Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 555
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NOV    555    NOV

ticut, 21m. above Windsor. Pop. 1,916; ph.
Hampshire Co. Mass. 15 m. W. Northampton.
Pop. 787; ph. New London Co. Conn. on the
Thames, 14 m. above New London. Pop. 5,169,
this township comprises 3 villages, the largest of
which is Chelsea Landing. Here are large man-
ufactures of cotton, flannel, carpeting, paper, iron,
lintseed oil, &c. Here is an ancient aboriginal
cemetery called the Burying Ground of the Unca-
ses. Also a ph. Chenango Co. N. Y. Pop. 3,374,
and a township of Franklin Co. Ohio, on the
8 m. above Columbus.

Nossen, a town of Saxony, on the Muldau, 18
m. W. of Dresden.

Noteburg, a town ofRussia, in the government
of Petersburg, seated on an island in the lake La-
doga, at the place where the Neva issues. It has
a good citadel, and was capital of Ingria, before
Petersburg was built. It is 25 m. E. of Peters-
burg. Long. 31. 9. E., lat. 59. 56. N.

Noto, a town of Sicily, capital of Va'l di Noto.
It was ruined by an earthquake in 1693, and near
it another town was built called Noto Nuovo. It
is 22 m. S. W. of Syracuse. Long. 15. 19. E.,
lat. 36. 50. N.

Nottingham, a borough and the capital of Not-
tinghamshire, Eng. It is situate on the side and
summit of a rock, into which are cut some small
habitations.andnumerousvaultsorcellars. To the-
W. ofthe town, on a rocky eminence, is the castle,
a magnificent modern structure, belonging to the
duke of Newcastle, built on the site of an ancient
fortress, celebrated in English history. It is a
handsome town, distinguished by its spacious
market-place, and noted for its excellent ale. It
is one of the principal seats of the silk and cotton
stockin* manufacture; the lace manufacture is
also very extensive. At this town Charles I. set
up his standard, at the commencement of the civil
war which terminated in his destruction. Not-
tingham is seated on a river, which communicates
with the Trent, 1 m. to the S. It is 16 m. E. of
Derby and 124 N. by W. of London. Long. 1. 9.
W , lat. 52. 58. N.

Nottoway, a river of Virginia flowing into the

Nottinghamshire, a county of England, 48 m.
long and 25 broad; bounded N. by Yorkshire.
It enjovs such a temperature of soil and climate
as to render it one of the most fertile and health-
ful counties in England. Almost the whole of the
middle and western parts of the county were for-
merlv occupied bv the extensive forest of Sher-
wood, the onlv roval forest N. of the Trent; but
the greater part is now enclosed and covered with
thriving towns, cheerful villages, and extensive
narks. “ The chief products of this county are
coal, of which there is great plenty, gypsum. lead,
grain of all sorts, cattle, malt, hops, wool, liquo-
rice, and wuc Tne manufactures chiefly con-
sists of hosierT. bobbin-net and net-lace, glass, and

Nottingham, p.t. Rockingham Co. N. H. 24 m.
N. W. Ports me oih- Pop. 1,157; t. Burlington
Co. N.

Nottingham. E.and W. two townships in Chester
Co. Pa., also towns in Washington Co. Pa., Prince
George Co. Md. and Harrison Co. Ohio.

Nottoway, a county gxc2xa3 the E. District of Vir-
ginia. Pop. 10. 141.

Nova Scotia, a British province of N. America,
which formerly, till 1754, included the province
of New Brunswick. It is bounded on the S. and
S. E. by the Atlantic, E. by the gut of Canso, N.

by Northumberland Strait, ai d N. W. by New
Brunswick and the bay of Fundv. Its length is
235 m. from Cape Sable on the S. W. to Cape
Canso on the N. E. Its extreme breadth is
88 m.
but the mean of the peninsular part is not more
than 45. It has several lakes and a vast number
of small rivers. It is a peninsula, lying S. E. of
New Brunswick, and joined to it by a narrow isth-
mus, at the N. E. extremity of the bay of Fundy.
The French settled here before they made any
establishment in Canada, and called it Acadia.
The first grant of lands was made to Sir William
Alexander, by James I. of England, from whom
it received the name of Nova Scotia. Since its
first settlement it has more than once changed
rulers and proprietors, nor was* it confirmed to
England till the peace of Utrecht in 1713. The
inhabitants consists of English, Scotch, Irish, and
a few Germans: recent accounts state them at

150,000, and they are rapidly increasing in num-
ber and prosperity. The soil is in man
}7 parts
thin and sterile, but there are some tracts not in
ferior to the best lands in New England. Halifax
is the capital.

Nora Zembla, an island in the Arctic Ocean
separated from the continent of Russia by the
strait of Waigatz. It is 540 iN. in length and from
10*) to 240 in breadth. This country was discov-
ered by the English in 1553. and it has since been
visited by ships attempting to discover a N. E.
passage. In 1595. a Dutch vessel being cast away
on the coast, the crew were obliged to winter
here, and with great difficulty prererved their lives.
The country is extremely desolate, producing no
trees, nor anv vegetables but moss^and some few
arctic plants. It is inhabited by wild beasts, par-
ticularly white bears, white foxes, elks, reindeer,
and rabbits. The hunters from Archangel now
generally winter here, and return home in sum-
mer with their cargoes of skins and furs. Long.

52. to 78. E., lat. 70. to 78. N.

Novalle, a town of Austrian Italy, in the Tre-
visano, 10 m. S. W. of Treviso.

Novara, a town of Italy, capital of a province of
its name in the Sardinian Milanese. It contains
17 churches, besides the cathedral, and is seated
on an eminence, 25 m. W. by S. of Milan.

Novellara, a town of Italy, in the Modenese,
with a castle, 17 m. E. by N. of Parma and 18
m. N. N. W. of Modena.

Novi, a town of the Sardinian states, in the
territory of Genoa, with a strong castle on a
mountain. It is the principal deposit for goods
coming from the Levant, which pass into Aus-
trian Italy, and thence into the S. of Germany.
Near this place, in 1799, the Austrians and Rus-
sians defeated the French, who lost their general
(Joubeit), and nearly 10,000 men. 25 in. N. by
W. of Genoa.

Novi, a fortified town of Croatia, taken by the
Austrians in 1789. It is seated on the right bank
of the Unna, 52 m. S. E. of Carlstadt. Long. 16.

53. E., lat. 4-5. 8. N.

Aon’ Bazar, a town of Servia, seated near the
Oresco, 72 m. W. of Nissaand 95 S. of Belgrade.
Long. 21.1. E., lat. 43. 35. N.

Novigrad, a town of Hungary, capital of a
county of the same, with a castle; seated on a
mountain, near the Danube, 25 m. N. of Buda.

Novigrad, a town of Austrian Dalmatia, with a
castle, seated on a lake of the same name, near
the gulf of Venice, 17 m. E. of Nona and 25 N.

Novogo' od, a city of Russia, capital of a govern















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