Brookes’ Universal Gazetteer, page 788
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XAL    788    XAU

mountains and woods. It produces plenty of pas-
ture, corn, fruit, and a great deal of Neckar
wirexe2x80x94so called from the river Neckar, which
luns through the kingdom. There are also
mines and salt springs, and much game. This
country was erected inio a kingdom by Napoleon
in 1805; and he made considerable additions to
it by the territories taken from Austria. In 1813
the allies, having engaged to serve the king in
his various acquisitions, received his support in
tlte invasion of France. Stuttgard is the capital.

Wurtzburg, a district of Bavaria, in the circle
of Lower Maine, comprehending a great part of
Franconia. It is 65 m. long and 50 broad, and is
bourfded on the N. by Henneberg, E. by Bam-
berg, S. by Anspach, Hohenlohe, and Mergen-
theim, and WT. by Wertheim, Mentz, and Fulda.
The soil is very fertile, and produces more corn
and wine than the inhabitants consume. This
territory was formerly a bishopric, and its sove-
reign was one of the greatest ecclesiastic princes
of the empire ; but it was given as a principally
to the elector of Bavaria in 1803; and by the
treaty of Presburg, in 1805, it was ceded to the
archduke Ferdinand, whose electoral title was
transferred from Salzburg to this place. In 1814,
however, it was again transferred to Bavaria, in
exchange for the Tyrotywhen the archduke Fer-
dinand was reinstated in his Tuscan dominions.

Wurtzburg, a fortified city of Bavaria, capital
ofthe circle of Lower Maine, with a magnificent
} palace, a university, an arsenal, and a handsome
hospital. The fortress stands on an eminence,
and communicates with the city by a stone bridge.
Besides the cathedral, there are several collegiate
and parish churches, colleges, abbeys, and con-
vents. Here is a cannon and bell foundry ; also
cloth and stuff manufactures, established in the
house of correction. Wurtzburg was taken by
the French in 1796 and again in 1800. It is
seated on the Maine, 40 m. W. S. W. of Bam-
berg and 65 E. S. E. of Frankfort. Long. 10.14.
E., lat. 49. 46. N.

[Vurzach, a town of the kingdom of W urtem-
berg, in the county of Waldburg, with a castle ;
situate on the Aitrach, 17 m. N. of Wangen and
28 S. by W. of Ulm.

Wursen or Wurtzen, a town of Saxony, with a

castle, a cathedral, and two churches. Here are
fine bleaching grounds for linen ; but the princi-
pal trade is in beer, of which great quantities are
exported. It is situate on the Muldau, 15 m. E.
of Leipzig.

Wusterhausen, a town of Prussia, in Branden-
burg, seated on the Spree, 15 m. S. S. E. of Ber-
lin.xe2x80x94Another, seated on the Dosse, 17 m. E. N.

E. of Havelburg and 44 N. W. of Berlin.

Wustrau, a town of Hanover, in the duchy of
Lunenberg, seated on the Dumme, at its conflu-
ence with the Jutzo, 14 m. S. of Danneberg.

Wyalusing, ph. Bradford Co. Pa. 30 m. S. W

Wycomb or High Wycomb a borough in Buck-
inghamshire Eng. A Roman tesselated pavemeni
was discovered in an adjacent meadow in 1744.

31 m. W. N. W. of London.

Wye, a town in Kent, Eng. 55 m. S. E. of

Wye, a river^of Wales, which issues from
Plynlimmon hill, in the S. part of Montgomery-
shire, very near the source of the Severn. I
crosses the N. E. corner of Radnorshire, giving
name to the town of Rhyadergowy (fall of th’

Wye) where it is precipitated in a cataract
Then, flowing between this county and Breck-
nockshire, it enters Herefordshire, passing by
Hay to Hereford, a few m. below which it re-
ceives the Lug; it then flows by Ross and Mon-
mouth, and, separating the counties of Monmouth
and Gloucester, it enters the Severn below Chep-
stow. This river is navigable almost to Hay, and
a canal forms a communication between it and
the Severn from Hereford to Gloucester.

Wylliesburg, p.v. Charlotte Co. Va. 132 m. S
W. Richmond.

Wymondham, a town in Norfolk, Eng. with
manufactures of bombazines, Norwich crapes, &c.    ft)

100 m. N. N. E. ofLondon.

Wyoming, p.v. Luzerne Co. Pa. situated in a
valley among the Apalachian Mountains 1 m. from

Wysox, ph. Bradford Co. Pa.

Wythe, a county of the W. Dis. of Virginia.

Pop. 12,163. Wythe is the capital. 351 m. from


XABEA, a sea-port of Spain, in Valencia, near
the coast of the Mediterranean, 44 m. N. E. of
Alieant. Long. 0. 3. E. lat. 38: 48. N.

Xacca, or Sacca, a sea-port of Sicily, in Val di
Mazara, with an old castle. Here are' large
granaries for the reception of corn intended to be
exported, and manufactures of beautiful vases.
It is seated on the S. coast at the foot of a moun-
tain, 20 m. S. E. of Mazara and 41 S. S. W. of
Palermo. Long. 13. 2. E., lat 37.
41. N.

Xagua, a sea-port on the S. coast of the island
of Cuba, seated on a bay, which is five leagues
in circumference and surrounded by mountains.
It is one of the finest ports in the W. Indies, and
is 84 m. S. E. of Havana Long. 80. 45. W.,
lat 22. 10. N.

Xalapa, a town of Mexico, in Vera Cruz, and a
bishop’s see. This town is said to give naine to
.he purgative root called jalap, or xalap. 60 m. E.

of Angelos and 80 E. of Mexico. Long. 98. 20
W., lat. 39. 32. N.

Xalisco, a town ot Mexico in a province of its
name, 14 m. N. W. of Composteila.

Xaliva. or St. Philip, a town of Spain, in Valen
cia. Having taken the part of Charles III., in
1707, Philip V. ordered it to be demolished, and a
new town to be built called St. Philip. It is seat-
ed on the side of a hill, at the 'foot of which
runs the Xucar, 32 m. S. W. of Valencia and
50 N. W. of Alieant. Long. 0. 14. W., lat. 39.

4. N.

Xauxa, or Jauxa, a province of Peru, 36 miles
long and 45 broad, bounded by the mountains of
the Indians, and the provinces of Tarma, Huan-
ta, Angaraes, Xauyos, and Guarochiri. The cli-
mate is highly salubrious, and the soil fertile in
corn and fruits.

Xauxa, a town of Peru, capital of the forego-


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