eil. Another branch, in a south-
easterly direction, is called Loch Leven. This
lake is bounded on each side by lofty mountains.
The island of Lismore lies at its entrance, and in
it are interspersed several smaller ones.
Linvidi. a town of the Prussian states, in the
duchy of Juliers : seated on the river Roer, 5 m.
N. X'. IV. of Juliers.
Lin-tchtin. a city of China, of the second rank,
in the province of Chan-tong, seated on the great
canal. Here is an octagonal tower, divided into
eight stories, the walls of which are covered on
the outside with porcelain. 187 m. S. of Pekin.
Linton, a town in Cambridgeshire, Eng. seated
on the river Granton, 10 m. S. E. of Cambridge
and 40 N. by E. of London.
Lin^z, the capital of Upper Austria, and a bish-
op's see, has two castles, and considerable woolen
manufactures. The French became masters of it
in 1741 and again in 1800. It is seated on the
right bank of the Danube, over which is a wooden
bridge, 96 m. W. of Vienna. Long. 14. 16. E.,
lat. 48. 21. N.
Lintz, a town and citadel of the Prussian states,
in the late electorate of Cologne, seated on the
Rhine, 23 m. S. S. E. of Cologne.
Lions,Gulf of, in the Mediterranean, lying along
the French coast between Spain and Italy. It
was named thus from the furious storms to which
it is subject, yet is commonly incorrectly written
Lyons, as if called after the city of that name
which is nearly 200 m. inland.
Lipari Islands, a cluster of islands in the Med-
iterranean, lying to the N. of Sicily, to which
they politically belong. They are all of volcanic
origin, were feigned to be the residence of Aldus
ana Vulcan, and formerly called jEolian Islands.
They are 12 in number; and nearly as follows,
in the order of their size: Lipari, Stromboli, Vol-
cano, Salini, Felicuda, Alicuda, Panaria, Volcan-
ello, Vacheluse, Lisca, Dattolo, and Tila Navi.
They produce great quantities of alum, sulphur,
nitre, cinnabar, and most kinds of fruits, particu-
larly raisins, currants, and figs. Some of their
wines are much esteemed, particularly the Mal-
Lipari, the largest and most fertile of the Lipari
islands, about 15 m. in circumference. It has not
suffered from subterraneous fires for ages past
though it every where bears the marks of its for-
mer volcanic state. It abounds with the currant
grape ; cotton also grows here; and great quanti-
ties of pumice are exported. It has a town of
the same name, which is a bishop s see, and stands
2 p 2