Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 483
Click on the image to view a larger, bitmap (.bmp) image suitable for printing.


Click on the image above for a larger, bitmap image suitable for printing.

MAR    483    MAR

Martin's Creek, p.v. Northampton Co. Pa. 10
m. N. riaston.

Martin, Cape, a promontory of Spain, separating
the gulf of Valencia from that of Alicant. Long.
0. 36. E., lat. 38. 54. N.

Martin, St., a town of France, in the isle of Re,
with a harbour and strong citadel, 10 m. W. N.
W. of Rochelle. Long. 1. 21. W., lat. 46. 18.

Martin, St., one of the Leeward Carribee isl-
ands, 44 m. in circumference. It has neither
harbour nor river, but several saltpits, and salt
water lakes. Tobacco is the chief commodity
cultivated. It was long jointly possessed by the
French and Dutch, was taken by the British in
1801, but subsequently restored. The W. end is
5 m. S. of Anguilla. Long. 63. 16. W., lat. 18.

4. N

Martinach, a town of Switzerland, in the Valais,
on the river Dranse, 12 m. S. W. of Sion.

Martinsville, p.t. Henry Co. Va., p.v. Guilford
Co. N. C., p.v. Morgan Co. Indiana.

Martinique, one of the Windward Carribee isl-
ands, 50 m. long and 18 broad, belonging to the
French. There are high mountains covered with
trees, several rivers, and many fertile valleys.
The chief products are sugar, cotton, ginger, in-
digo, chocolate, aloes, pimento, plantains, and
other tropical fruits. The island is extremely
populous ; and it has several safe and commodious
harbours, well fortified. It was taken by the
English in 1762,1794, and 1509, but restored in
1815. In 1806 it suffered great damage by
a tre-
mendous hurricane. Fort Royal is the capital.

Martock, a town in Somersetshire, Eng. with
an elegant church, 130 W. by S. London.

Martorano, a town of Naples, in Calabria Citra,
and a bishop’s see, 18 m. from the sea and 15 S.
of Cosenza.

Martorel, a town of Spain, in Catalonia, at the
conflux of the Noya and Lobregat, 18 m N. W.
of Barcelona.

Martos, a town of Spain, in Andalusia, with a
fortress. 10 m. W. of Jaen.

Mam, a town of Persia, in Khorasan, celebrated
for its salt works; situate on the Morga, 130 m.
E. N. E. ofMesched.

Marvao, a town of Portugal, m Alemtejo, 8 m.
N. E. of Portalegre.

Marrrjols, a town of France, department of
Lozere, seated on the Colange, 10 m. N. W. of

MarvUIe, a town of France, department of
Meuse, seated on the Oshein, 3 m. N. of Jametz.

- Mary, St.. a sea-port of the state of Georgia, in
Camden cc-unty. at the mouth of St. Mary River,
70 m. S. bv W. of Newport. Long. 81. 52. W.,
lat. 30. 43.' X.

Mary Rrxer, St.. a river of the state of Georgia,
navigable for vessels of considerable burden for
90 m. Its banks afford immense quantities of
fine timber suited to the W. India markets. It
rises in
the Okefonoko Swamp, and thence forms
the boundary between Georgia and Florida to
the oeean,
which it enters at the town of St. Ma-
ry, between
the points of Amilla and Cumberland

Mary, Strait, St., a strait in N. America, ahout
70 m. long, which
connects Lake Superior and
Lake Huron. It
contains a number of islands,
and at the upper
end is a rapid, which, by care-
ful pilots, can be descended without danger.

Maryborough, a town of Ireland, in Queen’s
county, with considerable woolen manufactures.

It is the shire and assize town, and has an excel
lent gaol and a market-house. 17 m. S. of Philips-
town and 43 S. W. of Dublin.

Maryland, one of the United States, bounded
N. by Pennsylvania, E. by Delaware and the
ocean ; S. and W. by Virginia; extending from 38.
to 39.
88. N. lat. and from 75. 10. to 75. 20. W.
long, and containing 10,800 sq. m. It embosoms
all the northern part of Chesapeak Bay, and is
washed on the south-western limit by the Potomac;
the other streams are the Patuxent, Patapsco, Sev-
ern, Choptank, and Nanticoke. A very narrow
strip of its territory extends westwardly and is
crossed by the eastern ranges of the Apalachain
mountains; but nearly the whole of the state is
level and low. In the west the soil is somewhat
strong, and in other parts are tracts of thin unpro
ductive soil, but in general the land is excellently
fitted for the cultiTre of grain and tobacco. The
climate in the southern and eastern parts is un-
healthy ; agues and intermittent fevers are preva-
lent in this quarter in summer. The mineral
productions are not numerous; bog iron is afford-
ed in many of the level tracts in the south, and
coal occurs in various quarters; neither of these,
however, are extensively worked. Agriculture
is chiefly confined to the staple articles of wheat
and tobacco ; cotton has lately been introduced,
and promises well; flax and hemp are also rais-
ed in ihe west. The manufactures consist of cot-
ton, paper, iron, glass, carpeting, &c. and there
are great numbers of flour mills in the state, par-
ticularly in the neighbourhood of Baltimore. Com-
merce is very active ; the state is admirably sit
uated for maritime trade, being intersected by the
noble bay of Chesapeak and many navigable riv-
ers. The shipping in 1828 amounted to 170,987
tons, but a great proportion of the commerce is
carried on by northern vessels. The imports for
the same year were estimated at 4,804,135 dollars;
the exports of domestic produce 3,662,273 dollars,
total exports 4,804,465 dollars.

Maryland consists of two divisions, separated by
the Chesapeak, called the
Eastern and Western
shores. The counties are 19. The population is
446,913, of whom 102,878 are slaves. Annapolis
is the seat of government. Baltimore is much
the largest city. The other principal towns are
Fredrickstown and Hagerstown. The legislature
consists of a Senate and House of Delegates.
The senators are chosen for 5 years and the Del-
egates for one. The governor is chosen by the
legislature annually. Suffrage is universal. The
senators are chosen by electors, who are chosen
by the people. Other elections are popular.

The most numerous sect are the Catholics who
have an archbishop, the metropolitan of all the
Catholics in the United States. They have in
this state between 30 and 40 churches. The
Episcopalians have 57 ministers; the Presbyte-
rians 17; the Baptist 12; the German Reformed
9. Maryland has a university at Baltimore; at
which place there is a Catholic college, and
another at Emmittsburg. There is also a col-
lege at Annapolis.

The means of internal communications have
been greatly increased by artificial improvements.
The Potomac and Ohio canal commences in tho
western part of the state, and extends north-west
erly through this state and Virginia. The Port
Deposit Canal passes along the Susquehanna to
avoid the obstructions in that river. The Ches-
apeak and Delaware canal opens a ready com
munication between these two hays, and nil

Public domain image from

Brookes' Universal Gazetteer.of the World (1850)


This page was written in HTML using a program
written in Python 3.2