Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 780
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WIE    780    WIH

Whittlebury Forest, a forest in the S. part of
Northamptonshire, Eng. 9 m. long and 3 broad.

Wiburg, or Viborg, an extensive district of
Russia, in the government of Finland. It was
ceded by the Swedes to the Russians, partly by
the peace of Nystadt in 1721, and partly by the
treaty of Abo in 1743. Besides pastures, the
country produces rye, oats, and barley, but not
sufficient for the inhabitants.

Wiburg, a fortified sea-port of Russia, capital
of the foregoing district, and a bishop’s see, with
a strong citadel. The houses are almost entirely
built of stone. The chief exports are planks, tal-
low, pitch, and tar. The surrounding country is
pleasant; and near it, at Imatra, is the famous
cataract of the Woxa, which makes a noise more
stunning than that of the Rhine at Lauffen. Wi-
burg stands on the N. E. point of the gulf of
Finland, 100 m. N. N. W. of Petersburg. Long.
29. 10. E., lat. 60. 56. N.

Wiburg, a city of Denmark, in N. Jutland,
capital of a diocese of the same name, and the
seat of the chief court of justice in the province.
In 1726 the cathedral, a church, the town-house,
and the bishop’s palace, were destroyed by fire ;
but they have all been magnificently rebuilt. It
is seated on a lake, in a peninsula, 120 m. N. of
Sleswick. Long. 9. 50. E., lat. 56. 20. N.

Wick, a borough of Scotland, and the capital
of Caithness-shire, with a harbour on an inlet of
the German Ocean, at the mouth of a river of
the same name. Much kelp is made here, hut
the fisheries are the chief object of importance.
It is 55 m. N. E. of Dornoch. Long. 2. 51. W.,
lat. 58. 21. N.

Wick, a fortified town of the Netherlands, in
the duchy of Limburg, seated on the Meuse, op-
posite Maestricht, with which it communicates
by a bridge.

Wick Duerstede, a town of Prussian Westpha-
lia. with two castles, 12 m. N. of Juliers.

Wiekford, ph. Washington Co. R. I. 24 m. S.

Wickloic, a county of Ireland, in the province
of Leinster, 36 m. long and 25 broad ; bounded
on the N. by Dublin, E. by the Irish Sea, S. by
Wexford, W. by Catherlough and Kildare, and
N. W. by Kildare. It is divided into 58 parish-
es, has about 111 ,000 inhabitants, and sends two
members to parliament. It is very mountainous
and woody, interspersed with rocks and- bogs;
but the valleys are fertile and well cultivated,
and watered by numerous small rivers.

Wicklow, the capital of the foregoing county, is
seated on the Irish Sea, with a narrow harbour,
at the mouth of the river Leitrim 26 m. S. S. E.
of Dublin. Long. 6. 12. W., lat. 52. 58. N.

Wicomico, p.v. Northumberland Co. Va.

Wick war, a decayed town in Gloucestershire,
Eng. Ill W. ofLondon.

Widdin, a fortified town of Bulgaria, and an
archbishop’s see. It has often been taken and
retaken by the Austrians and Turks; and is seat-
ed on the Danube, 100 m. N. by W. cf Sossa and
1.40 E. S. E. of Belgrade. Long. 24. 27. E., lat.
44. 12. N.

Wied, a county of Germany, at the conflux of
the rivers Wied and Rhine. It is composed of
two parts, the Upper County, or Wied-Runkel,
and the Lower County, or Wied-Nieuwied.

Wied, a town of Germany, in the lower county
of Wied, 9 m. N. N. W. of Coblentz.

Wielun, a town of Prussian Poland, with a good
castle, 16 m. S. of Siradia.

Wielitska, a village of Austrian Poland, m Gali
cia, celebrated for its salt mines, which extend
under the whole town, and to a considerable dis-
tance on each side. In these mines are several
small chapels, excavated in the salt; and many
of the inhabitants reside chiefly in the mines. 8
m. S. E. of Cracow.

Wiesensteig, a town of Wurtemberg, with a
castle ; seated on the Fils, 16 m. W. N. W.ofUlm
and 25 E. S. E. of Stuttgard.

Wiesenthal, a town of Saxony, in Meissen, with
manufactures of iron, steel, and fire-arms, and a
considerable trade in leather. It stands on a rivu-
let of the same name, on the frontiers of Bohemia,
15 m. N. by E. of Carlsbad.

Wigan, a borough in Lancashire, Eng. 39
m. S. of Lancaster and 196 N. N. W. of Lon-

Wight, an island in the English Channel, on
the S. coast of Hampshire, from which it is se-
parated by a narrow strait It is about 21 m. in
length and 13 in breadth, and is nearly divided
into two equal parts by the river Mede, or Cowes,
which, rising in the southern angle, enters at the
northern into the channel, opposite the mouth of
Southampton bay. The S. coast is bordered with
very steep cliffs of chalk and free-stone, hollowed
into caverns in various parts. The W. side is
fenced with ridges of rocks, of which the most
remarkable are those called the Needles. Be-
tween the island and the main are various sand
banks, especially off the E. part, where is the
safe road of St. Helens. Across the island from
E to W. runs a ridge of hills, forming a tract of
fine downs, with a chalky or marly soil, which
feeds a great number of rabbits and fine fleeced
sheep. To the N. of this ridge the land is cbiefly
pasture ; to the S. of it is a rich arable country,
producing great crops of corn. The variety of
prospects which this island affords, its mild air,
and the neat manner in which the fields are laid
out, render it a very delightful spot. It is devo-
ted almost entirely to husbandry, and has no
manufactures of any consequence. Among its
products are to be reckoned a pure white pipe-
clay, and a fine white crystalline sand, of the
latter of which great quantities are exported for
the use of the glass-works in various parts. The
other articles of export are wheat, flour, barley,
malt, and salt. Its principal town is Newport;
it likewise contains the boroughs of Newton and

Wigton, a town in Cumberland, Eng. with man-
ufactures of linen and cotton; also an extensive
calico-printing establishment, and a silk hat man-
ufactory. 304 N. N. W. of London.

Wigton, a borough and sea-port of Scotland,
capital of Wigtonshire. Here are manufactures
of woolen and cotton, the former chiefly of plaids
and flannel. It is situate on a hill, which over-
looks the bay of Wigton, 100 m. S. W. of Edin-

Wigtonshire, or West Galloicay, a county of
Scotland, bounded on the N. by Ayrshire, N. E.
by Kirkcudbrightshire, and on all other sides by
the Irish Sea. Its greatest extent, in any direc-
tion, does not exceed 30 m. It is divided into 17
parishes, and contains about 34,000 inhabitants.

Wilbraham, ph. Hampden Co. Mass. 89 m. S
W- Boston. Pop. 203.

Wihacs, a frontier town of European Turkey
in Bosnia, seated on a lake formed by the river
Unna, 40 m. S. E. of Carlstadt and 220 W. o4
Belgrade. Long. 16.10. E., lat. 45. 34. N.


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