Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 582
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PAS    582    PAS

army burnt all the olive trees. This island was
anciently dedicated to Bacchus, on account of its
excellent wines; and has been so famous for its
marble that the best carvers would make use of
110 other. The statuaries Phidias and Praxiteles
were natives of this island ; and the famous Arun-
deiian marbles at Oxford were brought from this

Paros, or Parechia, the capital of the Isle of
Paros, and a bishop's see. It was anciently the
largest and most powerful town ofthe Cyclades;
but is greatly decayed. The walls of the castle
are built of ancient pieces of marble, and most of
the columns are placed long-wise ; some of them,
that stand upright, support cornices of amazing
size. The natives build their houses of marble,
which they find ready cut to their hands; but
thev take no care to place the pieces in a regular
manner; their fields likewise are inclosed with-
friezes, altars, and basso-relievos. The present
inhabitants are so ignorant that instead of great
sculptors, and skilful architects, they have no-
thing but carvers of mortars and salt-cellars.
Paros is situate on the Wr. coast of the island.
Long. 25. 44. E., lat. 37.
8. N.

Pariskville, p.v. St Lawrence Co. N. Y. 35 m.
S. E. Ogdensburg. Pop. 1,479.

Parret, a river which rises in the S. part of
Somersetshire, Eng. receives the Odered, lvel
and Throne, and enters the Bristol Channel at
Bridgewater Bay.

Parramatta, a town in New S. Wales, capital
of the province of the same name, with a church,
court-house, hospital, orphan-house, goal, &cft
Pop. 1,200 the soil in most places is remarkably
good. It is seated at the head of the harbour of
Port Jackson, 15 m. W. by. N.of Sydney.

Parsippany, p.v. Morris Co. N. J. 25 m. N. W.

Parsonsfield, ph. York Co. Me. Pop. 2,465.

Partenkirch, a town of Bavaria, 48 m. S. S. W.
iff Munich.

Parthenay, a town of France, department of
Deux Sevres, with a considerable trade in cattle
and corn, and manufactures of serge, hats, leath-
er, and earthenware. It is seated on the Thoue,
21 m. S. of Thours and 28. N. N. E. of Niort.

Partoncraig, a ferry-town of Scotland, in Fife-
shire. near the mouth of the frith of Tav, 9 m.
N. N. W. of St. Andrew.

Paru, a town and fort of Brazil, in the jurisdic-
tion of Para; situate on the N. side of the head
of the estuary of the Amazon, 200 m. from the
ocean. Long. 54. 20. W., lat 1. 50. S.

Parys, a mountain of Wales, on the N. W.
coast of the Isle of Anglesey, famous for a cop-
per mine, which is wrought similarly to a stone
qnarrv open to day. This mine was not opened
til! 1768, and the quantity of ore is prodigious.
The purest part is exported raw to the smelting
works at Swansea and other places : the most im-
pure is calcined on the spot, and deprived of its
sulphur, which is sublimed, and afterwards form-
ed into rolls of brimstone. Quantities of nearly
pure copper are obtained from the waters beneath
the bed of ore, by the intervention of iron. A
lead ore, rich in silver, is also found in this moun-
tain. The smelting and boiling houses are in the
valley below, near the sea, and at Amhvich is a
commodious haven for vessels employed in the
eopper and brimstone trade.

Pas, a town of France, department of Pas de
Calais, 12 m. S. W. of Arras

Pascagoula, a river of Mississippi,flowing south
into the gulf of Mexico. It is barred at the mouth
against vessels drawing more than 5 feet water.

Pas de Calais, a department of France, contain-
ing the provinces of Artois and Bourbonnois. It
has a superficial area of 2,500 sq. m. with 570,000
inhabitants. The climate is humid and changea-
ble, several districts are marshy, but the soil in
general is fertile in corn, hemp, flax, &c. Arras
is the capital.

Pasewalk, a town of Prussian Pomerania, near
which are some iron works. It stands on the
Ueker, 28 m. W. of Stettin.

Pasqua, a town of Mexico, in Xalisco, 100 m.
S. S.
W. of Compostella.

Pasquaro, a town of Mexico, in Mechoacan, 24
m. S. W. of Mechoacan.

Pasquotank, a county of N. Carolina. Pop.
8,618. Elizabeth is the capital.

Passage, a sea-port of Spain, in Biscay, be-
tween those of Fontarabia and St. Sebastian, 3
m. E. of the latter.

Passaic, a river of New Jersey rising in New
York and flowing S. E. into Newark Bay. It
has a fall of 70 feet at Patterson, where the riv-
er is 40 yards wide and falls in an unbroken sheet,
forming one of the most beautiful cascades in the

Passamaquoddy Bay, an inlet of the Bay of Fun-
dy between the eastern part of Maine and New
Brunswick. It contains the Island of Campobel-
lo, Moose, Deer, and several others, and receives
the waters of many rivers. The tides in the bay
rise more than 30 feet; the waters abound with
herring, cod, mackerel and pollock, the taking of
which afford occupation to great numbers of peo-
ple. The bay is 12. m. long and
6 wide : it is
navigable for the largest ships.

Passamaquoddy Indians. See Perry.

Passao, Cape, a cape of S. America, in Quito.
Long. 80. 50. W7., lat. 0. 30. S.

Passaro, Cape, anciently called Pachimum, the
m ost southerly point of Sicily. It has a fort to
protect the country from the incursions of the
Barbary corsairs. Off this cape, Sir George
Byng defeated a Spanish squadron in 1735. Long.
15. 22. E., lat.36. 35. N.

Passaroicitz, a town of Servia, where a peace
was concluded in 1718 between Charles VI. and
Achmet III. It is situate near the river Moravia,
33 m. E. S. E. of Belgrade.

Pasaruan, a town of the Island of Java, capi-
tal of an extensive principality, with a trade in
cotton and rice, 30 m. W. of Panarucan.

Passau, a fortified city of Bavaria, capital of
the circle of Lower Danube, and formerly of a
principality of its name, which in 1815 was di-
vided between Bavaria and Austria. It stands
on the Danube, where it receives the Inn and Hz.
and by these rivers is divided into four parts ;
namely, the town of Passau, Insadt, Ilstadt, and
the fortified castle of Oberhaus, on the mountain
of St. George. This city is celebrated for thp
treaty, or religious peace, concluded here in 1552.
In 1662 the cathedral and greatest part of the
town were consumed by fire, but they have been
handsomely rebuilt. It is 65 m. E. S. E. of Ra-
tisbon and 135 W. by N. of Vienna. Long. 13

32. E., lat. 48. 34. N.

Passenheirn, a town of Prussia, in the govern-
ment of Konigsberg, 73 m. S. of Konigsberg.

Passignano, a town of Italy, in the papal states,
17 m. N. W. of Perugia.

Passy, a village of France, department of Par-
is, near the town of St. Denys. Here is a man


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