Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 684
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SNO    684    SOC

linen hemp, honey, wax, leather, furs, &c. In
:6l2 several severe engagements were fought in
the neighbourhood of this city between the
French and Russian armies, in one of which it
sustained a bombardment, which destroyed most
ofthe buildings, 197 m. N. E. of Novo-gorodeck
and 235
W. S W. of Moscow. Long. 32.14. E.,
lat. 54. 50.

Smynhusen, a town of Denmark, in the duchy
of Holstein, 16 m. W. of Rendsburg.

Smyrna, a sea-port of Asia Minor, and one of
the largest and richest cities of the Levant. The
goodness of the harbour has caused it to be rebuilt
several times after having been destroyed by
earthquakes. It is the rendezvous of merchants
from almost all parts of the world, and the mag-
azine of their merchandize. The population is
computed at 120,000 persons. The streets are
more open, better paved, and the houses better
built than in any other towns on the continent.
The street ofthe Franks is the finest in Smyrna,
and lies all along the harbour. The imports from
England consist of woolen cloths, camlets, lead,
tin, and hardware; these are exchanged for cot-
ton, coffee, mohair, drugs, gall, raisins, figs,
The English and Dutch factors have protestant
chapels, and taverns are as open here as in Eu-
rope. The fortifications consist of a fort, a castle,
a mountain, aud an old citadel. Smyrna is eight
days’ journey from Constantinople by land, 25
days from Aleppo by the caravans, six from Cog-
ni, seven from Cataya, and six from Satalia; and
is seated at the head of a large bby, 190 m. S. S.
W. of Constantinople. Long. 27. 7. E., lat. 38.
28. N.

Smyrna, ph. Chenango Co. N. Y. 105 m. W.
Albany. Pop. 1,897; p.v. Kent. Co. Del.12 m. S.

Smythfield. p.v. Somerset Co. Pa.

Snaith, a town in W. Yorkshire, Eng. 175 m
N. by W. of London.

SnapsviUe, p.v. Chesterfield Co. Va.

Sneck or Snitz, a fortified town of Holland, in
Friesland, seated on a lake of the same name, in
marshy land, 12 m. S. S. W. of Lewarden.

Sneedsborough, ph. Anson Co. N. C. 100 m. S.
W. Raleigh.

Sneirne, a town of Prussia in the province of
Irac, 57 m.W. N. W. of Amadan.

Sniatin, a town of Austrian Galicia, on the
river Pruth, 28 m. W. of Czernowitz. Long. 22.
50. E., lat. 48. 33. N.

Snowden, a mountain of Wales, in the centre of
Caernarvonshire, and the most noted in the whole
region ofthe Welsh hills. It has several craggy
summits, deep dells, moors, and chasms; also
two lakes that abound with fish, particularly
the char and the guiniard. The height of this
mountain, from the quay of Caernarvon, to its
highest peak, is 3,658 feet. It was held sacred
by the ancient Britons as Parnassus was by the
Greeks. Pieces of lava, and groups of columnar
stones of vast size, have been found lying in all
directions on the summit of this mountain, which
commands a delightful and extensive view. In
a clear day, and when the mountain is free front
clouds, a part of Ireland, and of Scotland, the Isle
of Man,the mountains of Westmoreland and Cum-
berland, parts of Lancashire and Cheshire, and
all N. Wales, the Irish and British seas, and a
vast number of lakes, may be seen from its sum-

Snow Hill, p.t Worcester Co. Maryland, on
Pocomoke River. 120 m. S Philad. It is a port
of entry and has considerable commerce; p.v
Green Co. N. C. 96 m. S. E. Raleigh; p.v Clin-
ton Co. Ohio.

Soane, a river of Hindoostan, which issues from
a lake, on the S. confines of Allahabad, the same
that is the source ofthe Nerbudda, and, flowing
in an opposite direction to that river, enters the
Ganges, above Patna.

Sobernheim, a town of Prussia, in the province
of Lower Rhine; seated on the Nahe, 11 m. W.
by S. of Creuttnach.

Sibicslau, a town of Bohemia, in the circle ol
Bechin, with good cloth manufacture, 12 m E.
S. E. of Bechin.

Sabotka, a town of Bohemia, in the circle of
Buntzlau, 8 m. E. by N. of Jung Buntzlau.

Society Isles, islands in the S. Pacifie Ocean,
discovered by Cook in 1769, situate between 150.
57. and 152. 0. W. long., and 16. 10. and 16. 55.
S. lat. They are seven in number ; namely Hu-
aine, Raiatea, Tahaa, Borabora, Maurua, Tubai,
and Sir C. Saunder’s Island. The soil, produc-
tions, &c., are nearly the same as at Otaheite.,
Nature has been equally bountiful in uncultivated
plenty, and the inhabitants are as luxurious and
as indolent. They are generally above the mid-
dle stature ; but their limbs are less muscular and
firm than those ofthe Sandwich islanders, whom
in many respects they resemble. Though more
robust than the Marquesans, they are inferior in
size and physical power to the New Zealanders.
In person they resemble the Friendly islanders as
much as any others in the Pacific. Their limbs are
well formed, and they are generally active in their
movements, graceful and stately in their gait, and
perfectly unembarassed in their address. They are
remarkably curious and inquisitive, and compared
with other Polynesian nations, may be said to
possess considerable ingenuity and mechanical
skill. Totally unacquainted, till recently, with
the use of letters, their minds could not be improv-
ed by any regular or continued culture ; yet the
distinguishing features of their civil polity- -the
imposing nature, numerous observances, and di
versifiedxc2xb0 ramifications of their mythologyxe2x80x94the
legends of their godsxe2x80x94the historical songs oftheir
bardsxe2x80x94the beautiful, figurative, and impassioned
eloquence sometimes displayed in their national
assembliesxe2x80x94and, above all, the copiousness, va-
riety, precision, and purity of their language, to-
gether with their extensive use of numbersxe2x80x94war-
ranted the conclusion that they possessed no con-
temptible mental compacities. This conclusion
has been abundantly confirmed since the estab-
lishment of schools and the introduction of letters.
Multitudes, who were upwards of 30 or 40 years
of age when they commenced with the alphabet,
have in 12 months learned to read distinctly in
tbe New Testament, large portions of which,
some of them have in a short period committed to
memory. The missionaries, who for a long time
laboured in these islands amidst discouragement
and disappointment, have at length witnessed the
complete abandonment of idolatry. Christiani-
ty is now universally professed, and the moral
character of the people has been raised by it to
a high degree of excellence. It it stated that in
1829 not fewer than 10,000 persons had learned
to read the Scriptures.

Society Ijnnd, a township of Hillsborough Co
N. H. 25 m. S. W. Concord. Pop. 164.

Soeoney, p.v. Pendleton Dis. S. C.

Soeonuseo, a province of Guatemala, 88 m. long
and nearly as many broad ; bounded on the N by


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